How to format your references using the Clinical Genitourinary Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Genitourinary Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. A delicate balance. Nature. 2004;429(6989):323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saunders LR, Verdin E. Cell biology. Stress response and aging. Science. 2009;323(5917):1021-1022.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford HL, Ravelo AC, Polissar PJ. Reduced El Niño-Southern Oscillation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science. 2015;347(6219):255-258.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dial OE, Ashoori RC, Pfeiffer LN, West KW. High-resolution spectroscopy of two-dimensional electron systems. Nature. 2007;448(7150):176-179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minuth WW, Strehl R, Schumacher K. Tissue Engineering. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Jacob S, ed. Mastering Endothelial Keratoplasty: DSAEK, DMEK, E-DMEK, PDEK, Air Pump-Assisted PDEK and Others, Volume II. Springer India; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Hendler J, Mulvehill AM. What Computers Can’t Do–Yet. In: Mulvehill AM, ed. Social Machines: The Coming Collision of Artificial Intelligence, Social Networking, and Humanity. Apress; 2016:72-96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Genitourinary Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew E. WHO Prepares For Ebola Outbreak to Reach 20,000 In Nine Months. IFLScience. Published August 28, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Diffusing Innovations: Implementing the Technology Transfer Act of 1986. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gruhl DK. Santa Rosa Adopt-A-Grandparent Plus Program: A Grant Proposal Project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kramer AE. Remembering Slain Critic of Putin, Tens of Thousands March in Moscow. New York Times. March 2, 2015:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Genitourinary Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Genitourin. Cancer
ISSN (print)1558-7673

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