How to format your references using the Clinical Genitourinary Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Genitourinary Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith AB. Paleontology. Making the best of a patchy fossil record. Science. 2003;301(5631):321-322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nielsen TA, Stenstrom P. What are the memory sources of dreaming? Nature. 2005;437(7063):1286-1289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klahr D, Zimmerman C, Jirout J. Educational interventions to advance children’s scientific thinking. Science. 2011;333(6045):971-975.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ohtsuki H, Hauert C, Lieberman E, Nowak MA. A simple rule for the evolution of cooperation on graphs and social networks. Nature. 2006;441(7092):502-505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Firth-Cozens J, Harrison J. How to Survive in Medicine. Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Valavanis KP, Vachtsevanos GJ, eds. Handbook of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansson SO, Rudén C. REACH: What Has Been Achieved and What Needs To Be Done? In: Eriksson J, Gilek M, Rudén C, eds. Regulating Chemical Risks: European and Global Challenges. Springer Netherlands; 2010:71-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Genitourinary Cancer.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Ancient DNA In Lake Mud Sheds Light On The Mystery Of How Humans First Reached America. IFLScience. Published August 11, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Family Planning: Federal Funds Provided to Planned Parenthood Organizations. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliver CN. The relationship between length of kindergarten day and student literacy and math achievement. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Nation’s ‘First Suburb’ Aims to Be Most ‘Green.’ New York Times. December 16, 2007:14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Genitourinary Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Genitourin. Cancer
ISSN (print)1558-7673

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