How to format your references using the Clinical Genitourinary Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Genitourinary Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dennis C. Baiting plan to remove fox threat to Tasmanian wildlife. Nature. 2002;416(6879):357.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCormick C, Ganem D. The kaposin B protein of KSHV activates the p38/MK2 pathway and stabilizes cytokine mRNAs. Science. 2005;307(5710):739-741.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin WF, Sousa FL, Lane N. Evolution. Energy at life’s origin. Science. 2014;344(6188):1092-1093.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Micheli M, Farnocchia D, Meech KJ, et al. Non-gravitational acceleration in the trajectory of 1I/2017 U1 ('Oumuamua). Nature. 2018;559(7713):223-226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kiehl AR, Mays MBC. Atlas for the Diagnosis of Tumors in the Dog and Cat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Liu C. Optimal Control of Switched Systems Arising in Fermentation Processes. Vol 97. (Gong Z, ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang D, Yu M, Low CB, Arogeti S. Mode Tracking Techniques. In: Yu M, Low CB, Arogeti S, eds. Model-Based Health Monitoring of Hybrid Systems. New York, NY: Springer; 2013:191-234.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Genitourinary Cancer.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Astronomers Discovered Where A Radio Burst Is From For The First Time. IFLScience. Published January 4, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The National Aero-Space Plane. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jansson A. Stratigraphy, Landscape Evolution, and Past Environments at the Billy Big Spring Site, Montana. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James G. Talking and Driving: Growing Road Menace? New York Times. March 26, 2000:14NJ1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Genitourinary Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Genitourin. Cancer
ISSN (print)1558-7673

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