How to format your references using the High Energy Density Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for High Energy Density Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Dunbar, Psychology. Evolution of the social brain, Science. 302 (2003) 1160–1161.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Fossum, M. Carlsson, High-frequency acoustic waves are not sufficient to heat the solar chromosphere, Nature. 435 (2005) 919–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.G. Marsh, R.E. Maxson Jr, D.T. Manahan, High macromolecular synthesis with low metabolic cost in Antarctic sea urchin embryos, Science. 291 (2001) 1950–1952.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Kim, P. Lerou, A. Yabuuchi, C. Lengerke, K. Ng, J. West, A. Kirby, M.J. Daly, G.Q. Daley, Histocompatible embryonic stem cells by parthenogenesis, Science. 315 (2007) 482–486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.B. Talbot, Frequency Acquisition Techniques for Phase Locked Loops, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
A.M. Lynge Pedersen, ed., Oral Infections and General Health: From Molecule to Chairside, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Marquardt, J. Morbach, A. Wiesner, A. Yang, Meta Model, in: J. Morbach, A. Wiesner, A. Yang (Eds.), OntoCAPE: A Re-Usable Ontology for Chemical Process Engineering, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 57–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for High Energy Density Physics.

Blog post
B. Taub, Freak Minerals Found Buried In Siberia Could Become The Fuel Cells Of The Future, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Training: FAA Aviation Safety Inspectors Are Not Receiving Needed Training, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.S. Gornto, The impact of student leadership in classroom management on student achievement, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Semple, D.W. Chen, In Skelos Case, a Son Whose Life Seemed to Lose Traction Early, New York Times. (2015) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHigh Energy Density Physics
AbbreviationHigh Energy Density Phys.
ISSN (print)1574-1818
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

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