How to format your references using the Environmental Education Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Education Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, Kendall. 2005. “The Staff Dreams Are Made Of.” Nature 435 (7039): 242–243.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert, K. A., and M. B. Thompson. 2001. “Sex Determination. Viviparous Lizard Selects Sex of Embryos.” Nature 412 (6848): 698–699.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Fei, Paul W. Tillberg, and Edward S. Boyden. 2015. “Optical Imaging. Expansion Microscopy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 347 (6221): 543–548.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ainla, Alar, Irep Gözen, Bodil Hakonen, and Aldo Jesorka. 2013. “Lab on a Biomembrane: Rapid Prototyping and Manipulation of 2D Fluidic Lipid Bilayers Circuits.” Scientific Reports 3 (September): 2743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halpert, Ben. 2011. Auditing Cloud Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Livingstone, D. W., and David Guile, eds. 2012. The Knowledge Economy and Lifelong Learning: A Critical Reader. Vol. 4. The Knowledge Economy and Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Mark, David, Jayant Varma, Jeff LaMarche, Alex Horovitz, and Kevin Kim. 2015. “Preparing for Change: Migrations and Versioning.” In More IPhone Development with Swift: Exploring the IOS SDK, edited by Jayant Varma, Jeff LaMarche, Alex Horovitz, and Kevin Kim, 127–135. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Education Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Electronic Glasses Allow Legally Blind Woman To See Her Baby For First Time.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. IRS Operations: Significant Challenges in Financial Management and Systems Modernization. T-AIMD-96-56. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cortez, Ali. 2017. “Life Is A Highway: Finding Your Way and Finding the Words.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “Mets and Marines Share a Day.” New York Times, April 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Powell 2005; Robert and Thompson 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robert and Thompson 2001)
  • Three authors: (Chen, Tillberg, and Boyden 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ainla et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Education Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)1350-4622
ISSN (online)1469-5871

Other styles