How to format your references using the High Energy Density Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for High Energy Density Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Shimono, Non-uniformity of cell density and networks in the monkey brain, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2541.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.J. Crone, M. Tolstoy, Magnitude of the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil leak, Science. 330 (2010) 634.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.G. Aspinwall, T.R. Brown, J. Tabery, The double-edged sword: does biomechanism increase or decrease judges’ sentencing of psychopaths?, Science. 337 (2012) 846–849.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Kim, A. Chortos, W. Xu, Y. Liu, J.Y. Oh, D. Son, J. Kang, A.M. Foudeh, C. Zhu, Y. Lee, S. Niu, J. Liu, R. Pfattner, Z. Bao, T.-W. Lee, A bioinspired flexible organic artificial afferent nerve, Science. 360 (2018) 998–1003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Corsi, M. Dulieu, The Marketing of Technology Intensive Products and Services, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Y. Liu, Z. Wang, J. Zhang, eds., Dietary Chinese Herbs: Chemistry, Pharmacology and Clinical Evidence, Springer, Vienna, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Wu, K. Wolter, Dynamic Transmission Scheduling and Link Selection in Mobile Cloud Computing, in: B. Sericola, M. Telek, G. Horváth (Eds.), Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 21st International Conference, ASMTA 2014, Budapest, Hungary, June 30 – July 2, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 61–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for High Energy Density Physics.

Blog post
T. Hale, Here’s What Ursula Would Look Like If She Had Evolved In Different Ocean Environments, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Electronic Prescribing: CMS Should Address Inconsistencies in Its Two Incentive Programs That Encourage the Use of Health Information Technology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.E. Roberts, Process evaluation of the Instant Word Notebook, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, Arts, Briefly; A New Festival in Moscow, New York Times. (2006) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHigh Energy Density Physics
AbbreviationHigh Energy Density Phys.
ISSN (print)1574-1818
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

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