How to format your references using the Atmospheric Environment: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Environment: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Albarède, F., 2008. Rogue mantle helium and neon. Science 319, 943–945.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen, J., Stewart, I., 2001. Where are the dolphins? Nature 409, 1119–1122.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shepherd, D.S., Claussen, M.J., Kurtz, S.E., 2001. Evidence for a solar system-size accretion disk around the massive protostar G192.16-3.82. Science 292, 1513–1518.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Murata, Y., Iwasaki, H., Sasaki, M., Inaba, K., Okamura, Y., 2005. Phosphoinositide phosphatase activity coupled to an intrinsic voltage sensor. Nature 435, 1239–1243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhao, G., 2017. Reuse and Recycling of Lithium-Ion Power Batteries. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Melillo, G. (Ed.), 2014. Hypoxia and Cancer: Biological Implications and Therapeutic Opportunities, Cancer Drug Discovery and Development. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Razeghi, M., Lu, Q., Bandyopadhyay, N., Slivken, S., Bai, Y., 2014. High Power, Narrow-Linewidth, and Compact Terahertz Sources for Room Temperature Applications, in: Corsi, C., Sizov, F. (Eds.), THz and Security Applications: Detectors, Sources and Associated Electronics for THz Applications, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 75–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Environment: X.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Explore Chernobyl In 360° Vision 30 Years On From The Nuclear Disaster [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. The School Dropout Problem (No. 129915). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, W., 2012. Diamagnetism of a supersonic rotating magnetized plasma (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2017. Family of Man Shot by Officer Settles Suit. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Albarède, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Albarède, 2008; Cohen and Stewart, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cohen and Stewart, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Murata et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Environment: X
ISSN (print)2590-1621

Other styles