How to format your references using the Clinical Laboratory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Laboratory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Buzsáki G. The structure of consciousness. Nature. 2007 Mar 15;446(7133):267.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Strahl BD, Allis CD. The language of covalent histone modifications. Nature. 2000 Jan 6;403(6765):41–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Simpson AGB, MacQuarrie EK, Roger AJ. Eukaryotic evolution: early origin of canonical introns. Nature. 2002 Sep 19;419(6904):270.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Li Y, Brown JH, Reshetnikova L, Blazsek A, Farkas L, Nyitray L, et al. Visualization of an unstable coiled coil from the scallop myosin rod. Nature. 2003 Jul 17;424(6946):341–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rider MJ. Design and Analysis of Mechanisms. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Shackley MS, editor. X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (XRF) in Geoarchaeology. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XIV, 231 p. 32 illus., 11 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tari Z, Phan AKA, Jayasinghe M, Abhaya VG. Network Traffic Optimisation. In: Phan AKA, Jayasinghe M, Abhaya VG, editors. On the Performance of Web Services. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011. p. 105–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Laboratory.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. How Microbes Make Methane [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/how-microbes-make-methane/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Survey of the Harrison County Head Start Program, Gulfport, Mississippi. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Mar. Report No.: HRD-78-82.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dammann NM. Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Branch J. Kaepernick’s Conscience. New York Times. 2017 Sep 7;SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Laboratory
AbbreviationClin. Lab.
ISSN (print)1433-6510
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

Other styles