How to format your references using the Human Mutation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Mutation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H. 2005. Ontario. Nature 434:676–677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson WG, Goldstein SL. 2005. Open-system coral ages reveal persistent suborbital sea-level cycles. Science 308:401–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reinhard CT, Planavsky NJ, Lyons TW. 2013. Long-term sedimentary recycling of rare sulphur isotope anomalies. Nature 497:100–103.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Zhang J, Liu Y-X, Ozdemir SK, Wu R-B, Gao F, Wang X-B, Yang L, Nori F. 2013. Quantum internet using code division multiple access. Sci Rep 3:2211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Declerck P. 2012. Discrete Event Systems in Dioid Algebra and Conventional Algebra. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Maziarz RT, Slater Seditors. 2011. Blood and Marrow Transplant Handbook: Comprehensive Guide for Patient Care. New York, NY: Springer. XII, 324 p. 7 illus., 3 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Lo Piparo E, Fratev F, Mazzatorta P, Smiesko M, Benfenati E. 2006. Toxicity in allelopathy: In Silico Approach. In: Reigosa MJ, Pedrol N, González L, editors. Allelopathy: A Physiological Process with Ecological Implications, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, p 105–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Mutation.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tiedemann-Fuller PM. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes B. 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag, 2005; Thompson and Goldstein, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Goldstein, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Mutation
AbbreviationHum. Mutat.
ISSN (print)1059-7794
ISSN (online)1098-1004

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