How to format your references using the American Journal of Plant Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Plant Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kubas, G.J. (2006) Chemistry. Breaking the H2 Marriage and Reuniting the Couple. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314, 1096–1097.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilkinson, K. and Hershko, A. (2015) Irwin Allan Rose (1926-2015). Nature, 523, 532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohse, D., Schmitz, B. and Versluis, M. (2001) Snapping Shrimp Make Flashing Bubbles. Nature, 413, 477–478.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Li, B., Song, Z., Li, Z., Wang, H., Gui, R. and Song, R. (2014) Phylogenetic Variation of Phytolith Carbon Sequestration in Bamboos. Scientific reports, 4, 4710.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cruz, M.G., Peters, G.W. and Shevchenko, P.V. (2015) Fundamental Aspects of Operational Risk and Insurance Analytics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Murschetz, P., Ed. (2013) State Aid for Newspapers: Theories, Cases, Actions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hornung, V., Barchet, W., Schlee, M. and Hartmann, G. (2008) RNA Recognition via TLR7 and TLR8. In: Bauer, S. and Hartmann, G., Eds., Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) and Innate Immunity, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Plant Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, December 22) Some Dinosaurs Lost Their Teeth As They Matured. IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977) Administration of Family Planning Grants Awarded to Genesee Family Planning Program, Inc. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marjanovic, S.Y. (2016) The Role of the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein in Regulating T Cell Programmed Cell Death Mechanisms and Implications for Autoimmunity in the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fox, M. (2014, July 2) Anatoly Kornukov, 72; Led Russian Air Force. New York Times, B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Plant Sciences
AbbreviationAm. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)2158-2742
ISSN (online)2158-2750

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