How to format your references using the Energy Strategy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Strategy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Alberts, DNA replication and recombination, Nature. 421 (2003) 431–435.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Picollo, M. Pusch, Chloride/proton antiporter activity of mammalian CLC proteins ClC-4 and ClC-5, Nature. 436 (2005) 420–423.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. O’Connor, R. Ono, C. Clarkson, Pelagic fishing at 42,000 years before the present and the maritime skills of modern humans, Science. 334 (2011) 1117–1121.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.M. Bautista, J. Siemens, J.M. Glazer, P.R. Tsuruda, A.I. Basbaum, C.L. Stucky, S.-E. Jordt, D. Julius, The menthol receptor TRPM8 is the principal detector of environmental cold, Nature. 448 (2007) 204–208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.M. Akers, Lactation and the Mammary Gland, Blackwell Publishing Company, Ames, Iowa, 2016.
An edited book
E.A. Soler, M.P.S. Jordà, eds., Intercultural Language Use and Language Learning, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Barbone, Epidemiologic Considerations on Transsexualism, in: C. Trombetta, G. Liguori, M. Bertolotto (Eds.), Management of Gender Dysphoria: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Springer, Milano, 2015: pp. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Strategy Reviews.

Blog post
D. Andrew, 10 Things You Probably Don’t Know About Orgasms, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Needs of the U.S. Coast Guard in Developing an Effective Recreational Boating Safety Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.M. Farrell, Body composition changes and work-efficiency effects from diet modification and incorporation of an at-home exercise regimen, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Soble, Bankruptcy Of Takata May Ripple For Years, New York Times. (2017) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Strategy Reviews
AbbreviationEnergy Strat. Rev.
ISSN (print)2211-467X
ScopeEnergy (miscellaneous)

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