How to format your references using the Constellations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Constellations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, Tony. “Touched by an Angel.” Nature 435, no. 7043 (June 9, 2005): 734–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan, M. I., and T. M. Mitchell. “Machine Learning: Trends, Perspectives, and Prospects.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349, no. 6245 (July 17, 2015): 255–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Durniak, Kimberly J., Scott Bailey, and Thomas A. Steitz. “The Structure of a Transcribing T7 RNA Polymerase in Transition from Initiation to Elongation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322, no. 5901 (October 24, 2008): 553–57.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Imaizumi, Takato, Hien G. Tran, Trevor E. Swartz, Winslow R. Briggs, and Steve A. Kay. “FKF1 Is Essential for Photoperiodic-Specific Light Signalling in Arabidopsis.” Nature 426, no. 6964 (November 20, 2003): 302–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Micouin, Patrice. Model-Based Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Strominger, Norman L. Noback’s Human Nervous System, Seventh Edition: Structure and Function. Edited by Robert J. Demarest and Lois B. Laemle. 7th ed. 2012. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Aizawa, Sayaka, Takafumi Sakai, and Ichiro Sakata. “The Role of Glutamine and Glutamic Acid in the Pituitary Gland Involvement in Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Release.” In Glutamine in Clinical Nutrition, edited by Rajkumar Rajendram, Victor R. Preedy, and Vinood B. Patel, 67–76. New York, NY: Springer, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Constellations.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. “Racehorses Defy Expectations and Continue to Get Faster.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 24, 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/racehorses-defy-expectations-and-continue-get-faster/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Space-Based Lasers.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 16, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amini, Behrooz. “Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic Systems.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. “Honoring Neighbors Killed in Attacks.” New York Times, September 9, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Tony Reichhardt, “Touched by an Angel,” Nature 435, no. 7043 (June 9, 2005): 734–35..
This sentence cites two references Tony Reichhardt, “Touched by an Angel,” Nature 435, no. 7043 (June 9, 2005): 734–35; M. I. Jordan and T. M. Mitchell, “Machine Learning: Trends, Perspectives, and Prospects,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349, no. 6245 (July 17, 2015): 255–60..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: M. I. Jordan and T. M. Mitchell, “Machine Learning: Trends, Perspectives, and Prospects,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349, no. 6245 (July 17, 2015): 255–60.
  • Three authors: Kimberly J. Durniak, Scott Bailey, and Thomas A. Steitz, “The Structure of a Transcribing T7 RNA Polymerase in Transition from Initiation to Elongation,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322, no. 5901 (October 24, 2008): 553–57.
  • 4 or more authors: Takato Imaizumi et al., “FKF1 Is Essential for Photoperiodic-Specific Light Signalling in Arabidopsis,” Nature 426, no. 6964 (November 20, 2003): 302–6, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02090.

About the journal

Full journal titleConstellations
AbbreviationConstellations
ISSN (online)1467-8675
ScopeGeneral Psychology
General Social Sciences

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