How to format your references using the Environmental Health Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D. 2009. Climate future. Nature 459: 628.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khakh BS, North RA. 2006. P2X receptors as cell-surface ATP sensors in health and disease. Nature 442: 527–532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murdoch W, Briggs CJ, Swarbrick S. 2005. Host suppression and stability in a parasitoid-host system: experimental demonstration. Science 309: 610–613.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fixler JB, Foster GT, McGuirk JM, Kasevich MA. 2007. Atom interferometer measurement of the newtonian constant of gravity. Science 315: 74–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Degner R, Leibl S. 2005. pH messen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA:Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Vereecken W. 2009. Ultra-Wideband Pulse-based Radio: Reliable Communication over a Wideband Channel. M. Steyaert, ed. Springer Netherlands:Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Wen L, Luo H-Z, Liu G-Y, Zheng H-T. 2016. Nanostructured Lithium Titanates (Li4Ti5O12) for Lithium-Ion Batteries. In: Nanomaterials in Advanced Batteries and Supercapacitors (K.I. Ozoemena and S. Chen, eds). Nanostructure Science and Technology. Springer International Publishing:Cham. 127–169.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Activating Body’s Brown Fat Could Lead To New Weight Loss Method. IFLScience. Available: [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Comments on Panama Canal Revolving Fund Act.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsieh H-C. 2010. Self-access center and autonomous learning: EFL college students’ motivations, activities and perceptions of learning effectiveness. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University:Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM. 2011. A Year in the Slow Lane in a ’30 Ford. New York Times, February 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2009; Khakh and North 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Khakh and North 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Fixler et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health Perspectives
AbbreviationEnviron. Health Perspect.
ISSN (print)0091-6765
ISSN (online)1552-9924
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles