How to format your references using the Acta Physiologiae Plantarum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hejtmancik JF (2015) Ophthalmology: Cataracts dissolved. Nature 523:540–541
A journal article with 2 authors
Orlando L, Willerslev E (2014) Evolution. An epigenetic window into the past? Science 345:511–512
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen D-B, Xiao R, Zeng A (2014) Predicting the evolution of spreading on complex networks. Sci Rep 4:6108
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ishii D, Horiguchi H, Hirai Y, et al (2013) Water transport mechanism through open capillaries analyzed by direct surface modifications on biological surfaces. Sci Rep 3:3024

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balfour A (2012) Solomon’s Temple. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Sawai M (ed) (2016) Economic Activities Under the Japanese Colonial Empire. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Zhaochun W (2011) A Path Out of the Management Theory Jungle: In: Dai M (ed) Innovative Computing and Information: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011. Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 26–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Physiologiae Plantarum.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) How Trauma Early In Life Influences Later Behavior. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Better Prepare for Impending Wave of Controller Attrition. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clovis DJ (2010) The thayer valve and its effect on a generation and beyond. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bittman M (2012) Heavenly Earth. New York Times MM50

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hejtmancik 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Orlando and Willerslev 2014; Hejtmancik 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Orlando and Willerslev 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishii et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Physiologiae Plantarum
AbbreviationActa Physiol. Plant
ISSN (print)0137-5881
ISSN (online)1861-1664
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

Other styles