How to format your references using the Energy Strategy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Strategy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Scully, Obesity, Nature. 508 (2014) S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Andreasen, M. Sharma, Comment on “Neodymium-142 evidence for Hadean mafic crust,” Science. 325 (2009) 267; author reply 267.
A journal article with 3 authors
W.J. Lederer, B.M. Hagen, G. Zhao, Cell biology. Superresolution subspace signaling, Science. 336 (2012) 546–547.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Ota, R. Horisaki, Y. Kawamura, M. Ugawa, I. Sato, K. Hashimoto, R. Kamesawa, K. Setoyama, S. Yamaguchi, K. Fujiu, K. Waki, H. Noji, Ghost cytometry, Science. 360 (2018) 1246–1251.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.M. Scott, World Wide Rave, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
T. Kovacs, X. Llorà, K. Takadama, P.L. Lanzi, W. Stolzmann, S.W. Wilson, eds., Learning Classifier Systems: International Workshops, IWLCS 2003-2005, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Ferro, G. Munnelly, C. Hampson, O. Conlan, Fostering Interaction with Cultural Heritage Material via Annotations: The FAST-CAT Way, in: T. Catarci, N. Ferro, A. Poggi (Eds.), Bridging Between Cultural Heritage Institutions: 9th Italian Research Conference, IRCDL 2013, Rome, Italy, January 31–February 1, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Strategy Reviews.

Blog post
J. Davis, Norwegian Hikers Encouraged To Collect Bear Poop, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Research: The Second Strategic Highway Research Program Addresses the Four Required Areas, but Some Anticipated Research Was Not Funded, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.T. Charpentier, Why Dey Talk Like Dat?: A Study of the Status of Cajun English as a Dialect or an Accent, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Voice of Calm, New York Times. (2002) 625.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Strategy Reviews
AbbreviationEnergy Strat. Rev.
ISSN (print)2211-467X
ScopeEnergy (miscellaneous)

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