How to format your references using the European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rothchild L (2000) This Year’s . . Science 289:871–872
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ptashne M, Gann A (2003) Signal transduction. Imposing specificity on kinases. Science 299:1025–1027
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Plerou V, Gopikrishnan P, Stanley HE (2003) Econophysics: Two-phase behaviour of financial markets. Nature 421:130
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Lunin VV, Dobrovetsky E, Khutoreskaya G, et al (2006) Crystal structure of the CorA Mg2+ transporter. Nature 440:833–837

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Green PE Jr (2005) Fiber to the Home. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Knaster S (2012) Learn Objective-C on the Mac: For iOS and OS X. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
DeFrances MC (2010) Molecular Mechanisms of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Insights to Therapy. In: Carr BI (ed) Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 109–130

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2017) New Molecule Makes It Easier To Turn CO2 Into Fuel. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/new-molecule-makes-it-easier-to-turn-co2-into-fuel/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1991) Project on Standardization of Basic Financial Information Requirements of Central Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Estrin EM (2012) Individual Doubles: A Look at Twinship and Attachment Theory. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
MacFARQUHAR N (2015) Conspiracy Theories Mix With Somber Condolences. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
AbbreviationEur. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol.
ISSN (print)0937-4477
ISSN (online)1434-4726
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology

Other styles