How to format your references using the Atmospheric Environment: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Environment: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reed, J.C., 2011. Cancer. Priming cancer cells for death. Science 334, 1075–1076.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsou, M.-F.B., Stearns, T., 2006. Mechanism limiting centrosome duplication to once per cell cycle. Nature 442, 947–951.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, F., Martienssen, R., Cande, W.Z., 2011. Coordination of DNA replication and histone modification by the Rik1-Dos2 complex. Nature 475, 244–248.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xie, Z.-K., Huang, Q.-P., Huang, J., Xie, Z.-F., 2014. Association between the IL1B, IL1RN polymorphisms and COPD risk: a meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratliff, T.A., 2005. The Laboratory Quality Assurance System. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Padilla, A., 2011. Pro PHP Application Performance: Tuning PHP Web Projects for Maximum Performance. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Guex, J., Galster, F., Hammer, Ø., 2016. Transgressive-Regressive Cycles and Benthic Foraminifera, in: Galster, F., Hammer, Ø. (Eds.), Discrete Biochronological Time Scales. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Environment: X.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. The Daily Life Of A Neanderthal Revealed From The Gunk In Their Teeth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Congressional Relations Activities, 1950-1983: Smith Blair, Charles E. Eckert, Martin J. Fitzgerald, and L. Fred Thompson (No. OP-14-OH). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hamilton, S.M., 2015. An Investigation of the Mass Balance of Oil and Gas Produced Versus Estimated Reserves Remaining within the A.W.P. Field, McMullen County, Texas (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. A Star Is Born (and Born and Born). New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reed, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Reed, 2011; Tsou and Stearns, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsou and Stearns, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Xie et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Environment: X
ISSN (print)2590-1621

Other styles