How to format your references using the Environmental Education Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Education Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers, Scott A. 2014. “Surface Science. Stability at the Surface.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6214): 1186–1187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heinrich, Andreas, and Sebastian Loth. 2011. “Physics. A Logical Use for Atoms.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6033): 1039–1040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amorisco, N. C., N. W. Evans, and G. van de Ven. 2014. “The Remnant of a Merger between Two Dwarf Galaxies in Andromeda II.” Nature 507 (7492): 335–337.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rangroo Thrane, Vinita, Alexander S. Thrane, Benjamin A. Plog, Meenakshisundaram Thiyagarajan, Jeffrey J. Iliff, Rashid Deane, Erlend A. Nagelhus, and Maiken Nedergaard. 2013. “Paravascular Microcirculation Facilitates Rapid Lipid Transport and Astrocyte Signaling in the Brain.” Scientific Reports 3: 2582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nathanail, C. Paul, and R. Paul Bardos. 2005. Reclamation of Contaminated Land. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Peris-Ortiz, Marta, Jaime Alonso Gómez, Francisco Vélez-Torres, and Carlos Rueda-Armengot, eds. 2016. Education Tools for Entrepreneurship: Creating an Action-Learning Environment through Educational Learning Tools. Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Cheng, Jie Chen, Hoon Wei Lim, Zhenfeng Zhang, and Dengguo Feng. 2012. “Combined Public-Key Schemes: The Case of ABE and ABS.” In Provable Security: 6th International Conference, ProvSec 2012, Chengdu, China, September 26-28, 2012. Proceedings, edited by Tsuyoshi Takagi, Guilin Wang, Zhiguang Qin, Shaoquan Jiang, and Yong Yu, 53–69. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Education Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Can A Virtual Reality Game Make You Forget You’re In Pain?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. DOD’s Full-Time, Fully Funded Graduate and Undergraduate Education Programs. B-175773. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cano, Melissa. 2015. “An In-Home Visitation Program for Homebound Older Adult Veterans: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, John. 2017. “Study Finds Vulnerability in Wide Range of Devices.” New York Times, March 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chambers 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chambers 2014; Heinrich and Loth 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heinrich and Loth 2011)
  • Three authors: (Amorisco, Evans, and van de Ven 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rangroo Thrane et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Education Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)1350-4622
ISSN (online)1469-5871

Other styles