How to format your references using the ergoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ergoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Humphries C. Sex Differences: Luck of the Chromosomes. Nature 2014; 516(7529): S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rakoff-Nahoum S, Comstock LE. Immunology: Starve a Fever, Feed the Microbiota. Nature 2014; 514(7524): 576–577.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weaver BAA, Silk AD, Cleveland DW. Cell Biology: Nondisjunction, Aneuploidy and Tetraploidy. Nature 2006; 442(7104): E9-10; discussion E10.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Seki K, Elphic RC, Hirahara M, Terasawa T, Mukai T. On Atmospheric Loss of Oxygen Ions from Earth through Magnetospheric Processes. Science 2001; 291(5510): 1939–1941.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pelz G. Mechatronic Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2005.
An edited book
Abbas S. Advanced Functional Evolution Equations and Inclusions, vol. 39. Cham: Springer International Publishing 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Vazquez L, Miranda JM, Garfias E, Dyolotzin D. Fabrication and Characterization of Niobium-Aluminum Composites: Effect of Sintering Temperature. In:. Sano T, Srivatsan TS (eds). Advanced Composites for Aerospace, Marine, and Land Applications II. Cham: Springer International Publishing 2016; 39–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ergoscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. Dinosaurs May Have Had Babysitters. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comments on H.R. 6228. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang Z. Primary Isotope Effect on Secondary Kinetic Isotope Effects and Hammett Correlations in Hydride Transfer Reactions. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. A Tabloid Murder Tale of Little Suspense. New York Times 2017: C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleergoscience
ISSN (print)1861-6348
ISSN (online)1861-6356

Other styles