How to format your references using the Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ledford H. Liquid fuel synthesis: making it up as you go along. Nature. 2006;444:677–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sorger VJ, Zhang X. Physics. Spotlight on plasmon lasers. Science. 2011;333:709–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Carslaw KS, Harrison RG, Kirkby J. Cosmic rays, clouds, and climate. Science. 2002;298:1732–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Higashi H, Tsutsumi R, Muto S, Sugiyama T, Azuma T, Asaka M, et al. SHP-2 tyrosine phosphatase as an intracellular target of Helicobacter pylori CagA protein. Science. 2002;295:683–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Charalambides CA. Discrete q-Distributions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Panguluri SK, Kumar AA, editors. Phenotyping for Plant Breeding: Applications of Phenotyping Methods for Crop Improvement. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Xiao W, Chu W, Lü Z, Ye T, Liu G, Cui S. A Population-Based Strategic Oscillation Algorithm for Linear Ordering Problem with Cumulative Costs. In: Middendorf M, Blum C, editors. Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 13th European Conference, EvoCOP 2013, Vienna, Austria, April 3-5, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Newly Discovered Fossils Hint That All Dinosaurs May Have Had Feathers. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Acquisition of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Oct. Report No.: B-115369.07.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Edwards JW. The Relation Between Expressed Emotion and Adolescent Psychopathology [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. Popular Tech Gathering Faces Growing Pains. New York Times. 2014 Mar 2;A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health
AbbreviationEnviron. Health
ISSN (online)1476-069X
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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