How to format your references using the Current Pollution Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pollution Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rikken GLJA. Physics. A new twist on spintronics. Science. 2011;331:864–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gantz VM, Bier E. Genome editing. The mutagenic chain reaction: a method for converting heterozygous to homozygous mutations. Science. 2015;348:442–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kuba H, Oichi Y, Ohmori H. Presynaptic activity regulates Na(+) channel distribution at the axon initial segment. Nature. 2010;465:1075–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang J, Liu HJ, Cheng L, Wei J, Liang JH, Fan DD, et al. Phosphorene nanoribbon as a promising candidate for thermoelectric applications. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Vignes A. Extractive Metallurgy 3. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Nordling J, Wyndaele JJ, Merwe JP van de, Bouchelouche P, Cervigni M, Fall M, editors. Bladder Pain Syndrome: A Guide for Clinicians. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Posłajko K. Knowing Way Too Much: A Case Against Semantic Phenomenology. In: Araszkiewicz M, Banaś P, Gizbert-Studnicki T, Płeszka K, editors. Problems of Normativity, Rules and Rule-Following. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pollution Reports.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Japan May Offer America Free Maglev Train Technology. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Final Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jun. Report No.: RCED-89-129BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hakes CJ. Off -campus work and its relationship to students’ experiences with faculty using the College Student Experiences Questionnaire [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Stewart JB. In Ditching Netflix, Disney Grabs New Key to Kingdom. New York Times. 2017 Aug 24;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pollution Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pollut. Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-6592

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