How to format your references using the Environment International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Jong, T., 2006. Computer simulations. Technological advances in inquiry learning. Science 312, 532–533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones-Smith, K., Mathur, H., 2006. Fractal Analysis: revisiting Pollock’s drip paintings. Nature 444, E9-10; discussion E10-11.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nesvorný, D., Vokrouhlický, D., Bottke, W.F., 2006. The breakup of a main-belt asteroid 450 thousand years ago. Science 312, 1490.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Houze, R.A., Jr, Chen, S.S., Smull, B.F., Lee, W.-C., Bell, M.M., 2007. Hurricane intensity and eyewall replacement. Science 315, 1235–1239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cotarca, L., Eckert, H., 2005. Phosgenations - A Handbook. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Villarreal, F.J. (Ed.), 2005. Interstitial Fibrosis in Heart Failure, Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kar, S., Datta, D., 2015. Risk Sharing and Rent Sharing in the Labor Market, in: Datta, D. (Ed.), Industrial and Labor Economics: Issues in Developing and Transition Countries, India Studies in Business and Economics. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 87–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment International.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Russia Shows Off Its So-Called “Super Nukes” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Progress and Challenges Associated with the Transformation of the National Airspace System (No. GAO-07-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klooster, E.C.-R., 2010. Identifying differences in student traditionalities of remedial math students, adjusted for efficacy (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. A Y.M.C.A. Changes Its Tune by Offering Office Space. New York Times 1412.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Jong, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (de Jong, 2006; Jones-Smith and Mathur, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones-Smith and Mathur, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Houze et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment International
AbbreviationEnviron. Int.
ISSN (print)0160-4120
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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