How to format your references using the EPJ Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EPJ Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dunbar R (2003) Psychology. Evolution of the social brain. Science 302:1160–1161
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
de Brito OM, Scorrano L (2008) Mitofusin 2 tethers endoplasmic reticulum to mitochondria. Nature 456:605–610
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
David SS, O’Shea VL, Kundu S (2007) Base-excision repair of oxidative DNA damage. Nature 447:941–950
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Yu J, Sadhukhan S, Noriega LG, et al (2013) Metabolic characterization of a Sirt5 deficient mouse model. Sci Rep 3:2806

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
McLeish B (2010) Successful Marketing Strategies for Nonprofit Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Nerem RM, Loring J, McDevitt TC, et al (2014) Stem Cell Engineering: A WTEC Global Assessment. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Most MJ, Sim FH (2016) Limb Salvage in Skeletally Immature Patients with Extremity Sarcoma. In: San-Julian M (ed) Cañadell’s Pediatric Bone Sarcomas: Epiphysiolysis before Excision. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 75–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EPJ Data Science.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2017) Arecibo Improves On The Measurement Of The Fine Structure Constant. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/arecibo-improves-on-the-measurement-of-the-fine-structure-constant/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2008) Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Has Strengthened Planning to Guide Investments in Key Aviation Security Programs, but More Work Remains. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chapman TW (2017) Evaluating the δ13C Value of n-Alkanes as a Recorder of Atmospheric Chemistry. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
MacFARQUHAR N (2016) Russia, Jailer of Local Separatists, Hosts Foreign Ones. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEPJ Data Science
AbbreviationEPJ Data Sci.
ISSN (online)2193-1127
Scope

Other styles