How to format your references using the Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Davidson EH. The sea urchin genome: where will it lead us? Science. 2006;314:939–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kwon H-B, Sabatini BL. Glutamate induces de novo growth of functional spines in developing cortex. Nature. 2011;474:100–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Marston JO, Riker PW, Thoroddsen ST. Generation of ultra-sound during tape peeling. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4326.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ziu E, Hadden C, Li Y, Lowery CL 3rd, Singh P, Ucer SS, et al. Effect of serotonin on platelet function in cocaine exposed blood. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5945.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Windom CA Sr, Gaidhani H, Fontana A. Virtualizing. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Baulieu L, Boer J de, Pioline B, Rabinovici E, editors. String Theory: From Gauge Interactions to Cosmology: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on String Theory: From Gauge Interactions to Cosmology Cargèse, France 7–19 June 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chaimontree S, Atkinson K, Coenen F. Best Clustering Configuration Metrics: Towards Multiagent Based Clustering. In: Cao L, Feng Y, Zhong J, editors. Advanced Data Mining and Applications: 6th International Conference, ADMA 2010, Chongqing, China, November 19-21, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Using DNA To Unlock The Mysteries Of Cannabis And Reduce The Risk Of Dodgy ‘Medical’ Products [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/using-dna-to-unlock-the-mysteries-of-cannabis-and-reduce-the-risk-of-dodgy-medical-products/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 May. Report No.: RCED-95-175FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bemmel EP. A cost -effectiveness analysis of two community college baccalaureate programs in Florida: An exploratory study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Strauss B. Athletes Stand to Gain in a Settlement With the N.C.A.A. New York Times. 2017 Feb 4;SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health
AbbreviationEnviron. Health
ISSN (online)1476-069X
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles