How to format your references using the Environmental Technology Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Technology Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldstein RH. Paleoenvironment. Clues from fluid inclusions. Science. 2001;294:1009–1011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dupuy TJ, Kraus AL. Distances, luminosities, and temperatures of the coldest known substellar objects. Science. 2013;341:1492–1495.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grzybowski BA, Stone HA, Whitesides GM. Dynamic self-assembly of magnetized, millimetre-sized objects rotating at a liquid-air interface. Nature. 2000;405:1033–1036.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bottke WF, Nesvorný D, Grimm RE, et al. Iron meteorites as remnants of planetesimals formed in the terrestrial planet region. Nature. 2006;439:821–824.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibe OC. Fundamentals of Stochastic Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Blum AF. Fire Hazard Assessment of Lithium Ion Battery Energy Storage Systems. Long RT Jr, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Baust JM, Corwin WL, VanBuskirk R, et al. Biobanking: The Future of Cell Preservation Strategies. In: Karimi-Busheri F, editor. Biobanking in the 21st Century. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 37–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Technology Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E. Camelopardalid Meteor Shower Peaks Tonight [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of Expenditures of Federal Funds Granted Under the Community Service and Continuing Education Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970. Report No.: B-164031(1). .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy-Reid SK. Exploring the Habitus: A Phenomenological Study of Transformative Learning Processes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS. Trump Appealed to Comey to Halt Inquiry Into Aide. New York Times. 2017 May 16;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Technology Reviews
AbbreviationEnviron. Technol. Rev.
ISSN (print)2162-2515
ISSN (online)2162-2523

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