How to format your references using the Constellations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Constellations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, Paul W. “Materials Science. The New Diamond Age?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319, no. 5869 (March 14, 2008): 1490–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
Quinn, Thomas C., and Julie Overbaugh. “HIV/AIDS in Women: An Expanding Epidemic.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308, no. 5728 (June 10, 2005): 1582–83.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kasuya, Akira, Jun-Ichi Sakabe, and Yoshiki Tokura. “Potential Application of in Vivo Imaging of Impaired Lymphatic Duct to Evaluate the Severity of Pressure Ulcer in Mouse Model.” Scientific Reports 4 (February 25, 2014): 4173.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zelcer, Noam, Cynthia Hong, Rima Boyadjian, and Peter Tontonoz. “LXR Regulates Cholesterol Uptake through Idol-Dependent Ubiquitination of the LDL Receptor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325, no. 5936 (July 3, 2009): 100–104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phelan, James. Reading the American Novel 1920-2010. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Qi, Ershi, Jiang Shen, and Runliang Dou, eds. The 19th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management: Engineering Economics Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Haskell, John D. “Hugo Grotius in the Contemporary Memory of International Law: Secularism, Liberalism, and the Politics of Restatement and Denial.” In New Approaches to International Law: The European and the American Experiences, edited by José María Beneyto and David Kennedy, 123–50. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Constellations.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. “New Evidence Suggests Life On Earth Began Much Earlier Than We Thought.” IFLScience. IFLScience, October 20, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Standards of Employee Conduct Need Improvement.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 14, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eyers, Brandy Marie. “An Analysis of Remote Biometric Authentication with Windows.” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Suleiman, Susan Rubin. “Selected for Death.” New York Times, October 18, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleConstellations
ISSN (online)1467-8675
ScopeGeneral Psychology
General Social Sciences

Other styles