How to format your references using the Environmental Values citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Values. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weertman, J.R. 2012. ‘Materials science. Retaining the nano in nanocrystalline alloys’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6097): 921–922
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonn, D., and Denn, M.M. 2009. ‘Materials science. Yield stress fluids slowly yield to analysis’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5933): 1401–1402
A journal article with 3 authors
Thornalley, D.J.R., Elderfield, H., and McCave, I.N. 2009. ‘Holocene oscillations in temperature and salinity of the surface subpolar North Atlantic’. Nature 457 (7230): 711–714
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, B., Côté, A.P., Furukawa, H., O’Keeffe, M., and Yaghi, O.M. 2008. ‘Colossal cages in zeolitic imidazolate frameworks as selective carbon dioxide reservoirs’. Nature 453 (7192): 207–211

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chaskalson, M. (2011). The Mindful Workplace. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Camurri, A., and Costa, C. eds. (2012). Intelligent Technologies for Interactive Entertainment: 4th International ICST Conference, INTETAIN 2011, Genova, Italy, May 25-27, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. v.78. (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Norman, R., Le Marshall, J., Zhang, K., Wang, C.S., Carter, B.A., Li, Y., and Gordon, S. 2014 ‘Simulating GPS Radio Occultation Using 3-D Ray Tracing’. In C. Rizos and P. Willis (eds.), Earth on the Edge: Science for a Sustainable Planet: Proceedings of the IAG General Assembly, Melbourne, Australia, June 28 - July 2, 2011, pp. 27–30. (International Association of Geodesy Symposia). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Values.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. ‘World’s Oldest Broken Bone Pushes Back Our Transition to Land by Two Million Years’IFLScience. Online at (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Health Care: National Strategy Needed to Accelerate the Implementation of Information Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, N.C. 2010. The association between rheumatoid arthritis, bone strength, and body composition within the women’s health initiative. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. 2011. A County In Alabama Puts Off Bankruptcy. New York Times, Aug. 13:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weertman, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bonn and Denn, 2009; Weertman, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bonn and Denn, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Values
AbbreviationEnviron. Values
ISSN (print)0963-2719
General Environmental Science

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