How to format your references using the Acta Physiologiae Plantarum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liljas A (2008) Biochemistry. Getting close to termination. Science 322:863–865
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemmer P, Wrachtrup J (2009) Physics. Where is my quantum computer? Science 324:473–474
A journal article with 3 authors
Bergmann DC, Lukowitz W, Somerville CR (2004) Stomatal development and pattern controlled by a MAPKK kinase. Science 304:1494–1497
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jeong DW, Choi WS, Okamoto S, et al (2014) Dimensionality control of d-orbital occupation in oxide superlattices. Sci Rep 4:6124

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barone S, Franco EL (2012) Statistical and Managerial Techniques for Six Sigma Methodology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ganai MK (2007) SAT-Based Scalable Formal Verification Solutions. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Miftahof RN, Nam HG (2013) Continual Model of the Detrusor. In: Nam HG (ed) Biomechanics of the Human Urinary Bladder. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Physiologiae Plantarum.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Tobacco Kills Two Out of Three Smokers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Competition: Information on Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall MH (2006) Information Technology Certification Programs and Perceptions of Attitude and Need by High School Principals, Information Technology Teachers, and Information Technology Professionals in Ohio. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) ‘Walking Dead’ Producers Sue Its Network. New York Times B5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liljas 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Liljas 2008; Hemmer and Wrachtrup 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hemmer and Wrachtrup 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Jeong et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Physiologiae Plantarum
AbbreviationActa Physiol. Plant
ISSN (print)0137-5881
ISSN (online)1861-1664
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

Other styles