How to format your references using the Environmental Education Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Education Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dlakic, M. 2001. “Is CdtB a Nuclease or a Phosphatase?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5504): 547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fritz, Günter, and Peter M. H. Kroneck. 2015. “MICROBIOLOGY. Sulfate to Go.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6267): 1476–1477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloom, David E., David Canning, and Günther Fink. 2008. “Urbanization and the Wealth of Nations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5864): 772–775.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Crittenden, Sarah L., David S. Bernstein, Jennifer L. Bachorik, Beth E. Thompson, Maria Gallegos, Andrei G. Petcherski, Gary Moulder, Robert Barstead, Marvin Wickens, and Judith Kimble. 2002. “A Conserved RNA-Binding Protein Controls Germline Stem Cells in Caenorhabditis Elegans.” Nature 417 (6889): 660–663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalanne, Christian. 2014. Fatigue Damage. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jürgensen, Helmut, Juhani Karhumäki, and Alexander Okhotin, eds. 2014. Descriptional Complexity of Formal Systems: 16th International Workshop, DCFS 2014, Turku, Finland, August 5-8, 2014. Proceedings. Vol. 8614. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nöth, Elmar, Stefan Steidl, and Maria Schuster. 2009. “Communication Disorders and Speech Technology.” In Text, Speech and Dialogue: 12th International Conference, TSD 2009, Pilsen, Czech Republic, September 13-17, 2009. Proceedings, edited by Václav Matoušek and Pavel Mautner, 15–15. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Education Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Slave Ants And Their Masters Are Locked In A Deadly Relationship.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Administration of Family Planning Grants Awarded to Genesee Family Planning Program, Inc. HRD-78-24. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thixton, Hana Lea. 2017. “Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera Leucophaea) in Illinois.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meyerowitz, Rick, and Sean Kelly. 2007. “Box Seats; THE BIRDS OF SUMMER.” New York Times, May 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dlakic 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dlakic 2001; Fritz and Kroneck 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fritz and Kroneck 2015)
  • Three authors: (Bloom, Canning, and Fink 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Crittenden et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Education Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)1350-4622
ISSN (online)1469-5871

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