How to format your references using the American Journal of Plant Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Plant Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cowburn, R.P. (2006) Applied Physics. Where Have All the Transistors Gone? Science (New York, N.Y.), 311, 183–184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goswami, P. and Baruah, J. (2014) Quantitative Assessment of Relative Roles of Drivers of Acute Respiratory Diseases. Scientific reports, 4, 6532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grünwald, D., Singer, R.H. and Rout, M. (2011) Nuclear Export Dynamics of RNA-Protein Complexes. Nature, 475, 333–341.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rabinowitz, D., Helin, E., Lawrence, K. and Pravdo, S. (2000) A Reduced Estimate of the Number of Kilometre-Sized near-Earth Asteroids. Nature, 403, 165–166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaufman, J.J. and Woodhead, R. (2006) Stimulating Innovation in Products and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cormode, G. and Thottan, M., Eds. (2010) Algorithms for Next Generation Networks. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Lepperdinger, G. (2016) Ageing of the Stem Cells: The Conjoined Twosome Growing Old: Stem Cell and Its Niche. In: Rattan, S.I.S. and Hayflick, L., Eds., Cellular Ageing and Replicative Senescence, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 71–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Plant Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, November 21) Town In New Zealand Builds An Underpass To Save Their Tiny Penguins. IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988) Airspace Use: FAA Needs to Improve Its Management of Special Use Airspace. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, M.K. (2012) A Study of At-Risk Students’ Perceptions of an Online Academic Credit Recovery Program in an Urban North Texas Independent School District. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, April 17) Fittingly, a Frank Finale for ‘Girls.’ New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Plant Sciences
AbbreviationAm. J. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)2158-2742
ISSN (online)2158-2750

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