How to format your references using the Acta Physiologiae Plantarum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michaels AF (2007) Ocean science. Highly active eddies. Science 316:992–993
A journal article with 2 authors
Hupp JT, Poeppelmeier KR (2005) Chemistry. Better living through nanopore chemistry. Science 309:2008–2009
A journal article with 3 authors
Park ST, Kim SK, Kim MS (2002) Observation of conformation-specific pathways in the photodissociation of 1-iodopropane ions. Nature 415:306–308
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Goedert J, Lécuyer C, Amiot R, et al (2018) Euryhaline ecology of early tetrapods revealed by stable isotopes. Nature 558:68–72

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood J, Brown W, Howe H (2013) IT Auditing and Application Controls for Small and Mid-Sized Enterprises. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Alpay D, Cipriani F, Colombo F, et al (eds) (2016) Noncommutative Analysis, Operator Theory and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Barinova O, Lempitsky V, Tretiak E, Kohli P (2010) Geometric Image Parsing in Man-Made Environments. In: Daniilidis K, Maragos P, Paragios N (eds) Computer Vision – ECCV 2010: 11th European Conference on Computer Vision, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 5-11, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Physiologiae Plantarum.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Link Between Secondhand Smoke and Childhood Eczema Found. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s System of Accounting for Accounts Receivable. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu J (2010) Measurement, modeling, and synthesis of time-varying appearance of natural phenomena. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2000) What Rhymes With Asbestos? An Urban Musical in Three Acts. New York Times 148

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Michaels 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hupp and Poeppelmeier 2005; Michaels 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hupp and Poeppelmeier 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Goedert et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Physiologiae Plantarum
AbbreviationActa Physiol. Plant
ISSN (print)0137-5881
ISSN (online)1861-1664
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

Other styles