How to format your references using the Human Mutation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Mutation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. 2004. On the road. Nature 427:85.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lutz RA, Falkowski PG. 2012. Ocean science. A dive to Challenger Deep. Science 336:301–302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gill DL, Spassova MA, Soboloff J. 2006. Signal transduction. Calcium entry signals--trickles and torrents. Science 313:183–184.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Belin D, Mar AC, Dalley JW, Robbins TW, Everitt BJ. 2008. High impulsivity predicts the switch to compulsive cocaine-taking. Science 320:1352–1355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vander Vorst A, Rosen A, Kotsuka Y. 2005. RF/Microwave Interaction with Biological Tissues. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Skrzypek JJ, Ganczarski AWeditors. 2015. Mechanics of Anisotropic Materials. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XXIII, 311 p. 191 illus., 14 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Pathan A-SK, Hong CS. 2009. Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. In: Misra S, Woungang I, Chandra Misra S, editors. Guide to Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, London: Springer, p 59–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Mutation.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thixton HL. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2004; Lutz and Falkowski, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lutz and Falkowski, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Belin et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Mutation
AbbreviationHum. Mutat.
ISSN (print)1059-7794
ISSN (online)1098-1004

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