How to format your references using the EPJ Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EPJ Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brower AVZ (2004) Comment on “Molecular phylogenies link rates of evolution and speciation” (II). Science 303:173; author reply 173
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexander M, Christia F (2011) Context modularity of human altruism. Science 334:1392–1394
A journal article with 3 authors
Chave J, Alonso D, Etienne RS (2006) Theoretical biology: comparing models of species abundance. Nature 441:E1; discussion E1-2
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Caspi A, McClay J, Moffitt TE, et al (2002) Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated children. Science 297:851–854

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsch R (2017) Convergence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Garvis S, Pendergast D (2016) Asia-Pacific Perspectives on Teacher Self-Efficacy. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Moser ML, Almeida PR, Kemp PS, Sorensen PW (2015) Lamprey Spawning Migration. In: Docker MF (ed) Lampreys: Biology, Conservation and Control: Volume 1. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 215–263

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EPJ Data Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) The Mystery Of Knut The Polar Bear’s Death May Have Been Solved. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) New Chicago-Area Airport: Site Comparison, Selection Process, and Federal Funding. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee SB (2009) Localizing the effects of link flooding attacks in the Internet. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kantor J, Abrams R, Haberman M (2017) A First Daughter Assembling a Vast Portfolio. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEPJ Data Science
AbbreviationEPJ Data Sci.
ISSN (online)2193-1127

Other styles