How to format your references using the European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology (Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bunk S (2002) Tearing down the barriers. Nature 416:4–7
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Felsenfeld G, Groudine M (2003) Controlling the double helix. Nature 421:448–453
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lawrence KT, Liu Z, Herbert TD (2006) Evolution of the eastern tropical Pacific through Plio-Pleistocene glaciation. Science 312:79–83
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Wang CR, Kai T, Tomiyama T, et al (2000) C66 fullerene encaging a scandium dimer. Nature 408:426–427

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
McDonald AG, Magande HL (2012) Introduction to Thermo-Fluids Systems Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Golden CJ (2016) The Intercorrelation of Traumatic Brain Injury and PTSD in Neuropsychological Evaluations. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Goto H (2016) Extensive Area of Topographic Anaglyphs Covering Inland and Seafloor Derived Using a Detailed Digital Elevation Model for Identifying Broad Tectonic Deformations. In: Kamae K (ed) Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Nuclear Risks: Prediction and Assessment Beyond the Fukushima Accident. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 65–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K (2016) Kitchen Science: From Sizzling Brisket To Fresh Baked Bread, The Chemical Reaction That Makes Our Favourite Foods Taste So Good. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/kitchen-science-from-sizzling-brisket-to-fresh-baked-bread-the-chemical-reaction-that-makes-our-favourite-foods-taste-so-good/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1986) Drug Regulation: FDA’s Computer Systems Need To Be Better Managed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Xiong Y (2008) Immuno-Magnetic T Cell Depletion for Allogeneic Hematological Stem Cell Transplantation. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Halbfinger DM, Hubbard B (2017) Airstrikes on Syrian Sites Renew Focus on Chemical Arms. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 1].
This sentence cites four references [1, 1, 1, 1].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
AbbreviationEur. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol.
ISSN (print)0937-4477
ISSN (online)1434-4726
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology

Other styles