How to format your references using the Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows, A. 2005. A theoretical look at the direct detection of giant planets outside the Solar System, Nature 433(7023): 261–268.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hightower, M.; Pierce, S.A. 2008. The energy challenge, Nature 452(7185): 285–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young, I.R.; Zieger, S.; Babanin, A.V. 2011. Global trends in wind speed and wave height, Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6028): 451–455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hochbaum, A.I.; Chen, R.; Delgado, R.D.; Liang, W.; Garnett, E.C.; Najarian, M.; Majumdar, A.; Yang, P. 2008. Enhanced thermoelectric performance of rough silicon nanowires, Nature 451(7175): 163–167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherniakov, M. 2003. An Introduction to Parametric Digital Filters and Oscillators. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
S. Dustdar, F. Leymann, M. Villari (Eds.) 2015. Service Oriented and Cloud Computing: 4th European Conference, ESOCC 2015, Taormina, Italy, September 15-17, 2015, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nunez-Yanez, J. 2016. Computing to the Limit with Heterogeneous CPU-FPGA Devices in a Video Fusion Application. In V. Bonato, C. Bouganis, M. Gorgon (Eds.), Applied Reconfigurable Computing: 12th International Symposium, ARC 2016 Mangaratiba, RJ, Brazil, March 22–24, 2016 Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science. (pp. 41–53). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transport.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2015. Why Do Female Butterflies Outfly Males? IFLScience, 5 November 2015. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1977. Curriculum Case Studies Are of Questionable Quality but Helped Precollege Curriculum Activities.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers, R. 2017. What Qualities Make an Effective Teacher Labor Union Leader? Doctoral dissertation. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 1993. Clinton Campaign Skirted Taxes, Report Says. New York Times 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burrows 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Burrows 2005; Hightower, Pierce 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hightower, Pierce 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hochbaum et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransport
ISSN (print)1648-4142
ISSN (online)1648-3480

Other styles