How to format your references using the Engineering in Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering in Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens, B., Batteries. Nature 2015, 526, S89.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hochedlinger, K., Jaenisch, R., Nuclear reprogramming and pluripotency. Nature 2006, 441, 1061–1067.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koh, K., Zheng, X., Sehgal, A., JETLAG resets the Drosophila circadian clock by promoting light-induced degradation of TIMELESS. Science 2006, 312, 1809–1812.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sancey, L., Motto-Ros, V., Busser, B., Kotb, S., et al., Laser spectrometry for multi-elemental imaging of biological tissues. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6065.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brandimarte, P., Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ 2014.
An edited book
Alcaraz, M.J., Gualillo, O., Sánchez-Pernaute, O. (Eds.), Studies on Arthritis and Joint Disorders, Springer, New York, NY 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Eladawi, A.E., Diab, T.O., Elmetwally, H.T., Forming Temperature Investigation of Aluminum and Aluminum/Silicon Carbide Using Image Texture Features, in: Öchsner, A., Altenbach, H. (Eds.), Machining, Joining and Modifications of Advanced Materials, Springer, Singapore 2016, pp. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering in Life Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., Siberian Jays Know Who Their Family Are, Even If They’re Only Distantly Related. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Transportation: NASA Has No Firm Need for Increasingly Costly Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De La Cruz, E., School social work programing for an elementary school: A grant writing project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
As Told to, WHY WE TRAVEL | MOSCOW. New York Times 2007, 517.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering in Life Sciences
AbbreviationEng. Life Sci.
ISSN (print)1618-0240
ISSN (online)1618-2863
Environmental Engineering

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