How to format your references using the European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon D (2000) Canada tries to limit nanotech brain drain. Nature 408:623
A journal article with 2 authors
Stamm LM, Goldberg MB (2011) Microbiology. Establishing the secretion hierarchy. Science 331:1147–1148
A journal article with 3 authors
Geisler JH, Colbert MW, Carew JL (2014) A new fossil species supports an early origin for toothed whale echolocation. Nature 508:383–386
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Moffitt JR, Chemla YR, Aathavan K, et al (2009) Intersubunit coordination in a homomeric ring ATPase. Nature 457:446–450

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stauffer HB (2007) Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Timm-Giel A, Strassner J, Agüero R, et al (2013) Mobile Networks and Management: 4th International Conference, MONAMI 2012, Hamburg, Germany, September 24-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Banerjee S, Gerlitz J-Y, Kniveton D (2013) A Methodology for Assessing Patterns of Labour Migration in Mountain Communities Exposed to Water Hazards. In: Faist T, Schade J (eds) Disentangling Migration and Climate Change: Methodologies, Political Discourses and Human Rights. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 81–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Ebola Outbreak Has Been Confirmed In The Democratic Republic Of Congo. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Screening Partnership Program: TSA Can Benefit from Improved Cost Estimates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hongxia D (2005) Social Process of Environmental Risk Perception, Preferences of Risk Management and Public Participation in Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Study Between the United States and China. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2007) Purge Victims Remembered In Moscow Rite. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
AbbreviationEur. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol.
ISSN (print)0937-4477
ISSN (online)1434-4726
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles