How to format your references using the Environmental Technology Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Technology Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger K. Access delayed. Nature. 2003;422:96–97.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suarez RK, Jones DR. Obituary: Peter W. Hochachka (1937-2002). Nature. 2002;420:140.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dietz T, Ostrom E, Stern PC. The struggle to govern the commons. Science. 2003;302:1907–1912.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Del Monte-Nieto G, Ramialison M, Adam AAS, et al. Control of cardiac jelly dynamics by NOTCH1 and NRG1 defines the building plan for trabeculation. Nature. 2018;557:439–445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGeough JA. The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Campos P, Huntsinger L, Oviedo Pro JL, et al., editors. Mediterranean Oak Woodland Working Landscapes: Dehesas of Spain and Ranchlands of California. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Chryssolouris G, Mavrikios D, Pappas M. A Web and Virtual Reality Based Paradigm for Collaborative Management and Verification of Design Knowledge. In: Bernard A, Tichkiewitch S, editors. Methods and Tools for Effective Knowledge Life-Cycle-Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 91–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Technology Reviews.

Blog post
Hale T. The Gender Gap Of Alcohol Consumption Has Almost Disappeared. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Indoor Pollution: Status of Federal Research Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999. Report No.: RCED-99-254. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee CM. Principals’ Understanding of Teacher Evaluations Connected to the Colorado Student Assessment Program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder SKC by L. Arts, Briefly; Can They Make Book on Dostoyevsky? New York Times. 2005 Mar 4;E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Technology Reviews
AbbreviationEnviron. Technol. Rev.
ISSN (print)2162-2515
ISSN (online)2162-2523

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