How to format your references using the Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, J.A. 2014. Solar system: Ring in the new, Nature 508(7494): 48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Münck, E.; Bominaar, E.L. 2008. Chemistry. Bringing stability to highly reduced iron-sulfur clusters, Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5895): 1452–1453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Milward, G.C.; Calderón, M.J.; Littlewood, P.B. 2005. Electronically soft phases in manganites, Nature 433(7026): 607–610.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Phillips, P.E.M.; Stuber, G.D.; Heien, M.L.A.V.; Wightman, R.M.; Carelli, R.M. 2003. Subsecond dopamine release promotes cocaine seeking, Nature 422(6932): 614–618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kiehl, A.R.; Mays, M.B.C. 2016. Atlas for the Diagnosis of Tumors in the Dog and Cat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
U. Brandes, T. Erlebach (Eds.) 2005. Network Analysis: Methodological Foundations. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Georgescu, E.-S. 2016. The Collapse of Carlton Building in Bucharest at November 10, 1940 Earthquake: An Analysis Based on Recovered Images. In R. Vacareanu, C. Ionescu (Eds.), The 1940 Vrancea Earthquake. Issues, Insights and Lessons Learnt: Proceedings of the Symposium Commemorating 75 Years from November 10, 1940 Vrancea Earthquake Springer Natural Hazards. (pp. 57–72). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transport.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2016. What Exactly Is A Super-Recognizer? IFLScience, 9 November 2016. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1993. Space Shuttle Main Engine: NASA Has Not Evaluated the Alternate Fuel Turbopump Costs and Benefits.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koh, S.A. 2010. A comparison of treatment integrity assessment methods for behavioral intervention. Doctoral dissertation. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolata, G.; Longman, J.; Pilon, M. 2013. Saving Lives, if Not Legs, With No Time to Fret. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Burns 2014; Münck, Bominaar 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Münck, Bominaar 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Phillips et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransport
ISSN (print)1648-4142
ISSN (online)1648-3480

Other styles