How to format your references using the Environmental Education Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Education Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2003. “Physical Paradoxes.” Nature 424 (6949): 705.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sesma, Ane, and Anne E. Osbourn. 2004. “The Rice Leaf Blast Pathogen Undergoes Developmental Processes Typical of Root-Infecting Fungi.” Nature 431 (7008): 582–586.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wookey, James, J-Michael Kendall, and Guilhem Barruol. 2002. “Mid-Mantle Deformation Inferred from Seismic Anisotropy.” Nature 415 (6873): 777–780.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Raghavan, Sridharan, Paolo Manzanillo, Kaman Chan, Cole Dovey, and Jeffery S. Cox. 2008. “Secreted Transcription Factor Controls Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Virulence.” Nature 454 (7205): 717–721.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, Michael, and Gentry Bieker. 2009. Mastering. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Gaspar-Cunha, António, Carlos Henggeler Antunes, and Carlos Coello Coello, eds. 2015. Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part II. Vol. 9019. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jakhu, Ram S., and Joseph N. Pelton. 2014. “The Global Legal Guidelines Governing Satellite Deployment.” In Small Satellites and Their Regulation, edited by Joseph N. Pelton, 43–48. SpringerBriefs in Space Development. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Education Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “The Real Science On Wind Farms, Noise, Infrasound And Health.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Intercity Passenger Rail: Financial Performance of Amtrak’s Routes. RCED-98-151. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shetter, Randy M. 2012. “Assaulting the Littorals: The Development and Evolution of a Dedicated American Amphibious Assault Force.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Howe, Sophia Harriman. 1904. “Mandan Territory.” New York Times, September 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2003; Sesma and Osbourn 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sesma and Osbourn 2004)
  • Three authors: (Wookey, Kendall, and Barruol 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Raghavan et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Education Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)1350-4622
ISSN (online)1469-5871

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