How to format your references using the Human Mutation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Mutation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V. 2008. Building up to an HIV vaccines. Nature 456:418.
A journal article with 2 authors
York JD, Hunter T. 2004. Signal transduction. Unexpected mediators of protein phosphorylation. Science 306:2053–2055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Corcoran AJ, Barber JR, Conner WE. 2009. Tiger moth jams bat sonar. Science 325:325–327.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Field J, Shreeves G, Sumner S, Casiraghi M. 2000. Insurance-based advantage to helpers in a tropical hover wasp. Nature 404:869–871.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taroni F, Biedermann A, Bozza S, Garbolino P, Aitken C. 2014. Bayesian Networks for Probabilistic Inference and Decision Analysis in Forensic Science. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Alcaraz MJ, Gualillo O, Sánchez-Pernaute Oeditors. 2013. Studies on Arthritis and Joint Disorders. New York, NY: Springer. XII, 411 p. 41 illus., 15 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaleem A, Ahmad S. 2016. Bankers’ Perception towards Bai Salam Method for Agriculture Financing in Pakistan. In: Harrison T, Ibrahim E, editors. Islamic Finance: Principles, Performance and Prospects, Cham: Springer International Publishing, p 66–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Mutation.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim M. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Baker AL. 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (York and Hunter, 2004; Gewin, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (York and Hunter, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Field et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Mutation
AbbreviationHum. Mutat.
ISSN (print)1059-7794
ISSN (online)1098-1004

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