How to format your references using the Environmental Values citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Values. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tokano, T. 2011. ‘Planetary science. Precipitation climatology on Titan’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6023): 1393–1394
A journal article with 2 authors
Munshi, N.V., and Olson, E.N. 2014. ‘Translational medicine. Improving cardiac rhythm with a biological pacemaker’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6194): 268–269
A journal article with 3 authors
Huey, D.J., Hu, J.C., and Athanasiou, K.A. 2012. ‘Unlike bone, cartilage regeneration remains elusive’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6109): 917–921
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Naveilhan, P., Hassani, H., Lucas, G., Blakeman, K.H., Hao, J.X., Xu, X.J., Wiesenfeld-Hallin, Z., Thorén, P., and Ernfors, P. 2001. ‘Reduced antinociception and plasma extravasation in mice lacking a neuropeptide Y receptor’. Nature 409 (6819): 513–517

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tran, J. (2010). The Vietnam War and Theologies of Memory. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Park, Y., and Adachi, F. eds. (2007). Enhanced Radio Access Technologies for Next Generation Mobile Communication. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Herrington, G. 2011 ‘Interoperability - A Requirement for Tackling Gun Crime’. In B. Akhgar and S. Yates (eds.), Intelligence Management: Knowledge Driven Frameworks for Combating Terrorism and Organized Crime, pp. 49–60. (Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing). Springer: London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Values.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. ‘Schrödinger’s Cat Is Dead And Alive In Two Boxes At Once’IFLScience. Online at (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2007 Expenditure Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brawley, K. 2010. A nutrition and physical activity curriculum for pregnant women. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O. 2015. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, Dec. 4:C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tokano, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Tokano, 2011; Munshi and Olson, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Munshi and Olson, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Naveilhan et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Values
AbbreviationEnviron. Values
ISSN (print)0963-2719
General Environmental Science

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