How to format your references using the Endocrine-Related Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endocrine-Related Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sassen K 2005 Meteorology: dusty ice clouds over Alaska. Nature 434 456.
A journal article with 2 authors
van der Zwaag D & Meijer EW 2015 SELF-ORGANIZATION. Fueling connections between chemistry and biology. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 1056–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li ACY, Petruccione F & Koch J 2014 Perturbative approach to Markovian open quantum systems. Scientific Reports 4 4887.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lukhtanov VA, Kandul NP, Plotkin JB, Dantchenko AV, Haig D & Pierce NE 2005 Reinforcement of pre-zygotic isolation and karyotype evolution in Agrodiaetus butterflies. Nature 436 385–389.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nappi E & Peskov V 2013 Imaging Gaseous Detectors and Their Applications. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Friend M, Goethe NB & Harizanov VS 2007 Induction, Algorithmic Learning Theory, and Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshiuchi K 2014 Momentary Measurement of Psychosocial Factors. In Psychosocial Factors at Work in the Asia Pacific, pp 117–125. Eds MF Dollard, A Shimazu, R Bin Nordin, P Brough & MR Tuckey. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endocrine-Related Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 The Big Friendly Giants of the Cambrian Ocean. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1995 Intercity Passenger Rail: Financial and Operating Conditions Threaten Amtrak’s Long-Term Viability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gullett DL 2017 Lived Experience of Suffering through the 2010 Earthquake in Haiti. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo K 2015 What Tim Cope Learned from the Nomads. New York Times TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sassen 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sassen 2005; van der Zwaag & Meijer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van der Zwaag & Meijer 2015)
  • Three authors: (Li et al. 2014)
  • Four or more authors: (Lukhtanov et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndocrine-Related Cancer
AbbreviationEndocr. Relat. Cancer
ISSN (print)1351-0088
ISSN (online)1479-6821
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles