How to format your references using the Environmental Education Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Education Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2004. “Comment on ‘Molecular Phylogenies Link Rates of Evolution and Speciation’ (II).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5655): 173; author reply 173.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bass, Joseph, and Joseph S. Takahashi. 2010. “Circadian Integration of Metabolism and Energetics.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6009): 1349–1354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rey, Patrice F., Nicolas Coltice, and Nicolas Flament. 2014. “Spreading Continents Kick-Started Plate Tectonics.” Nature 513 (7518): 405–408.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Huang, Danny T., Harold W. Hunt, Min Zhuang, Melanie D. Ohi, James M. Holton, and Brenda A. Schulman. 2007. “Basis for a Ubiquitin-like Protein Thioester Switch Toggling E1-E2 Affinity.” Nature 445 (7126): 394–398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nappi, Eugenio, and Vladimir Peskov. 2013. Imaging Gaseous Detectors and Their Applications. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hannemann, Klaus, and Friedrich Seiler, eds. 2009. Shock Waves: 26th International Symposium on Shock Waves, Volume 1. 1st ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Banek, Marko, Boris Vrdoljak, A. Min Tjoa, and Zoran Skočir. 2007. “Automating the Schema Matching Process for Heterogeneous Data Warehouses.” In Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 9th International Conference, DaWaK 2007, Regensburg Germany, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings, edited by Il Yeal Song, Johann Eder, and Tho Manh Nguyen, 45–54. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Education Research.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Koalas Listed As Vulnerable Throughout Queensland.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Genetically Engineered Crops: USDA Needs to Enhance Oversight and Better Understand Impacts of Unintended Mixing with Other Crops. GAO-16-241. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freeman, Megan Joseph. 2012. “Gene-Environment Interaction in Early Onset Bipolar Disorder.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, Linda. 2016. “Two Men Gone Country and Their Dreamgirls.” New York Times, July 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brower 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Brower 2004; Bass and Takahashi 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bass and Takahashi 2010)
  • Three authors: (Rey, Coltice, and Flament 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Huang et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Education Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)1350-4622
ISSN (online)1469-5871

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