How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Westall, “Geochemistry. Life on an anaerobic planet,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5913, pp. 471–472, Jan. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. V. Wang and S. Hu, “Photoacoustic tomography: in vivo imaging from organelles to organs,” Science, vol. 335, no. 6075, pp. 1458–1462, Mar. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. W. Hurrell, Y. Kushnir, and M. Visbeck, “Climate. The North Atlantic oscillation,” Science, vol. 291, no. 5504, pp. 603–605, Jan. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Fogassi, P. F. Ferrari, B. Gesierich, S. Rozzi, F. Chersi, and G. Rizzolatti, “Parietal lobe: from action organization to intention understanding,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5722, pp. 662–667, Apr. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Pozzilli, A. Lenzi, B. L. Clarke, and W. F. Young Jr, Imaging in Endocrinology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
D.-W. Gu, Robust Control Design with MATLAB®, 2nd ed. 2013. London: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Cimmieri, “The Performative Power of Diplomatic Discourse in the Italian Tragedies Inspired by the Wars Against the Turks,” in Early Modern Diplomacy, Theatre and Soft Power: The Making of Peace, N. Rivère de Carles, Ed. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016, pp. 93–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Incredible MRI Images Show What An Opera Singer Looks Like On The Inside While Singing,” IFLScience, May 05, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Evaluation of DOD Comments Re: DOD Instruction 5000.5X, Standard Instruction Set Architectures for Embedded Computers,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-199008, May 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. M. Engel, “Proform-antecedent linking in listeners with language impairments and unimpaired listeners,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, “Long Live the Prince,” New York Times, p. BR9, Apr. 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
AbbreviationIEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Top. Power Electron.
ISSN (print)2168-6777

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