How to format your references using the Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strom, S.L. 2008. Microbial ecology of ocean biogeochemistry: a community perspective, Science (New York, N.Y.) 320(5879): 1043–1045.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kormendy, J.; Bender, R. 2011. Supermassive black holes do not correlate with dark matter haloes of galaxies, Nature 469(7330): 377–380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nadler, J.W.; Angelaki, D.E.; DeAngelis, G.C. 2008. A neural representation of depth from motion parallax in macaque visual cortex, Nature 452(7187): 642–645.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Heckenberger, M.J.; Kuikuro, A.; Kuikuro, U.T.; Russell, J.C.; Schmidt, M.; Fausto, C.; Franchetto, B. 2003. Amazonia 1492: pristine forest or cultural parkland?, Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5640): 1710–1714.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hase, Y. 2012. Handbook of Power Systems Engineering with Power Electronics Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Meeks, S. 2016. The Past and Future City: How Historic Preservation Is Reviving America’s Communities. K.C. Murphy (Ed.). Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.
A chapter in an edited book
Aziz, C.E.; Hatzinger, P.B. 2009. Perchlorate Sources, Source Identification And Analytical Methods. In R.C. Borden, J.D. Coates, E.E. Cox, D.C. Downey, P.J. Evans, P.B. Hatzinger, B.M. Henry, W.A. Jackson, T.A. Krug, M.T. Lieberman, R.C. Loehr, R.D. Norris, V.A. Nzengung, M.W. Perlmutter, C.E. Schaefer, H.F. Stroo, C.H. Ward, C.J. Winstead, C. Wolfe, H.F. Stroo, C.H. Ward (Eds.), In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater SERDP/ESTCP Environmental Remediation Technology. (pp. 55–78). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transport.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. How Well You Do In School Reflects Dozens Of Genetic Traits IFLScience, 7 October 2014. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2001. Information and Technology Management: Achieving Sustained and Focused Governmentwide Leadership.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kafi, W. 2013. The effects of patient demographic variables on cesarean section-related surgical site infection rates. Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. 2017. Top-Seeded Kerber Tumbles Out of Fourth Round Amid the Usual Havoc. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strom 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kormendy, Bender 2011; Strom 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kormendy, Bender 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Heckenberger et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransport
ISSN (print)1648-4142
ISSN (online)1648-3480

Other styles