How to format your references using the Environmental Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vosshall LB (2007) Into the mind of a fly. Nature 450:193–197
A journal article with 2 authors
Karels TJ, Boonstra R (2000) Concurrent density dependence and independence in populations of arctic ground squirrels. Nature 408:460–463
A journal article with 3 authors
Villeneuve J, Chaussidon M, Libourel G (2009) Homogeneous distribution of 26Al in the solar system from the Mg isotopic composition of chondrules. Science 325:985–988
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wei W, Ayad NG, Wan Y, et al (2004) Degradation of the SCF component Skp2 in cell-cycle phase G1 by the anaphase-promoting complex. Nature 428:194–198

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov BM (2010) Cluster Processes in Gases and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Schrage N (2011) Chemical Ocular Burns: New Understanding and Treatments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Escalera S, Baró X, Pujol O, et al (2011) Traffic Sign Detection and Recognition System. In: Baró X, Pujol O, Vitrià J, Radeva P (eds) Traffic-Sign Recognition Systems. Springer, London, pp 81–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Processes.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Giant Pterosaurs May Have Been Munching On Human-Sized Dinosaurs. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/giant-pterosaurs-may-have-been-munching-on-dwarf-dinosaurs/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Air Traffic Control: Computer Capacity Shortfalls May Impair Flight Safety. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ziegler RT (2017) The Impact of Strategic Planning Involvement on Employee Engagement in a Federal Public Health Agency. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2009) Girardi Was Right, Manuel More So. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vosshall 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Karels and Boonstra 2000; Vosshall 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karels and Boonstra 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Processes
AbbreviationEnviron. Process.
ISSN (print)2198-7491
ISSN (online)2198-7505
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Pollution
Water Science and Technology

Other styles