How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. Sargent, “Obituary: J. Beverley Oke (1928-2004),” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6982, p. 483, Apr. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Camilli and B. L. Bassler, “Bacterial small-molecule signaling pathways,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5764, pp. 1113–1116, Feb. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. M. Girart, R. Rao, and D. P. Marrone, “Magnetic fields in the formation of sun-like stars,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5788, pp. 812–814, Aug. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L.-Q. Chen et al., “Sugar transporters for intercellular exchange and nutrition of pathogens,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7323, pp. 527–532, Nov. 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Bannwarth, Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps, Compressors and Systems. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005.
An edited book
W. Nicholson and K. Baptiste-Roberts, Eds., Obesity During Pregnancy in Clinical Practice. London: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Chu, Y. Li, X. Zou, and F. Soong, “Enrich Web Applications with Voice Internet Persona Text-to-Speech for Anyone, Anywhere,” in Human-Computer Interaction. HCI Intelligent Multimodal Interaction Environments: 12th International Conference, HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007, Proceedings, Part III, J. A. Jacko, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007, pp. 40–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Adults Retain Understanding Of Their Birth Language, Even If They Have Never Spoken It,” IFLScience, 19-Jan-2017. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “[Comments on Special Legislative Provision Concerning Compensation for Reemployed Retired Air Traffic Controllers],” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-234589.2, Sep. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. L. Romanek, “The relative influence of sensation seeking and normal narcissism on academic cheating in emerging adults,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Mileposts, With South Africa Around the Bend,” New York Times, p. SP10, 27-Dec-2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
AbbreviationIEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Top. Power Electron.
ISSN (print)2168-6777

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