How to format your references using the Cerebrovascular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cerebrovascular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ghigo JM: Natural conjugative plasmids induce bacterial biofilm development. Nature 2001;412:442–445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Verheyden JM, Sun X: An Fgf/Gremlin inhibitory feedback loop triggers termination of limb bud outgrowth. Nature 2008;454:638–641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hessa T, White SH, von Heijne G: Membrane insertion of a potassium-channel voltage sensor. Science 2005;307:1427.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li J, Wang X, Zhao L, Gao X, Zhao Y, Zhou R: Rotation motion of designed nano-turbine. Sci Rep 2014;4:5846.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee: Positive Displacement Pumps. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007.
An edited book
Katupitiya J: Interfacing with C++: Programming Real-World Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Shah R, Eldridge D, Palombo E, Harding I: Characterization; in Eldridge D, Palombo E, Harding I (eds): Lipid Nanoparticles: Production, Characterization and Stability. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp 45–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cerebrovascular Diseases.

Blog post
Hale T: Stunning Time-Lapse Video Of The Starry Night Sky. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Student Loans: Direct Loans Could Save Billions in First 5 Years With Proper Implementation. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marulkar S: Indoor object localization system 2016;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Mandel E: Brave New World. New York Times 2016;BR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCerebrovascular Diseases
AbbreviationCerebrovasc. Dis.
ISSN (print)1015-9770
ISSN (online)1421-9786
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles