How to format your references using the Clinical Laboratory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Laboratory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Carrell RW. Biomedicine. Prion dormancy and disease. Science. 2004 Dec 3;306(5702):1692–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hanrieder J, Ewing AG. Spatial elucidation of spinal cord lipid- and metabolite- regulations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 12;4:5266.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Tripati AK, Roberts CD, Eagle RA. Coupling of CO2 and ice sheet stability over major climate transitions of the last 20 million years. Science. 2009 Dec 4;326(5958):1394–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Palframan WJ, Meehl JB, Jaspersen SL, Winey M, Murray AW. Anaphase inactivation of the spindle checkpoint. Science. 2006 Aug 4;313(5787):680–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Henderson TJ. Beyond Borders. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Bolay J-C, Hostettler S, Hazboun E, editors. Technologies for Sustainable Development: A Way to Reduce Poverty? Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XXV, 303 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lai Y-C, Tél T. Fractal Basin Boundaries. In: Tél T, editor. Transient Chaos: Complex Dynamics on Finite Time Scales. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 147–85. (Applied Mathematical Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Laboratory.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. What If Intelligent Machines Could Learn From Each Other? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/what-if-intelligent-machines-could-learn-from-each-other/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Tax Policy: Insufficient Information to Assess Effect of Tax Free Education Assistance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jun. Report No.: GGD-89-76.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fertig BM. Stable nitrogen isotopes (delta-nitrogen-15) in the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) as an indicator of nitrogen source [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Medellín RA, Melnick DJ, Pearl MC. Protect Our Bats. New York Times. 2014 May 11;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Laboratory
AbbreviationClin. Lab.
ISSN (print)1433-6510
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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