How to format your references using the Cerebrovascular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cerebrovascular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Macilwain C. University cuts show science is far from saved. Nature. 2011 Jan;469(7329):133.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Ort DR, Long SP. Botany. Limits on yields in the Corn Belt. Science. 2014 May;344(6183):484–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Artyukhin AB, Schroeder FC, Avery L. Density dependence in Caenorhabditis larval starvation. Sci Rep. 2013 Sep;3:2777.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Senthil T, Vishwanath A, Balents L, Sachdev S, Fisher MPA. Deconfined quantum critical points. Science. 2004 Mar;303(5663):1490–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Etube LS. Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Offshore Structures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2000.
An edited book
1
Robshaw M, Katz J, editors. Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2016: 36th Annual International Cryptology Conference, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 14-18, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Baez Martin MM, Morales Chacón LM, Cabrera Abreu I. Autism Spectrum Disorder. A Clinical Neurophysiology Approach II. In: Robinson-Agramonte M de LA, editor. Translational Approaches to Autism Spectrum Disorder. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015; pp 85–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cerebrovascular Diseases.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. The Common Ancestor Of All Life On Earth Lived In Hot Springs [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Jul [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/the-common-ancestor-of-all-life-on-earth-lived-in-hot-springs/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Implementation of IT Reform Law and Related Initiatives Can Help Improve Acquisitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Narita D. Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) and climate change mitigation: An analysis of economic optimality and policy making. 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kishkovsky S. New Kirov Home in Golden Glass. New York Times. 2003 Jul;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCerebrovascular Diseases
AbbreviationCerebrovasc. Dis.
ISSN (print)1015-9770
ISSN (online)1421-9786
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Neurology

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