How to format your references using the Environmental Health Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stith JE. 2000. When I was your age. Nature 407: 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liebman SW, Haber JE. 2013. Retrospective. Fred Sherman (1932-2013). Science 342: 1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poot-Salazar A, Hernández-Flores Á, Ardisson P-L. 2014. Use of the SLW index to calculate growth function in the sea cucumber Isostichopus badionotus. Sci Rep 4: 5151.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ruiz GM, Rawlings TK, Dobbs FC, Drake LA, Mullady T, Huq A, et al. 2000. Global spread of microorganisms by ships. Nature 408: 49–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pratt TH. 2010. Electrostatic Ignitions of Fires and Explosions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.:Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bandyopadhyay B. 2007. Modeling, Control and Implementation of Smart Structures: A FEM-State Space Approach. T.C. Manjunath and M. Umapathy, eds. Springer:Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Neuman T. 2006. Positional and Restraint Asphyxia. In: Sudden Deaths in Custody (D.L. Ross and T.C. Chan, eds). Forensic Science and Medicine. Humana Press:Totowa, NJ. 39–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health Perspectives.

Blog post
Davis J. 2017. Scientists Create A Mind-Controlled Turtle. IFLScience. Available: [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. NASA’s Requirement for a Single Solid Rocket Refurbishment and Assembly Facility at Kennedy Space Center.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bishop-Randol E. 2009. Outcomes of the Program of Assertive Community Treatment in Orange County, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach:Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2010. One Bowl That Counts And 34 Others. New York Times, December 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stith 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Liebman and Haber 2013; Stith 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liebman and Haber 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ruiz et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health Perspectives
AbbreviationEnviron. Health Perspect.
ISSN (print)0091-6765
ISSN (online)1552-9924
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles