How to format your references using the Current Pollution Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pollution Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Litchinitser NM. Applied physics. Structured light meets structured matter. Science. 2012;337:1054–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. van der Goes van Naters W, Carlson JR. Insects as chemosensors of humans and crops. Nature. 2006;444:302–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Alexander DTL, Crozier PA, Anderson JR. Brown carbon spheres in East Asian outflow and their optical properties. Science. 2008;321:833–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang S-J, Wang Z, Jin T, Boccaletti S. Emergence of disassortative mixing from pruning nodes in growing scale-free networks. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lieser KH. Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2007.
An edited book
1. Angelis E, Chaplain MAJ, Bellomo N, editors. Selected Topics in Cancer Modeling: Genesis, Evolution, Immune Competition, and Therapy. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Skubov D, Khodzhaev KS. Oscillations caused by electromagnets. In: Khodzhaev KS, editor. Non-Linear Electromechanics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 205–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pollution Reports.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. We Can Still Keep Global Warming Below 2℃ – But The Hard Work Is About To Start [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Homeland Security: Improvements in Managing Research and Development Could Help Reduce Inefficiencies and Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Mar. Report No.: GAO-11-464T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. LaVertu DJ. An Exploratory Approach to In-Trinity® for Fall Prevention [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Mueller B, Baker AL, Southall A. Attempted Murder Charge in Bronx Shooting of Boy on His 5th Birthday. New York Times. 2017 Jun 6;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pollution Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pollut. Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-6592

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