How to format your references using the Human Movement Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Movement Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolpert, A. J. (2002). The future of electronic data. Nature, 420(6911), 17–18.
A journal article with 2 authors
Halfmann, R., & Lindquist, S. (2010). Epigenetics in the extreme: prions and the inheritance of environmentally acquired traits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6004), 629–632.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marinova, M. M., Aharonson, O., & Asphaug, E. (2008). Mega-impact formation of the Mars hemispheric dichotomy. Nature, 453(7199), 1216–1219.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hanikenne, M., Talke, I. N., Haydon, M. J., Lanz, C., Nolte, A., Motte, P., Kroymann, J., Weigel, D., & Krämer, U. (2008). Evolution of metal hyperaccumulation required cis-regulatory changes and triplication of HMA4. Nature, 453(7193), 391–395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Di Stefano, M. (2005). Distributed Data Management for Grid Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schütze, O., Coello Coello, C. A., Tantar, A.-A., Tantar, E., Bouvry, P., Del Moral, P., & Legrand, P. (Eds.). (2013). EVOLVE - A Bridge between Probability, Set Oriented Numerics, and Evolutionary Computation II (Vol. 175). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ballenger, C. (2007). Teaching as Research: Puzzling Over Words with Fourth Graders. In D. Thiessen & A. Cook-Sather (Eds.), International Handbook of Student Experience in Elementary and Secondary School (pp. 99–114). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Movement Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 16). Doctors Find 150 Worms Living Inside A Woman’s Stomach. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Need for a National Ocean Program and Plan (GGD-75-97). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton, L. M. (2012). Factors Affecting Quality Discourse and Knowledge Construction in an Online University Course [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cyran, R., & Hay, G. (2010, September 8). A New Lieutenant For Ellison’s War. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wolpert, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Halfmann & Lindquist, 2010; Wolpert, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Halfmann & Lindquist, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Marinova et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hanikenne et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Movement Science
AbbreviationHum. Mov. Sci.
ISSN (print)0167-9457
General Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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