How to format your references using the Environmental Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nathan C (2002) Points of control in inflammation. Nature 420:846–852
A journal article with 2 authors
Brumfiel G, Marris E (2006) Physics wins the US budget race. Nature 439:644–645
A journal article with 3 authors
Jedema FJ, Filip AT, van Wees BJ (2001) Electrical spin injection and accumulation at room temperature in an all-metal mesoscopic spin valve. Nature 410:345–348
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kühl M, Chen M, Ralph PJ, et al (2005) Ecology: a niche for cyanobacteria containing chlorophyll d. Nature 433:820

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estampe D (2014) Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Donati-Martin C, Lejay A, Rouault A (eds) (2014) Séminaire de Probabilités XLVI. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Burney T, Lock P (2007) Measuring Game-Play Performance and Perceived Immersion in a Domed Planetarium Projection Environment. In: Ma L, Rauterberg M, Nakatsu R (eds) Entertainment Computing – ICEC 2007: 6th International Conference, Shanghai, China, September 15-17, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 22–27

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Processes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Soft, Transparent Eggshell Gives Unprecedented Look At Embryonic Development. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Telecommunications: Financial Information on 16 Telephone and Cable Companies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehmeti A (2010) Intensive dramaturgical research facilitated the creation of the character Soran Saleen in “The Poetry of Pizza.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J, Martin J (2017) Kansas Republican Survives Tight Congressional Race to Win House Seat. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nathan 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Nathan 2002; Brumfiel and Marris 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brumfiel and Marris 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Kühl et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Processes
AbbreviationEnviron. Process.
ISSN (print)2198-7491
ISSN (online)2198-7505
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

Other styles