How to format your references using the Environment International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perry, M.L., 2015. BATTERIES. Expanding the chemical space for redox flow batteries. Science 349, 1452.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rodríguez-Trelles, F., Rodríguez, M.A., 2007. Comment on “Global genetic change tracks global climate warming in Drosophila subobscura.” Science 315, 1497; author reply 1497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jakobsen, L., Ratcliffe, J.M., Surlykke, A., 2013. Convergent acoustic field of view in echolocating bats. Nature 493, 93–96.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hillman, T.R., Yamauchi, T., Choi, W., Dasari, R.R., Feld, M.S., Park, Y., Yaqoob, Z., 2013. Digital optical phase conjugation for delivering two-dimensional images through turbid media. Sci. Rep. 3, 1909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mamishev, A., Williams, S., 2010. Technical Writing for Teams. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zhou, J., Yung, M. (Eds.), 2010. Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 8th International Conference, ACNS 2010, Beijing, China, June 22-25, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pereira, L., Alves, M., 2012. Dyes—Environmental Impact and Remediation, in: Malik, A., Grohmann, E. (Eds.), Environmental Protection Strategies for Sustainable Development. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 111–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment International.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. According To This Sleep Expert, Work And School Shouldn’t Start Until After 10am [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Estimated Cost of Supporting Set-Top Boxes to Help Advance the DTV Transition (No. GAO-05-258T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poldervaart, P.G., 2010. A qualitative study of nursing didactic programs: Novice nurses’ perception of competence, confidence, and retention (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Pick a Pocket, Any Pocket. New York Times E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perry, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Perry, 2015; Rodríguez-Trelles and Rodríguez, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rodríguez-Trelles and Rodríguez, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hillman et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment International
AbbreviationEnviron. Int.
ISSN (print)0160-4120
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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