How to format your references using the Endocrine-Related Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endocrine-Related Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbons A 2000 GENOMICS: Building a Case for Sequencing the Chimp. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289 1267a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Y-C & Ferguson EL 2005 Spatial bistability of Dpp-receptor interactions during Drosophila dorsal-ventral patterning. Nature 434 229–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsunami H, Montmayeur JP & Buck LB 2000 A family of candidate taste receptors in human and mouse. Nature 404 601–604.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang Y, Fan H, Xu J, Xiao Y, Xu Y, Li Y & Li X 2013 Network analysis reveals functional cross-links between disease and inflammation genes. Scientific Reports 3 3426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Iyengar SS, Parameshwaran N, Phoha VV, Balakrishnan N & Okoye CD 2010 Fundamentals of Sensor Network Programming. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gaul W, Geyer-Schulz A, Baba Y & Okada A 2014 German-Japanese Interchange of Data Analysis Results. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Doria A 2014 Relativistic Electrons-Based THz Sources: Principles of Operation and the ENEA Experience. In Physics and Applications of Terahertz Radiation, pp 123–148. Eds M Perenzoni & DJ Paul. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endocrine-Related Cancer.

Blog post
Hale T 2016 Over 300 Reindeer Struck Dead By Lightning In Norway. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 Spending Grant Funds More Efficiently Could Save Millions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huynhle M 2017 High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Increases Resilience against Gram-Negative Bacterial Infection in Drosophila Larvae. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2007 For the Chief Justice, a Dissent and a Line in the Sand. New York Times WK12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibbons 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gibbons 2000; Wang & Ferguson 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Ferguson 2005)
  • Three authors: (Matsunami et al. 2000)
  • Four or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndocrine-Related Cancer
AbbreviationEndocr. Relat. Cancer
ISSN (print)1351-0088
ISSN (online)1479-6821
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles