How to format your references using the Environmental Fluid Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Fluid Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Golbeck J (2008) Computer science. Weaving a Web of trust. Science 321:1640–1641
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schafer RJ, Moore T (2011) Selective attention from voluntary control of neurons in prefrontal cortex. Science 332:1568–1571
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Iyengar VK, Reeve HK, Eisner T (2002) Paternal inheritance of a female moth’s mating preference. Nature 419:830–832
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Bodelier PL, Roslev P, Henckel T, Frenzel P (2000) Stimulation by ammonium-based fertilizers of methane oxidation in soil around rice roots. Nature 403:421–424

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Johnston D (2011) A Brief History of Justice. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Helleseth T, Sarwate D, Song H-Y, Yang K (2005) Sequences and Their Applications - SETA 2004: Third International Conference, Seoul, Korea, October 24-28, 2004. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hilhorst HWM, Finch-Savage WE, Buitink J, et al (2010) Dormancy in Plant Seeds. In: Lubzens E, Cerda J, Clark M (eds) Dormancy and Resistance in Harsh Environments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 43–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Fluid Mechanics.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2015) Damselfish In Distress Adapt To Warmer Waters. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/damsel-fish-distress-adapt-warmer-waters/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1980) Routine Disclosure of Broadcaster Financial Records. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bolman DB (2012) Examining the Relationship Between Technology Leadership Behaviors and Project Success. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
McKINLEY J (2017) New York State to Cover Tuition in Cuomo Plan. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Fluid Mechanics
AbbreviationEnviron. Fluid Mech. (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)1567-7419
ISSN (online)1573-1510
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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