How to format your references using the Energy Strategy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Energy Strategy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.D. Kawaler, Astronomy. Taking the pulse of a massive star, Science. 300 (2003) 1885–1886.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Rohatgi, M.P. Scott, Cell biology. Arrestin’ movement in cilia, Science. 320 (2008) 1726–1727.
A journal article with 3 authors
F.F. Pollitz, C. Wicks, W. Thatcher, Mantle flow beneath a continental strike-slip fault: postseismic deformation after the 1999 Hector Mine earthquake, Science. 293 (2001) 1814–1818.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.J. Greenberg, J.R. Moran, J.A. Coyne, C.-I. Wu, Ecological adaptation during incipient speciation revealed by precise gene replacement, Science. 302 (2003) 1754–1757.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.A. Alberty, Enzyme Kinetics: Rapid-Equilibrium Enzyme Kinetics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
S. Saminger-Platz, R. Mesiar, eds., On Logical, Algebraic, and Probabilistic Aspects of Fuzzy Set Theory, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Granados, E. Mayer, C. Norton, D. Ellis, M. Mobasheri, N. Low-Beer, J. Higham, R. Kneebone, F. Bello, Haptics Modelling for Digital Rectal Examinations, in: F. Bello, S. Cotin (Eds.), Biomedical Simulation: 6th International Symposium, ISBMS 2014, Strasbourg, France, October 16-17, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 40–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Energy Strategy Reviews.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Newly Discovered Marsupial Will Literally Have Sex Until It Disintegrates, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Diploma Mills: Federal Employees Have Obtained Degrees from Diploma Mills and Other Unaccredited Schools, Some at Government Expense, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Zepeda, Housing First assertive community treatment program for adults with schizophrenia and co-occurring substance abuse: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Debt Plan Still Fragile for Puerto Rico Utility, Lawmakers Are Told, New York Times. (2016) B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnergy Strategy Reviews
AbbreviationEnergy Strat. Rev.
ISSN (print)2211-467X
ScopeEnergy (miscellaneous)

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