How to format your references using the Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tsapatsis M. Materials science. Toward high-throughput zeolite membranes. Science. 2011;334:767–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kazmierczak J, Kremer B. Palaeontology: thermal alteration of the Earth’s oldest fossils. Nature. 2002;420:477–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Howes PD, Chandrawati R, Stevens MM. Bionanotechnology. Colloidal nanoparticles as advanced biological sensors. Science. 2014;346:1247390.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sun Y, Giebink NC, Kanno H, Ma B, Thompson ME, Forrest SR. Management of singlet and triplet excitons for efficient white organic light-emitting devices. Nature. 2006;440:908–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brook MV. Ultrasonic Inspection Technology Development and Search Unit Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Leff A. Alexia: Diagnosis, Treatment and Theory. Starrfelt R, editor. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. van de Pol LA, van der Flier WM, Scheltens P. Clinical Evaluation and Treatment of Cognitive Dysfunction and Dementia. In: Biessels GJ, Luchsinger JA, editors. Diabetes and the Brain. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2010. p. 103–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Health.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Entire Population Of Single Species Counted For The First Time From Space [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Ways of Increasing Productivity in the Maintenance of Commercial-Type Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Jun. Report No.: LCD-75-421.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McDuffie CA. Melodies of intervention: Music therapy for transitional-age youth: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. An Actor’s ‘Always-Changing’ Bond With Faith. New York Times. 2017 Apr 16;C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Health
AbbreviationEnviron. Health
ISSN (online)1476-069X
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles