How to format your references using the Environment International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environment International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boughman, J., 2007. Great expectations. Nature 447, 752.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tatar, M., Rand, D.M., 2002. Aging. Dietary advice on Q. Science 295, 54–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong, J., Yang, G., McHaourab, H.S., 2005. Structural basis of energy transduction in the transport cycle of MsbA. Science 308, 1023–1028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mostaço-Guidolin, L.B., Ko, A.C.-T., Wang, F., Xiang, B., Hewko, M., Tian, G., Major, A., Shiomi, M., Sowa, M.G., 2013. Collagen morphology and texture analysis: from statistics to classification. Sci. Rep. 3, 2190.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheldrake, P., 2014. The Spiritual City. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Gurevych, I., Kim, J. (Eds.), 2013. The People’s Web Meets NLP: Collaboratively Constructed Language Resources, Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bodyanskiy, Y., Vynokurova, O., Pliss, I., Peleshko, D., Rashkevych, Y., 2016. Hybrid Generalized Additive Wavelet-Neuro-Fuzzy-System and Its Adaptive Learning, in: Zamojski, W., Mazurkiewicz, J., Sugier, J., Walkowiak, T., Kacprzyk, J. (Eds.), Dependability Engineering and Complex Systems: Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Dependability and Complex Systems DepCoS-RELCOMEX. June 27–July 1, 2016, Brunów, Poland, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environment International.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. So You Want To Build A Death Star? Here’s How To Get Started [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Federal Family Education Loan Program: More Oversight Is Needed for Schools That Are Lenders (No. GAO-05-184). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, S.S., 2006. Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Pols, M., 2015. With Friends Like These. New York Times BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boughman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Boughman, 2007; Tatar and Rand, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tatar and Rand, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Mostaço-Guidolin et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironment International
AbbreviationEnviron. Int.
ISSN (print)0160-4120
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

Other styles