How to format your references using the Endocrine-Related Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endocrine-Related Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P 2002 Building Nordic networks. Nature 420 A3, A5, A7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buehler MJ & Gao H 2006 Dynamical fracture instabilities due to local hyperelasticity at crack tips. Nature 439 307–310.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagemaker M, Kentgens APM & Mulder FM 2002 Equilibrium lithium transport between nanocrystalline phases in intercalated TiO(2) anatase. Nature 418 397–399.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Scully MO, Zubairy MS, Agarwal GS & Walther H 2003 Extracting work from a single heat bath via vanishing quantum coherence. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 862–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdullaeva Z 2017 Nano- and Biomaterials. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gault D 2011 Beginning Oracle Application Express 4. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Bosco MC & Varesio L 2014 Hypoxia and Gene Expression. In Hypoxia and Cancer: Biological Implications and Therapeutic Opportunities, pp 91–119. Ed G Melillo. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endocrine-Related Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew D 2016 Could Dragons On Westeros Fly? Aeronautical Engineering And Maths Say They Could. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2015 Screening Partnership Program: Improved Cost Estimates Can Enhance Program Decision Making. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi KK 2010 Conspiracy and alternative crimes in the Military Commissions Act of 2009: Is There a Way Out? Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M 2017 Denver Weather? ‘Frozen’. New York Times AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2002; Buehler & Gao 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buehler & Gao 2006)
  • Three authors: (Wagemaker et al. 2002)
  • Four or more authors: (Scully et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndocrine-Related Cancer
AbbreviationEndocr. Relat. Cancer
ISSN (print)1351-0088
ISSN (online)1479-6821
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles