How to format your references using the Human Movement Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Movement Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schubert, C. (2011). Single-cell analysis: The deepest differences. Nature, 480(7375), 133–137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bruick, R. K., & McKnight, S. L. (2002). Transcription. Oxygen sensing gets a second wind. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5556), 807–808.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhode, S. C., Pawlowski, M., & Tollrian, R. (2001). The impact of ultraviolet radiation on the vertical distribution of zooplankton of the genus Daphnia. Nature, 412(6842), 69–72.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shao, Y., Zhang, L., Hao, X., Wu, Y., Dai, Y., Tian, Y., & Huo, Q. (2014). Large area stress distribution in crystalline materials calculated from lattice deformation identified by electron backscatter diffraction. Scientific Reports, 4, 5934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flaus, J.-M. (2013). Risk Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Badescu, V., & Zacny, K. (Eds.). (2015). Inner Solar System: Prospective Energy and Material Resources. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Giosa, M. D. (2007). First Contact Distribution Function Estimation for a Partially Observed Dynamic Germ-Grain Model with Renewal Dropping Process. In G. Aletti, A. Micheletti, D. Morale, & M. Burger (Eds.), Math Everywhere: Deterministic and Stochastic Modelling in Biomedicine, Economics and Industry. Dedicated to the 60th Birthday of Vincenzo Capasso (pp. 51–62). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Movement Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, December 27). How Do Blue Eyes Get Their Color? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Electronic Government: Progress in Promoting Adoption of Smart Card Technology (GAO-03-144). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
So, R. J. (2010). Coolie democracy: U.S.-China political and literary exchange, 1925-1955 [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bosman, J., & Chokshi, N. (2017, October 11). In Historic Shift, Boy Scouts Will Accept Girls. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schubert, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bruick & McKnight, 2002; Schubert, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bruick & McKnight, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Rhode et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Movement Science
AbbreviationHum. Mov. Sci.
ISSN (print)0167-9457
General Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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