How to format your references using the Environmental Health Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smil V. 2000. Laying down the law. Nature 403: 597.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacLean RC, Gudelj I. 2006. Resource competition and social conflict in experimental populations of yeast. Nature 441: 498–501.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nugent FS, Penick EC, Kauer JA. 2007. Opioids block long-term potentiation of inhibitory synapses. Nature 446: 1086–1090.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Naugler WE, Sakurai T, Kim S, Maeda S, Kim K, Elsharkawy AM, et al. 2007. Gender disparity in liver cancer due to sex differences in MyD88-dependent IL-6 production. Science 317: 121–124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Butler KC. 2016. Multinational Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc:Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Alvarez-Venegas R. 2014. Epigenetics in Plants of Agronomic Importance: Fundamentals and Applications: Transcriptional Regulation and Chromatin Remodelling in Plants. C. De la Peña and J.A. Casas-Mollano, eds. Springer International Publishing:Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chinesta F, Cueto E. 2014. Separated Representations of Coupled Models. In: PGD-Based Modeling of Materials, Structures and Processes (E. Cueto, ed). ESAFORM Bookseries on Material Forming. Springer International Publishing:Cham. 77–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health Perspectives.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2016. The Cities Of The Future Could Be Built By Microbes. IFLScience. Available: [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Planned Use of Information Technology for the Space Station.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Addington LM. 2012. Students’ Preferences for Information Sources during the Undergraduate College Search Process: The Influence of Technology. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University:Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. 2017. Saudi Says Arrests Target Dissidents Aided Abroad. New York Times, September 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smil 2000).
This sentence cites two references (MacLean and Gudelj 2006; Smil 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacLean and Gudelj 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Naugler et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health Perspectives
AbbreviationEnviron. Health Perspect.
ISSN (print)0091-6765
ISSN (online)1552-9924
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles