How to format your references using the Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Karoly DJ. Atmospheric science. Ozone and climate change. Science. 2003;302:236–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schneider RA, Helms JA. The cellular and molecular origins of beak morphology. Science. 2003;299:565–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Scherer E, Munker C, Mezger K. Calibration of the lutetium-hafnium clock. Science. 2001;293:683–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Vilà C, Leonard JA, Gotherstrom A, Marklund S, Sandberg K, Liden K, et al. Widespread origins of domestic horse lineages. Science. 2001;291:474–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Alrifai T. Islamic Finance and the New Financial System. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Morandi A, Nambi ANN, editors. An Integrated View of Health and Well-being: Bridging Indian and Western Knowledge. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rogers Y. Using External Visualizations to Extend and Integrate Learning in Mobile and Classroom Settings. In: Gilbert JK, Reiner M, Nakhleh M, editors. Visualization: Theory and Practice in Science Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 89–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. First Lab-Grown Human Sperm Technique Revealed By Scientists [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/human-sperm-created-lab-first-time-scientists-claim/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Information Sharing Could Help Institutions Identify and Address Challenges Some Asian Americans and Pacific Islander Students Face. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jul. Report No.: GAO-07-925.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McElhoes JL. Spatial, Technological, and Functional Variability Among the Prehistoric Ceramics of the Southern California Coast [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Insurer Overbilled Medicare, Suit Says. New York Times. 2017 Feb 16;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health
AbbreviationEnviron. Health
ISSN (online)1476-069X
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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