How to format your references using the Environmental Education Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Education Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers, John. 2014. “Planetary Science. Forming Terrestrial Planets.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6183): 479–480.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dörr, Kathrin, and Andreas Herklotz. 2014. “Materials Science: Two Steps for a Magnetoelectric Switch.” Nature 516 (7531): 337–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Irene A., Richard W. Roberts, and Jack W. Szostak. 2004. “The Emergence of Competition between Model Protocells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5689): 1474–1476.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cui, Y., Q. Wei, H. Park, and C. M. Lieber. 2001. “Nanowire Nanosensors for Highly Sensitive and Selective Detection of Biological and Chemical Species.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5533): 1289–1292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corley, R. H. V., and P. B. Tinker. 2015. The Oil Palm. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Król, Dariusz, Lech Madeyski, and Ngoc Thanh Nguyen, eds. 2016. Recent Developments in Intelligent Information and Database Systems. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 642. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaneko, Yutaka. 2014. “Modeling and Simulation.” In Copper Electrodeposition for Nanofabrication of Electronics Devices, edited by Kazuo Kondo, Rohan N. Akolkar, Dale P. Barkey, and Masayuki Yokoi, 63–95. Nanostructure Science and Technology. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Education Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Dolphin Dives onto Boat, Breaks Woman’s Ankles, Punches Another in the Face.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Increased Compliance Needed With Nursing Home Health and Sanitary Standards. MWD-76-8. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sampson, Rebecca. 2010. “The Effects of Foster Care on Children: A Comparison of 18th Century through Modern Day Foster Care Practices.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sanger, David E., Eric Schmitt, and Ben Hubbard. 2017. “Trump Ends Covert Aid to Syrian Rebels Trying to Oust Assad.” New York Times, July 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chambers 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chambers 2014; Dörr and Herklotz 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dörr and Herklotz 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chen, Roberts, and Szostak 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cui et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Education Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)1350-4622
ISSN (online)1469-5871

Other styles