How to format your references using the Human Mutation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Mutation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parasnis D. 2000. Proteins and the naked truth about e-commerce. Nature 403:129–130.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hussain NK, Sheng M. 2005. Neuroscience. Making synapses: a balancing act. Science 307:1207–1208.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lenton TM, Schellnhuber HJ, Szathmáry E. 2004. Climbing the co-evolution ladder. Nature 431:913.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Andersson M, Malehmir A, Troll VR, Dehghannejad M, Juhlin C, Ask M. 2013. Carbonatite ring-complexes explained by caldera-style volcanism. Sci Rep 3:1677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eye A von, Mun E-Y. 2012. Log-Linear Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ali M, Dapoigny Reditors. 2006. Advances in Applied Artificial Intelligence: 19th International Conference on Industrial, Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2006, Annecy, France, June 27-30, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XLVI, 1356 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke A, Phillips T. 2012. Archaeology for All? Inclusive Policies for Field Schools. In: Mytum H, editor. Global Perspectives on Archaeological Field Schools: Constructions of Knowledge and Experience, New York, NY: Springer, p 41–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Mutation.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard JT. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. 1999.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parasnis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Parasnis, 2000; Hussain and Sheng, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hussain and Sheng, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Andersson et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Mutation
AbbreviationHum. Mutat.
ISSN (print)1059-7794
ISSN (online)1098-1004

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