How to format your references using the ergoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ergoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kanwisher N. Neuroscience. What’s in a Face? Science 2006; 311(5761): 617–618.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mashburn LM, Whiteley M. Membrane Vesicles Traffic Signals and Facilitate Group Activities in a Prokaryote. Nature 2005; 437(7057): 422–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Terrones H, López-Urías F, Terrones M. Novel Hetero-Layered Materials with Tunable Direct Band Gaps by Sandwiching Different Metal Disulfides and Diselenides. Sci. Rep. 2013; 3: 1549.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Prinz M, Heikenwalder M, Junt T, Schwarz P, Glatzel M, Heppner FL, Fu Y-X, Lipp M, Aguzzi A. Positioning of Follicular Dendritic Cells within the Spleen Controls Prion Neuroinvasion. Nature 2003; 425(6961): 957–962.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qiu RG. Service Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2014.
An edited book
Jung JJ, Badica C, Kiss A, editors. Scalable Information Systems: 5th International Conference, INFOSCALE 2014, Seoul, South Korea, September 25-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 139. Cham: Springer International Publishing 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ronse C. Orders on Partial Partitions and Maximal Partitioning of Sets. In:. Soille P, Pesaresi M, Ouzounis GK (eds). Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Image and Signal Processing: 10th International Symposium, ISMM 2011, Verbania-Intra, Italy, July 6-8, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2011; 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ergoscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers Discover How Pac-Man Frogs Are Able To Hunt Large Prey. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highways: Acquiring Land for Federal-Aid Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Florio ML. Assessing the Impacts of Knowing Natural Team Player Styles on Team Satisfaction and Cohesion. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. Blind as a Bat: A Case of Mind vs. Body. New York Times 2014: D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleergoscience
ISSN (print)1861-6348
ISSN (online)1861-6356

Other styles