How to format your references using the ergoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ergoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helfand SL. Neurobiology. Chaperones Take Flight. Science 2002; 295(5556): 809–810.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang K-Q, Liu XY. In Situ Observation of Colloidal Monolayer Nucleation Driven by an Alternating Electric Field. Nature 2004; 429(6993): 739–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Postma E, Griffith SC, Brooks R. Evolutionary Genetics: Evolution of Mate Choice in the Wild. Nature 2006; 444(7121): E16; discussion E16-7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thyme SB, Jarjour J, Takeuchi R, Havranek JJ, Ashworth J, Scharenberg AM, Stoddard BL, Baker D. Exploitation of Binding Energy for Catalysis and Design. Nature 2009; 461(7268): 1300–1304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mesterton-Gibbons M. A Concrete Approach to Mathematical Modelling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007.
An edited book
Zereini F, Alt F, editors. Palladium Emissions in the Environment: Analytical Methods, Environmental Assessment and Health Effects. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Santodonato LJ, Liaw PK. Advanced Characterization Techniques. In:. Gao MC, Yeh J-W, Liaw PK, Zhang Y (eds). High-Entropy Alloys: Fundamentals and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing 2016; 115–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ergoscience.

Blog post
Taub B. Patients Struggle To Read Words When Part Of Their Brain Is Shut Down. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Data: NASA’s Future Data Volumes Create Formidable Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duncan KF. Middle School Teachers’ Self-Perceptions of Response to Intervention. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. ‘Lesser God’ Is Headed For a Broadway Revival. New York Times 2017: C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleergoscience
ISSN (print)1861-6348
ISSN (online)1861-6356

Other styles