How to format your references using the GMS Medizin - Bibliothek - Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GMS Medizin - Bibliothek - Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Macilwain C. World Bank is urged to give greater priority to science. Nature. 2000 Sep 21;407(6802):276.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Klein G, Klein E. Bridge or ravine? Nature. 2001 Sep 27;413(6854):365.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Jaffer H, Adjei IM, Labhasetwar V. Optical imaging to map blood-brain barrier leakage. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 1;3:3117.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Relph RA, Guasco TL, Elliott BM, Kamrath MZ, McCoy AB, Steele RP, et al. How the shape of an H-bonded network controls proton-coupled water activation in HONO formation. Science. 2010 Jan 15;327(5963):308–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Trayed and Packed Columns. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Backhouse R, Gibbons J, Hinze R, Jeuring J, editors. Datatype-Generic Programming: International Spring School, SSDGP 2006, Nottingham, UK, April 24–27, 2006, Revised Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. XI, 372 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4719).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Boeyens JCA. Calculation of Atomic Structure. In: Boeyens JCA, Comba P, editors. Electronic Structure and Number Theory: Bohr’s Boldest Dream. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 71–91. (Structure and Bonding).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GMS Medizin - Bibliothek - Information.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. New Explanation For Earthquake Supercycles [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/new-explanation-earthquake-supercycles/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Railroad Safety: Human Factor Accidents and Issues Affecting Engineer Work Schedules. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jul. Report No.: RCED-93-160BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Payan Venegas R. Factors associated with the lack of a regular health care provider for Latinos: Consequences and reasons [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. Boat Loss Hampers Upkeep at Castle. New York Times. 2009 Mar 15;WE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleGMS Medizin - Bibliothek - Information
ISSN (print)1865-066X
Scope

Other styles