How to format your references using the Environmental Values citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Values. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick, A. 2012. Environment and genetics: Making sense of the noise. Nature 485 (7400): S64-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ju, T., and Cummings, R.D. 2005. Protein glycosylation: chaperone mutation in Tn syndrome. Nature 437 (7063): 1252.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, D.Y.-W., Huang, S., and Chen, J. 2015. Crystal structures of a polypeptide processing and secretion transporter. Nature 523 (7561): 425–430.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kuang, C., Li, S., Liu, W., Hao, X., Gu, Z., Wang, Y., Ge, J., Li, H., and Liu, X. 2013. Breaking the diffraction barrier using fluorescence emission difference microscopy. Scientific reports 3: 1441.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bouvier, J.-M., and Campanella, O.H. (2014). Extrusion Processing Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Andrews, G.E. (2005). Ramanujan’s Lost Notebook: Part I. B Berndt (ed.). Springer: New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Zaumseil, M., von Vacano, M., and Schwarz, S. 2014 Contextualizing the Research: Introduction to the Case Study in Java, Indonesia In M Zaumseil, S Schwarz, M von Vacano, GB Sullivan, and JE Prawitasari-Hadiyono (eds.), Cultural Psychology of Coping with Disasters: The Case of an Earthquake in Java, Indonesia, pp. 105–127. Springer: New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Values.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2015. ‘This Single Image Contains 6 Celestial Phenomena. How Many Can You Name?’IFLScience. Online at (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
ICBM Modernization: Availability Problems and Flight Test Delays in Peacekeeper Program (1989). 1989. Ed. Government Accountability Office. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kashyap, S.K. 2017. Bit Error Rate Performance of 4x2 Space-Time MIMO-OFDM Conjugate Cancellation Techniques. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leibovich, M. 2014. The Real House Candidates of Beverly Hills. New York Times, Apr. 24:MM22. .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petherick, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ju and Cummings, 2005; Petherick, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ju and Cummings, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Values
AbbreviationEnviron. Values
ISSN (print)0963-2719
General Environmental Science

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