How to format your references using the Environmental Health Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M. 2011. Synthetic genomes: The next step for the synthetic genome. Nature 473: 403, 405–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiang YC, Gao J. 2014. Strain-induced photoconductivity in thin films of Co doped amorphous carbon. Sci Rep 4: 6738.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jacobs SS, Giulivi CF, Mele PA. 2002. Freshening of the Ross Sea during the late 20th century. Science 297: 386–389.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee K-H, Holdorf AD, Dustin ML, Chan AC, Allen PM, Shaw AS. 2002. T cell receptor signaling precedes immunological synapse formation. Science 295: 1539–1542.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicholls DL, Piergrossi JC, Gibertoni C de S, Daniel MA. 2013. Psychoanalytic Thinking in Occupational Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd:West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Gorlewski JA, Gorlewski DA, eds. 2012. Making it Real: Case Stories for Secondary Teachers. SensePublishers:Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim YS, Rachev ST, Bianchi ML, Fabozzi FJ. 2008. A New Tempered Stable Distribution and Its Application to Finance. In: Risk Assessment: Decisions in Banking and Finance (G. Bol, S.T. Rachev, and R. Würth, eds). Contributions to Economics. Physica-Verlag HD:Heidelberg. 77–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. $250 Million Increase To NASA’s Budget Next Year. IFLScience. Available:’s-budget-next-year/ [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. School Finance: Per-Pupil Spending Differences between Selected Inner City and Suburban Schools Varied by Metropolitan Area.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clavio G. 2008. Uses and gratifications of Internet collegiate sport message board users. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University:Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. 2013. A Holiday Gift Guide To a Library of Books With Local Connections. New York Times, December 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2011; Jiang and Gao 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jiang and Gao 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health Perspectives
AbbreviationEnviron. Health Perspect.
ISSN (print)0091-6765
ISSN (online)1552-9924
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles