How to format your references using the Environmental Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman M (2007) A merger too far? Nature 446:15
A journal article with 2 authors
Eccleston A, Skipper M (2009) Transcribing the genome. Nature 461:185
A journal article with 3 authors
Solomon BR, Hyder MN, Varanasi KK (2014) Separating oil-water nanoemulsions using flux-enhanced hierarchical membranes. Sci Rep 4:5504
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Belin P, Zatorre RJ, Lafaille P, et al (2000) Voice-selective areas in human auditory cortex. Nature 403:309–312

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frueh BC, Grubaugh AL, Elhai JD, Ford JD (2012) Assessment and Treatment Planning for PTSD. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
An edited book
Dickerson JH, Boccaccini AR (eds) (2012) Electrophoretic Deposition of Nanomaterials. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Moot R, Retoré C (2012) The Non-associative Lambek Calculus. In: Retoré C (ed) The Logic of Categorial Grammars: A Deductive Account of Natural Language Syntax and Semantics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 101–147

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Processes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How Did Jupiter And Saturn Form? The Answer May Lie With The Humble Pebble. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Geographic Information System: Forest Service Has Resolved GAO Concerns About Its Proposed Nationwide System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nambiar VR (2012) A Grounded Theory Study on Business Excellence Models in the United Arab Emirates. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herskovic L (2013) Blunt Doctor Cures Headaches. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Wadman 2007; Eccleston and Skipper 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eccleston and Skipper 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Belin et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Processes
AbbreviationEnviron. Process.
ISSN (print)2198-7491
ISSN (online)2198-7505
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

Other styles