How to format your references using the Acta Physiologiae Plantarum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolan L (2007) Plant science. SCARECROWs at the border. Science 316:377–378
A journal article with 2 authors
Shields GA, Kasting JF (2007) Palaeoclimatology: evidence for hot early oceans? Nature 447:E1; discussion E1-2
A journal article with 3 authors
Bruskotter JT, Enzler SA, Treves A (2011) Science and law. Rescuing wolves from politics: wildlife as a public trust resource. Science 333:1828–1829
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lim MM, Wang Z, Olazábal DE, et al (2004) Enhanced partner preference in a promiscuous species by manipulating the expression of a single gene. Nature 429:754–757

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wahbi M (2013) Algorithms and Ordering Heuristics for Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Pallotta V, Soro A, Vargiu E (eds) (2011) Advances in Distributed Agent-Based Retrieval Tools. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Boixadera J, Antúnez M, Poch RM (2008) Soil Evolution Along a Toposequence on Glacial and Periglacial Materials in the Pyrenees Range. In: Kapur S, Mermut A, Stoops G (eds) New Trends in Soil Micromorphology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 39–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Physiologiae Plantarum.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) What You See Is Not Always What You Get: How Virtual Reality Can Manipulate Our Minds. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Highway Signs: Conversion to Metric Units Could Be Costly. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards DH (2017) Why Do They Get High?: An Examination of Social Bond Theory and Substance Use in College. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Southall A, Baker AL (2016) Social Circles Collide on the Dance Floor. Then, a Deadly Brawl. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolan 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Dolan 2007; Shields and Kasting 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shields and Kasting 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Lim et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Physiologiae Plantarum
AbbreviationActa Physiol. Plant
ISSN (print)0137-5881
ISSN (online)1861-1664
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

Other styles