How to format your references using the Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Malakoff D. ELECTION 2000: Uncertainty Wins by a Landslide. Science. 2000;290:1277–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Finke DL, Snyder WE. Niche partitioning increases resource exploitation by diverse communities. Science. 2008;321:1488–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Halpern BS, Cottenie K, Broitman BR. Strong top-down control in southern California kelp forest ecosystems. Science. 2006;312:1230–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kim S, Takahashi H, Lin W-W, Descargues P, Grivennikov S, Kim Y, et al. Carcinoma-produced factors activate myeloid cells through TLR2 to stimulate metastasis. Nature. 2009;457:102–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Boyd RK, Basic C, Bethem RA. Trace Quantitative Analysis by Mass Spectrometry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. de Magistris M. Circuiti: Fondamenti di circuiti per l’Ingegneria. 2a ed. 2016. Miano G, editor. Milano: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Busiol D, Lee TY. Prevention of Cyberbullying: A Conceptual Review. In: Lee TY, Shek DTL, Sun RCF, editors. Student Well-Being in Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong: Theory, Intervention and Research. Singapore: Springer; 2015. p. 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Hubble’s Incredible Final Image Of The Frontier Fields [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/hubbles-incredible-final-image-of-the-frontier-fields/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Contracts Awarded by the Social and Rehabilitation Service of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare on a Noncompetitive Basis. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Aug. Report No.: B-164031(3).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Genc A. Phase Stability in Metallic Multilayers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. Classic Words, Fresh Looks. New York Times. 2016 Jul 31;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health
AbbreviationEnviron. Health
ISSN (online)1476-069X
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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