How to format your references using the Clinical Laboratory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Laboratory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pryciak PM. Systems biology. Customized signaling circuits. Science. 2008 Mar 14;319(5869):1489–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonenberg N, Filipowicz W. Retrospective. Aaron Shatkin (1934-2012). Science. 2012 Jul 20;337(6092):309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kleckner N, Zickler D, Witz G. Molecular biology. Chromosome capture brings it all together. Science. 2013 Nov 22;342(6161):940–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bacaj T, Tevlin M, Lu Y, Shaham S. Glia are essential for sensory organ function in C. elegans. Science. 2008 Oct 31;322(5902):744–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gunn DM. Judges. Malden, MA, USA: Blackwell Publishing; 2016.
An edited book
Mandelker L, Vajdovich P, editors. Studies on Veterinary Medicine. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011. X, 260 p. (Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice).
A chapter in an edited book
Akesson B, Goossens K. Predictable SDRAM Back-End. In: Goossens K, editor. Memory Controllers for Real-Time Embedded Systems: Predictable and Composable Real-Time Systems. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 63–103. (Embedded Systems).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Laboratory.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. We’re About To Get Some Amazing New Images Of Saturn And Its Rings [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Significant Federal Investment Is Not Adequately Protected. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jun. Report No.: T-RCED-91-68.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell FM. A study of the effects of nanoparticle modification on the thermal, mechanical and hygrothermal performance of carbon/vinyl ester composites [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. From Misfit With Blog To Author With Deal. New York Times. 2012 May 6;A31B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Laboratory
AbbreviationClin. Lab.
ISSN (print)1433-6510
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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