How to format your references using the Atmospheric Environment: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Environment: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wellman, B., 2001. Computer networks as social networks. Science 293, 2031–2034.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crickmore, M.A., Mann, R.S., 2006. Hox control of organ size by regulation of morphogen production and mobility. Science 313, 63–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hatano, T., Stopa, M., Tarucha, S., 2005. Single-electron delocalization in hybrid vertical-lateral double quantum dots. Science 309, 268–271.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stevens, J., Corper, A.L., Basler, C.F., Taubenberger, J.K., Palese, P., Wilson, I.A., 2004. Structure of the uncleaved human H1 hemagglutinin from the extinct 1918 influenza virus. Science 303, 1866–1870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doldi, L., 2005. Validation of Communications Systems with SDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Alpay, D., Cipriani, F., Colombo, F., Guido, D., Sabadini, I., Sauvageot, J.-L. (Eds.), 2016. Noncommutative Analysis, Operator Theory and Applications, Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Izmailov, I., Poizner, B., Romanov, I., Smolskiy, S., 2016. Optical Vortices in Ring and Non-ring Interferometers and a Model of the Digital Communication System, in: Poizner, B., Romanov, I., Smolskiy, S. (Eds.), Cryptology Transmitted Message Protection: From Deterministic Chaos up to Optical Vortices, Signals and Communication Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 259–332.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Environment: X.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Brian Cox Explains Why We Haven’t Seen Aliens Yet – And It Isn’t Pretty [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. National Airspace System: Improved Budgeting Could Help FAA Better Determine Future Operations and Maintenance Priorities (No. GAO-13-693). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cortez, A., 2017. Life Is A Highway: Finding Your Way and Finding the Words (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Gertrude of Arabia. New York Times C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wellman, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Crickmore and Mann, 2006; Wellman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crickmore and Mann, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Stevens et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Environment: X
ISSN (print)2590-1621

Other styles