How to format your references using the Energy Strategy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Strategy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Blumenthal, Ecology. Interrelated causes of plant invasion, Science. 310 (2005) 243–244.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Withers, G.A. Neumann, Enigmatic northern plains of Mars, Nature. 410 (2001) 651.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z. Zhang, K. Shibahara, B. Stillman, PCNA connects DNA replication to epigenetic inheritance in yeast, Nature. 408 (2000) 221–225.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Ding, L. Zhao, H. Chu, N. Tong, C. Ni, Z. Hu, Z. Zhang, M. Wang, Assessing the effectiveness of problem-based learning of preventive medicine education in China, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5126.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Tasman, J. Kay, R.J. Ursano, The Psychiatric Interview, John Wiley & Sons, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
E. Rosenberg, The Hologenome Concept: Human, Animal and Plant Microbiota, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Krickeberg, V.T. Pham, T.M.H. Pham, Infectious Diseases: Modelling, Immunity, in: V.T. Pham, T.M.H. Pham (Eds.), Epidemiology: Key to Prevention, Springer, New York, NY, 2012: pp. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Strategy Reviews.

Blog post
D. Andrew, How The Insights Of The Large Hadron Collider Are Being Made Open To Everyone, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Manned Undersea Science and Technology Needs Focus and Direction, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Hankins, A policy analysis of the Americans with Disability Act of 1990, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander, Stevenson Also Seeking Maturity, New York Times. (2000) D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Strategy Reviews
AbbreviationEnergy Strat. Rev.
ISSN (print)2211-467X
ScopeEnergy (miscellaneous)

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