How to format your references using the European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Prentice IC (2010) Atmospheric science. The burning issue. Science 330:1636–1637
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Redman BK, Merz JF (2008) Sociology. Scientific misconduct: do the punishments fit the crime? Science 321:775
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
AbdAlla S, Lother H, Quitterer U (2000) AT1-receptor heterodimers show enhanced G-protein activation and altered receptor sequestration. Nature 407:94–98
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zagoskin AM, Wilson RD, Everitt M, et al (2013) Spatially resolved single photon detection with a quantum sensor array. Sci Rep 3:3464

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Warren AEA, Lerner RM, Phelps E (2011) Thriving and Spirituality Among Youth. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Sako H, Franke KY, Saitoh S (2011) Computational Forensics: 4th International Workshop, IWCF 2010, Tokyo, Japan, November 11-12, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kiyomoto S, Henricksen M, Yap W-S, et al (2011) MASHA – Low Cost Authentication with a New Stream Cipher. In: Lai X, Zhou J, Li H (eds) Information Security: 14th International Conference, ISC 2011, Xi’an, China, October 26-29, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 63–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) How The Moon Got Its Tilt Explained By New Model. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) Airport Improvement Program: Better Management Needed for Funds Provided Under Letters of Intent. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jalali Farahani B (2005) Adaptive Digital Calibration Techniques for High Speed, High Resolution Sigma Delta ADCs for Broadband Wireless Applications. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodgman J (2017) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
AbbreviationEur. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol.
ISSN (print)0937-4477
ISSN (online)1434-4726
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology

Other styles