How to format your references using the IEEE Electron Device Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electron Device Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Kessler, “Prevention: Air of danger,” Nature, vol. 509, no. 7502, pp. S62-3, May 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Zhang and A. R. Ferré-D’Amaré, “Co-crystal structure of a T-box riboswitch stem I domain in complex with its cognate tRNA,” Nature, vol. 500, no. 7462, pp. 363–366, Aug. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Gil, A. Kott, and A.-L. Barabási, “A genetic epidemiology approach to cyber-security,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5659, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. S. Alkuraya, I. Saadi, J. J. Lund, A. Turbe-Doan, C. C. Morton, and R. L. Maas, “SUMO1 haploinsufficiency leads to cleft lip and palate,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5794, p. 1751, Sep. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Rodriguez and D. Bonne, Stereoselective Multiple Bond-Forming Transformations in Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
S. Khurshid and K. Sen, Eds., Runtime Verification: Second International Conference, RV 2011, San Francisco, CA, USA, September 27-30, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 7186. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Huber and F. Hahne, “Cell-Based Assays,” in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Solutions Using R and Bioconductor, R. Gentleman, V. J. Carey, W. Huber, R. A. Irizarry, and S. Dudoit, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2005, pp. 71–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electron Device Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Six Awesome Facts We Learned About Pluto This Week,” IFLScience, 15-Jul-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Managers Need To Provide Better Protection for Federal Automatic Data Processing Facilities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, FGMSD-76-40, May 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y.-J. Lee, “Copying and summarizing: Possible tools to develop English reading and writing for university students of different proficiency levels in Korea,” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Surico, “Model Pet? Try a Rat,” New York Times, p. MB1, 08-Jun-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electron Device Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Electron Device Lett.
ISSN (print)0741-3106
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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