How to format your references using the Environmental Technology Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Technology Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Stapnes S. Detector challenges at the LHC. Nature. 2007;448:290–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gribble PL, Scott SH. Overlap of internal models in motor cortex for mechanical loads during reaching. Nature. 2002;417:938–941.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wolfe JM, Horowitz TS, Kenner NM. Cognitive psychology: rare items often missed in visual searches. Nature. 2005;435:439–440.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Karlas A, Machuy N, Shin Y, et al. Genome-wide RNAi screen identifies human host factors crucial for influenza virus replication. Nature. 2010;463:818–822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chu PP. FPGA Prototyping by Verilog Examples. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Gelenbe E, Lent R, Sakellari G, et al., editors. Computer and Information Sciences: Proceedings of the 25th International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Corrigan O, Smeaton AF, Glynn M, et al. Using Educational Analytics to Improve Test Performance. In: Conole G, Klobučar T, Rensing C, et al., editors. Design for Teaching and Learning in a Networked World: 10th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2015, Toledo, Spain, September 15-18, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 42–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Technology Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Strangest Genitals In The Animal Kingdom [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/strangest-genitals-animal-kingdom/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Assessing the Relationship between Education and the Workforce. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014. Report No.: GAO-14-374. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Driskill KM. A qualitative study of teacher understanding and use of differentiated instruction to promote reading achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Parade of Poor Play. New York Times. 2009 Nov 11;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Technology Reviews
AbbreviationEnviron. Technol. Rev.
ISSN (print)2162-2515
ISSN (online)2162-2523
Scope

Other styles