How to format your references using the Environmental Health Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Damasio A. 2003. Mental self: The person within. Nature 423: 227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Orton GS, Yanamandra-Fisher PA. 2005. Saturn’s temperature field from high-resolution middle-infrared imaging. Science 307: 696–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daniel S, Chaudhury MK, Chen JC. 2001. Fast drop movements resulting from the phase change on a gradient surface. Science 291: 633–636.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nechaev S, Fargo DC, dos Santos G, Liu L, Gao Y, Adelman K. 2010. Global analysis of short RNAs reveals widespread promoter-proximal stalling and arrest of Pol II in Drosophila. Science 327: 335–338.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karr R. 2009. Lead, Sell, or Get Out of the Way. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.:Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dörner R, Göbel S, Effelsberg W, Wiemeyer J, eds. 2016. Serious Games: Foundations, Concepts and Practice. Springer International Publishing:Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Stackowiak R, Licht A, Mantha V, Nagode L. 2015. Business Information Mapping for Big Data and Internet of Things. In: Big Data and the Internet of Things: Enterprise Information Architecture for a New Age (A. Licht, V. Mantha, and L. Nagode, eds). Apress:Berkeley, CA. 79–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health Perspectives.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2015. Stephen Hawking Covers Monty Python’s ‘Galaxy Song.’ IFLScience. Available: [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Air Traffic Control Modernization: Management Challenges Associated with Program Costs and Schedules Could Hinder NextGen Implementation.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lopez C. 2015. A community-based outreach program for Latinos in Los Angeles County supporting mental health awareness and treatment: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach:Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. 2017. Seeking Next Big Drug, Gilead to Buy Kite Pharma. New York Times, August 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Damasio 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Damasio 2003; Orton and Yanamandra-Fisher 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Orton and Yanamandra-Fisher 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Nechaev et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health Perspectives
AbbreviationEnviron. Health Perspect.
ISSN (print)0091-6765
ISSN (online)1552-9924
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles