How to format your references using the EJNMMI Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJNMMI Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wang L. Amersham Prize winner. Expanding the genetic code. Science. 2003;302:584–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Reznick DN, Ricklefs RE. Darwin’s bridge between microevolution and macroevolution. Nature. 2009;457:837–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bauer P, Thorpe A, Brunet G. The quiet revolution of numerical weather prediction. Nature. 2015;525:47–55.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dang L, White DW, Gross S, Bennett BD, Bittinger MA, Driggers EM, et al. Cancer-associated IDH1 mutations produce 2-hydroxyglutarate. Nature. 2010;465:966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rémond Y, Ahzi S, Baniassadi M, Garmestani H. Applied RVE Reconstruction and Homogenization of Heterogeneous Materials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Chow SSM, Camenisch J, Hui LCK, Yiu SM, editors. Information Security: 17th International Conference, ISC 2014, Hong Kong, China, October 12-14, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. García-Alcaraz JL, Maldonado-Macías AA. Research Methodology. In: Macías AAM, editor. Just-in-Time Elements and Benefits. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 89–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJNMMI Physics.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. NASA To Make A “Surprising” Announcement About Jupiter’s Moon Europa Next Monday. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Potential Default and Cost Reduction Options. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jan. Report No.: HRD-88-52BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gan K. A Parity-Violating Spin Rotation Measurement of Transversely Polarized Cold Neutrons Through a Liquid Helium Target [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. After Defeat, Islip Republicans Scramble to Find an Entry. New York Times. 2007 May 20;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEJNMMI Physics
AbbreviationEJNMMI Phys.
ISSN (online)2197-7364
Scope

Other styles