How to format your references using the Human Movement Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Movement Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korgel, B. A. (2005). Materials science. Nanosprings take shape. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5741), 1683–1684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chisholm, J. R., & Kelley, R. (2001). Worms start the reef-building process. Nature, 409(6817), 152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cao, A., Romanowicz, B., & Takeuchi, N. (2005). An observation of PKJKP: inferences on inner core shear properties. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5727), 1453–1455.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Thornton, J. A., Kercher, J. P., Riedel, T. P., Wagner, N. L., Cozic, J., Holloway, J. S., … Brown, S. S. (2010). A large atomic chlorine source inferred from mid-continental reactive nitrogen chemistry. Nature, 464(7286), 271–274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilhus, N. E., Barnes, M. P., & Brainin, M. (2010). European Handbook of Neurological Management. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Leseva Adams, R. (2016). Migrating to Swift from Flash and ActionScript. (H. Lesev, Ed.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Hadar, Y., & Cullen, D. (2013). 5 Organopollutant Degradation by Wood Decay Basidiomycetes. In F. Kempken (Ed.), Agricultural Applications (pp. 115–141). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Movement Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 13). Why Do All Airplane Windows Have A Tiny Hole In Them? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Federal Research: Superconducting Super Collider’s Total Estimated Cost Will Exceed $11 Billion (No. T-RCED-93-57). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reich, J. C. (2010). An iterative feature perturbation method for gene selection from microarray data (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2012, June 21). A Big Push To Get Going. New York Times, p. E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Korgel, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Chisholm & Kelley, 2001; Korgel, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chisholm & Kelley, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Cao, Romanowicz, & Takeuchi, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Thornton et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Movement Science
AbbreviationHum. Mov. Sci.
ISSN (print)0167-9457
General Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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