How to format your references using the Environmental Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wileman T (2006) Aggresomes and autophagy generate sites for virus replication. Science 312:875–878
A journal article with 2 authors
Bellingham JG, Rajan K (2007) Robotics in remote and hostile environments. Science 318:1098–1102
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakada D, Saunders TL, Morrison SJ (2010) Lkb1 regulates cell cycle and energy metabolism in haematopoietic stem cells. Nature 468:653–658
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Marlar RA, Leonard BL, Billman BR, et al (2000) Biochemical evidence of cannibalism at a prehistoric Puebloan site in southwestern Colorado. Nature 407:74–78

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ocic O (2004) Oil Refineries in the 21st Century. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Muneesawang P (2014) Multimedia Database Retrieval: Technology and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Öchsner A, Merkel M (2013) Bending Element. In: Merkel M (ed) One-Dimensional Finite Elements: An Introduction to the FE Method. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Processes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) No, Sunscreen Will Not Give You Cancer. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Emergency Communications: Various Challenges Likely to Slow Implementation of a Public Safety Broadband Network. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kratchman J (2017) Predicting Chronic Non-Cancer Toxicity Levels from Short-Term Toxicity Data. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J (2017) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wileman 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Wileman 2006; Bellingham and Rajan 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bellingham and Rajan 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Marlar et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Processes
AbbreviationEnviron. Process.
ISSN (print)2198-7491
ISSN (online)2198-7505
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Pollution
Water Science and Technology

Other styles