How to format your references using the Environmental Values citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Values. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walther, G.-R. 2007. Ecology. Tackling ecological complexity in climate impact research. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5812): 606–607.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson, M.I., and Wilson, R.J. 2002. A topographically forced asymmetry in the martian circulation and climate. Nature 416 (6878): 298–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
Han, Y., Bai, T., and Liu, W. 2014. Controlled heterogeneous stem cell differentiation on a shape memory hydrogel surface. Scientific reports 4: 5815.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Feng, Y., Yang, J., Liu, H., Ye, F., and Yang, J. 2014. Selective electrocatalysts toward a prototype of the membraneless direct methanol fuel cell. Scientific reports 4: 3813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Esmailzadeh, R. (2006). Broadband Wireless Communications Business. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Anjum, N.A., Chan, M.-T., and Umar, S. eds. (2010). Ascorbate-Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Rebeiro, C., Mukhopadhyay, D., and Bhattacharya, S. 2015 Advanced Time-Driven Cache Attacks on Block Ciphers In D Mukhopadhyay, and S Bhattacharya (eds.), Timing Channels in Cryptography: A Micro-Architectural Perspective, pp. 71–80. Springer International Publishing: Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Values.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. ‘Research Reveals How Discrimination Damages Health Of Transgender People’IFLScience. Online at (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs (2013). 2013. Ed. Government Accountability Office. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguirre, I. 2009. Policy analysis of the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2010. Sports Take Him Away; Smells Bring Him Home. New York Times, Dec. 26:SP9. .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walther, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Richardson and Wilson, 2002; Walther, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richardson and Wilson, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Feng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Values
AbbreviationEnviron. Values
ISSN (print)0963-2719
General Environmental Science

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