How to format your references using the Acta Physiologiae Plantarum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Di Noia JM (2015) Molecular biology: Unequal opportunity during class switching. Nature 525:44–45
A journal article with 2 authors
Lorincz A, Nusser Z (2010) Molecular identity of dendritic voltage-gated sodium channels. Science 328:906–909
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy S, Wang D, Ruvkun G (2004) A conserved siRNA-degrading RNase negatively regulates RNA interference in C. elegans. Nature 427:645–649
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Schumacher MA, Miller MC, Grkovic S, et al (2001) Structural mechanisms of QacR induction and multidrug recognition. Science 294:2158–2163

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vinod HD, Reagle DP (2004) Preparing for the Worst: Incorporating Downside Risk in Stock Market Investments. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gornitzka Å, Langfeldt L (eds) (2008) Borderless Knowledge: Understanding the “New” Internationalisation of Research and Higher Education in Norway. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Hultmark M, Leftwich M, Smits AJ (2010) Flowfield measurements in the wake of a robotic lamprey. In: Taylor GK, Triantafyllou MS, Tropea C (eds) Animal Locomotion. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Physiologiae Plantarum.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Researchers Create An Artificial Skin That Can Sense Changes In Temperature. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership Needed to Avoid Disruption of Essential Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kyriacou A (2011) A method of verification of the total treatment time for the APBI (Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation) devices: Contura Multilumen Balloon and SAVI applicator. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) Failure Is an Art Form. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Di Noia 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lorincz and Nusser 2010; Di Noia 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lorincz and Nusser 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Schumacher et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Physiologiae Plantarum
AbbreviationActa Physiol. Plant
ISSN (print)0137-5881
ISSN (online)1861-1664
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

Other styles