How to format your references using the Environmental Values citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Values. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elliott, T. 2002. ‘Geophysics. Caught offside’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5552): 55–57
A journal article with 2 authors
Srinivasan, K., and Painter, O. 2007. ‘Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdisk-quantum dot system’. Nature 450 (7171): 862–865
A journal article with 3 authors
Squartini, T., van Lelyveld, I., and Garlaschelli, D. 2013. ‘Early-warning signals of topological collapse in interbank networks’. Scientific reports 3: 3357
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, J.-T., Chen, C., Wang, E., and Kawazoe, Y. 2014. ‘A new carbon allotrope with six-fold helical chains in all-sp2 bonding networks’. Scientific reports 4: 4339

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ford, I. (2013). Statistical Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Güçlü, A.D. (2014). Graphene Quantum Dots. P. Potasz, M. Korkusinski and P. Hawrylak (eds.). (NanoScience and Technology). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Karasu, T., and Ola, B. 2015 ‘Endometrioma and Infertility: Principles and Techniques of Management’. In M. Metwally and T.-C. Li (eds.), Reproductive Surgery in Assisted Conception, pp. 37–41. Springer: London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Values.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015. ‘The Two-Spot Octopus Can See Without Eyes’IFLScience. Online at (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Shared Resources Project: Evaluation Report. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gaete, D.O. 2009. Investigation of intuitive eating after intervention measured by the Intuitive Eating Scale. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 2012. All-American Match, All-American Ending. New York Times, Aug. 9:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elliott, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Elliott, 2002; Srinivasan and Painter, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Srinivasan and Painter, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Values
AbbreviationEnviron. Values
ISSN (print)0963-2719
General Environmental Science

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