How to format your references using the Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wojchowski, D. 2011. Eugene Goldwasser (1922-2010), Nature 470(7332): 40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, S.S.-J.; Mudaliar, A. 2009. Medicine. Racing forward: the Genomics and Personalized Medicine Act, Science (New York, N.Y.) 323(5912): 342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoehler, T.M.; Bebout, B.M.; Des Marais, D.J. 2001. The role of microbial mats in the production of reduced gases on the early Earth, Nature 412(6844): 324–327.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, K.C.; Sprague, M.R.; Sussman, B.J.; Nunn, J.; Langford, N.K.; Jin, X.-M.; Champion, T.; Michelberger, P.; Reim, K.F.; England, D.; Jaksch, D.; Walmsley, I.A. 2011. Entangling macroscopic diamonds at room temperature, Science (New York, N.Y.) 334(6060): 1253–1256.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silverstein, D.; Samuel, P.; Decarlo, N. 2008. The Innovator’s Toolkit. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Poirier, E.J. 2016. Solutions Manual To accompany Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing. The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series. D.R. Poirier (Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jones, D. 2007. Dermal Fillers. In D.J. Goldberg (Ed.), Facial Rejuvenation: A Total Approach (pp. 105–123). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transport.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Resurgent Pine Martens Could Be Good News For Red Squirrels IFLScience, 27 August 2015. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007. Residential Treatment Programs: Concerns Regarding Abuse and Death in Certain Programs for Troubled Youth.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kranz, T.E. 2017. Body, Land, and Memory: Counter-Narratives in the Poetry of Minnie Bruce Pratt, Brenda Marie Osbey, and Natasha Trethewey. Doctoral dissertation. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B. 2016. Keep the Returns, Trump; Just Give Us a Few Figures. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wojchowski 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lee, Mudaliar 2009; Wojchowski 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee, Mudaliar 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransport
ISSN (print)1648-4142
ISSN (online)1648-3480

Other styles