How to format your references using the High Energy Density Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for High Energy Density Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.A. Yayanos, Are cells viable at gigapascal pressures?, Science. 297 (2002) 295.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Kong, C. Ma, Acquisition of ephemeral module in roots: a new view and test, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5078.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Manabe, P.M. Barrett, S. Isaji, Palaeontology. A refugium for relics?, Nature. 404 (2000) 953.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Perdomo, B. Baron, A. Rojo-Domínguez, B. Raynal, P. England, N. Guillén, The α-helical regions of KERP1 are important in Entamoeba histolytica adherence to human cells, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Kapterev, Presentation Secrets, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
C. Conati, K. McCoy, G. Paliouras, eds., User Modeling 2007: 11th International Conference, UM 2007, Corfu, Greece, July 25-29, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
M.K. Peek, N. Perez, J.P. Stimpson, Culture and Couples: Does Partner Disability Differentially Infl uence Mental Health Across Mexico and the US?, in: J.L. Angel, F. Torres-Gil, K. Markides (Eds.), Aging, Health, and Longevity in the Mexican-Origin Population, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2012: pp. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for High Energy Density Physics.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Watch Live As SpaceX Relaunches One Of Its Rockets For The First Time Today, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Customs Automation: Internal Control Weaknesses in Customs’ Revenue Collection Process, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.G. Rodriguez, Devotion to land: The Virgin Mary and the Mudejar in the post-conquest program of Alfonso X of Castile, 1252–1284, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, The Left Bank, New York Times. (2017) BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHigh Energy Density Physics
AbbreviationHigh Energy Density Phys.
ISSN (print)1574-1818
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

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