How to format your references using the American Journal of Plant Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Plant Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sibley, C.H. (2015) Infectious Diseases. Understanding Artemisinin Resistance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347, 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wickware, P. and Smaglik, P. (2001) Labs and Companies Seek Their Niches as Work Continues after the Draft. Nature, 409, 961–963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navrotsky, A., Mazeina, L. and Majzlan, J. (2008) Size-Driven Structural and Thermodynamic Complexity in Iron Oxides. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319, 1635–1638.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Yokoya, T., Nakamura, T., Matsushita, T., Muro, T., Takano, Y., Nagao, M., Takenouchi, T., Kawarada, H. and Oguchi, T. (2005) Origin of the Metallic Properties of Heavily Boron-Doped Superconducting Diamond. Nature, 438, 647–650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyer, V.R. (2013) Pitfalls and Errors of HPLC in Pictures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Kapidakis, S., Mazurek, C. and Werla, M., Eds. (2015) Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 19th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, TPDL 2015, Poznań, Poland, September 14-18, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cortier, V. (2009) Verification of Security Protocols. In: Jones, N.D. and Müller-Olm, M., Eds., Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 10th International Conference, VMCAI 2009, Savannah, GA, USA, January 18-20, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 5–13.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Plant Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, March 1) NASA Satellite Provides Global Precipitation Map And 3D Video Of Winter Storm. IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981) Opportunities Still Exist To Better Use the Mint’s Data Processing Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yoon, Y. (2010) Nano-Tribology of Discrete Track Recording Media. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Borden, S. (2015, April 9) Cypriot Soccer: Bombed Cars 6, the Referees 0. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Plant Sciences
AbbreviationAm. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)2158-2742
ISSN (online)2158-2750

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