How to format your references using the Constellations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Constellations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. “All Systems Go for Neuroscience.” Nature 414, no. 6860 (November 8, 2001): 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedwig, Berthold, and James F. A. Poulet. “Complex Auditory Behaviour Emerges from Simple Reactive Steering.” Nature 430, no. 7001 (August 12, 2004): 781–85.
A journal article with 3 authors
Séguin, Béatrice, Peter A. Singer, and Abdallah S. Daar. “Science Community: Scientific Diasporas.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312, no. 5780 (June 16, 2006): 1602–3.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chatterjee, Malini, Julie Osborne, Giovanna Bestetti, Yuan Chang, and Patrick S. Moore. “Viral IL-6-Induced Cell Proliferation and Immune Evasion of Interferon Activity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298, no. 5597 (November 15, 2002): 1432–35.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Svrcek, William Y., Donald P. Mahoney, and Brent R. Young. A Real-Time Approach to Process Control. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2007.
An edited book
Langer, Matthias, Annemarie Luger, and Harald Woracek, eds. Operator Theory and Indefinite Inner Product Spaces: Presented on the Occasion of the Retirement of Heinz Langer in the Colloquium on Operator Theory, Vienna, March 2004. Vol. 163. Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder, Mrinmoy, and Rabindra Nath Barman. “Application of Artificial Neural Networks in Short-Term Rainfall Forecasting.” In Application of Nature Based Algorithm in Natural Resource Management, edited by Mrinmoy Majumder and Rabindra Nath Barman, 43–58. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Constellations.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Fantastical Gifs Inspired By Real World Physics.” IFLScience. IFLScience, May 22, 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/fantastical-gifs-hugo-germain-inspired-real-world-physics/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “District of Columbia: Chronology of Events Related to the Metropolitan Police Use of $15 Million Appropriation.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, December 16, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crozier, Craig F. “A Qualitative Study of Teacher Job Satisfaction in an Evolutionary and Mandated Change Environment.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, George. “Titans in Party Dresses: Socialite, Debutante, Advocate: All Spell Hadley Marie Nagel, Who at 19 Boasts a Résumé over the Top.” New York Times, December 26, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference D. Gershon, “All Systems Go for Neuroscience,” Nature 414, no. 6860 (November 8, 2001): 4–5..
This sentence cites two references D. Gershon, “All Systems Go for Neuroscience,” Nature 414, no. 6860 (November 8, 2001): 4–5; Berthold Hedwig and James F. A. Poulet, “Complex Auditory Behaviour Emerges from Simple Reactive Steering,” Nature 430, no. 7001 (August 12, 2004): 781–85, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02787..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Berthold Hedwig and James F. A. Poulet, “Complex Auditory Behaviour Emerges from Simple Reactive Steering,” Nature 430, no. 7001 (August 12, 2004): 781–85.
  • Three authors: Béatrice Séguin, Peter A. Singer, and Abdallah S. Daar, “Science Community: Scientific Diasporas,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312, no. 5780 (June 16, 2006): 1602–3.
  • 4 or more authors: Malini Chatterjee et al., “Viral IL-6-Induced Cell Proliferation and Immune Evasion of Interferon Activity,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298, no. 5597 (November 15, 2002): 1432–35, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1074883.

About the journal

Full journal titleConstellations
AbbreviationConstellations
ISSN (online)1467-8675
ScopeGeneral Psychology
General Social Sciences

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