How to format your references using the Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Corbel S. Astronomy. Watching black holes spin. Science. 2004;303:1480–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Marone C, Richardson E. Geophysics. Do earthquakes rupture piece by piece or all together? Science. 2006;313:1748–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sia GM, Clem RL, Huganir RL. The human language-associated gene SRPX2 regulates synapse formation and vocalization in mice. Science. 2013;342:987–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang K, Wang L, Hu Z, Cheng F, Chen J. Ultrasmall Li2S nanoparticles anchored in graphene nanosheets for high-energy lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6467.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Vilensky JA, Robertson WM, Suárez-Quian CA. The Clinical Anatomy of the Cranial Nerves. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Okada A, Buckingham Shum SJ, Sherborne T, editors. Knowledge Cartography: Software Tools and Mapping Techniques. 2nd ed. 2014. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kota CR, Chaitanya K. Noval Asynchronous Addition Architectures for Portable Applications. In: Shetty NR, Prasad NH, Nalini N, editors. Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications: ERCICA 2015, Volume 1. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Why Do You Need Permission To Land On The Moon? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Comments on Deletion of FTS 2000 Provision from 1996 Appropriation Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Jul. Report No.: B-261944.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Glock M. Cultural futuristics: Bringing consciousness to cultural complexes and soul to scenario based planning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kang C. What’s at Stake in the Discussions Between Comcast, Charter and Sprint. New York Times. 2017 Jun 27;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences
AbbreviationAdv. Model. Simul. Eng. Sci.
ISSN (online)2213-7467

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