How to format your references using the ergoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ergoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buratowski S. Gene Expression: Transcription Initiation Unwrapped. Nature 2012; 483(7389): 286–287.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt PA, Hassold TJ. Sex Matters in Meiosis. Science 2002; 296(5576): 2181–2183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang S, Hashimoto N, Ohnuki S. Hydrogen-Induced Change in Core Structures of {110}[111] Edge and {110}[111] Screw Dislocations in Iron. Sci. Rep. 2013; 3: 2760.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Snijder B, Sacher R, Rämö P, Damm E-M, Liberali P, Pelkmans L. Population Context Determines Cell-to-Cell Variability in Endocytosis and Virus Infection. Nature 2009; 461(7263): 520–523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams AE. Immunology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2011.
An edited book
Shehory O, Sturm A, editors. Agent-Oriented Software Engineering: Reflections on Architectures, Methodologies, Languages, and Frameworks. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Otto C, Holz M, Barth G. Production of Organic Acids by Yarrowia Lipolytica. In:. Barth G (ed). Yarrowia Lipolytica: Biotechnological Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2013; 137–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ergoscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. Ozone Layer Showing Signs Of Recovery. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Modernization: IRS’ Redesign of Its Tax Administration System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dill KD. Nonparametric Alternative to Poly-k Test in Animal Tumorigenicity Studies. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Again Faces Draft Issue As He Returns to New Hampshire. New York Times 1992: 120.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleergoscience
ISSN (print)1861-6348
ISSN (online)1861-6356

Other styles