How to format your references using the ergoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ergoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benjamin S. QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY: Single Photons. Science 2000; 290(5500): 2273–2274.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hennessy ET, Betley TA. Complex N-Heterocycle Synthesis via Iron-Catalyzed, Direct C-H Bond Amination. Science 2013; 340(6132): 591–595.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sobolevsky AI, Rosconi MP, Gouaux E. X-Ray Structure, Symmetry and Mechanism of an AMPA-Subtype Glutamate Receptor. Nature 2009; 462(7274): 745–756.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu R, Cui L, Chen L, Wang C, Cao C, Sheng G, Yu H, Zhao F. Effects of Bio-Au Nanoparticles on Electrochemical Activity of Shewanella Oneidensis Wild Type and ΔomcA/MtrC Mutant. Sci. Rep. 2013; 3: 3307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schorn C, Taylor B. NMR Spectroscopy: Data Acquisition. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA 2004.
An edited book
Hirose A, Ozawa S, Doya K, Ikeda K, Lee M, Liu D, editors. Neural Information Processing: 23rd International Conference, ICONIP 2016, Kyoto, Japan, October 16–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, vol. 9947. Cham: Springer International Publishing 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Duerbeck HW. Strasbourg Observatory in World War II. In:. Heck A (ed). The Multinational History of Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands 2005; 123–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ergoscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Some People Have Sex For Science. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Examination of Grants Awarded to the Berkeley Unified School District and to Bilingual Children’s Television, Inc. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manzano D. The Benefits of Fall Intervention Programs for Older Adults: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rawlence B. The First Rule of Book Club Is . . . New York Times 2017: BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleergoscience
ISSN (print)1861-6348
ISSN (online)1861-6356

Other styles