How to format your references using the Constellations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Constellations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stock, Joann. “Geophysics. Hotspots Come Unstuck.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, no. 5636 (August 22, 2003): 1059–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGhee, Karen, and Nicky Phillips. “Nature Index 2015 China.” Nature 528, no. 7582 (December 17, 2015): S165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gouldstone, A., K. J. Van Vliet, and S. Suresh. “Nanoindentation. Simulation of Defect Nucleation in a Crystal.” Nature 411, no. 6838 (June 7, 2001): 656.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ochsenbein, A. F., S. Sierro, B. Odermatt, M. Pericin, U. Karrer, J. Hermans, S. Hemmi, H. Hengartner, and R. M. Zinkernagel. “Roles of Tumour Localization, Second Signals and Cross Priming in Cytotoxic T-Cell Induction.” Nature 411, no. 6841 (June 28, 2001): 1058–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagliamonte, Sali A. Making Waves. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
Ritz, Karl, Lorna Dawson, and David Miller, eds. Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Juncao, Xiuli Sun, Fei Xie, and Xiaoyu Song. “Component-Based Abstraction and Refinement.” In High Confidence Software Reuse in Large Systems: 10th International Conference on Software Reuse, ICSR 2008, Beijing, China, May 25-29, 2008 Proceedings, edited by Hong Mei, 39–51. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Constellations.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “How Virtual Reality Can Help Treat Sex Offenders.” IFLScience. IFLScience, November 10, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 6, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrade, Natasha Almeida. “Environmental Fate of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Agricultural Soils Which Have Received Biosolids Application.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, John. “Longer and Better.” New York Times, March 2, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleConstellations
ISSN (online)1467-8675
ScopeGeneral Psychology
General Social Sciences

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