How to format your references using the Eurasian Journal of Medical Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eurasian Journal of Medical Investigation (EJMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. Halt the avalanche of performance metrics. Nature 2013; 500:255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gosu V, Choi S. Structural dynamic analysis of apo and ATP-bound IRAK4 kinase. Sci Rep 2014; 4:5748.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dobson DP, Meredith PG, Boon SA. Simulation of subduction zone seismicity by dehydration of serpentine. Science 2002; 298:1407–1410.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Fernandes-Alnemri T, Yu J-W, Datta P, Wu J, Alnemri ES. AIM2 activates the inflammasome and cell death in response to cytoplasmic DNA. Nature 2009; 458:509–513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pachamanova DA, Fabozzi FJ. Portfolio Construction and Analytics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Craswell E, Bonnell M, Bossio D, Demuth S, Giesen NVD (eds.). Integrated Assessment of Water Resources and Global Change: A North-South Analysis. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi R, Takimoto M, Kambayashi Y. Cooperative Transportation Using Pheromone Agents. In: Duval B, van den Herik J, Loiseau S, Filipe J (eds.), Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, ICAART 2014, Angers, France, March 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:46–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eurasian Journal of Medical Investigation.

Blog post
Andrews R. Tropical Cyclones Will Become Less Common But Far More Intense Thanks To Climate Change; 2016. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medicaid Information Technology: CMS Supports Use of Program Integrity Systems but Should Require States to Determine Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen RT. Exploring the Lived Experiences of Program Managers Regarding an Automated Logistics Environment. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside K. After a Flat Tire, Finding Kindness, if Not a Spare. New York Times 2016:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEurasian Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN (online)2602-3164

Other styles