How to format your references using the Eurasian Journal of Medical Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eurasian Journal of Medical Investigation (EJMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Urry M. Science and gender: Scientists must work harder on equality. Nature 2015; 528:471–473.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chhangani D, Mishra A. Mahogunin ring finger-1 (MGRN1) suppresses chaperone-associated misfolded protein aggregation and toxicity. Sci Rep 2013; 3:1972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuomisto H, Ruokolainen K, Yli-Halla M. Dispersal, environment, and floristic variation of western Amazonian forests. Science 2003; 299:241–244.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Heinrich AJ, Gupta JA, Lutz CP, Eigler DM. Single-atom spin-flip spectroscopy. Science 2004; 306:466–469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trimble MR, George MS. Biological Psychiatry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Schulze T, Müller B, Meyer G (eds.). Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2015: Smart Systems for Green and Automated Driving. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Stevenson JH. Tissue Scanning. In: Daniels JM, Dexter WW (eds.), Basics of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound. New York, NY: Springer; 2013:15–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eurasian Journal of Medical Investigation.

Blog post
Taub B. Two Billion Children Are Breathing Unsafe Air Right Now; 2016. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: ADP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones DM. Educational paradigm shift: Emergence of the virtual classroom. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir SM, Surico J. Three Shots and an Officer Down: Gripping Testimony in Queens. New York Times 2017:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEurasian Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN (online)2602-3164

Other styles