How to format your references using the Endocrine-Related Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endocrine-Related Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perepezko JH 2009 Materials science. The hotter the engine, the better. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 1068–1069.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smetacek V & Cloern JE 2008 Oceans. On phytoplankton trends. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 1346–1348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hillebrandt H, Friston KJ & Blakemore S-J 2014 Effective connectivity during animacy perception--dynamic causal modelling of Human Connectome Project data. Scientific Reports 4 6240.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
La Manno G, Soldatov R, Zeisel A, Braun E, Hochgerner H, Petukhov V, Lidschreiber K, Kastriti ME, Lönnerberg P, Furlan A et al. 2018 RNA velocity of single cells. Nature 560 494–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hansen KL & Zenobia KE 2011 Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Colliot-Thélène J-L 2010 Arithmetic Geometry: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School Held in Cetraro, Italy, September 10-15, 2007. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sanati S & Allred DC 2011 The Progression of Pre-invasive to Invasive Cancer. In Pre-Invasive Disease: Pathogenesis and Clinical Management, pp 65–76. Ed RC Fitzgerald. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endocrine-Related Cancer.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2017 NASA Wants To Build A Mini Space Station Near The Moon. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1971 Use of ADP Equipment Operated by Three or Four Typical Government Contractors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguilar M 2010 Latina single mothers: Perspectives on parenting. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J 2017 Europeans Vote to Alter Visa Rules of Americans. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perepezko 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Smetacek & Cloern 2008; Perepezko 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smetacek & Cloern 2008)
  • Three authors: (Hillebrandt et al. 2014)
  • Four or more authors: (La Manno et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndocrine-Related Cancer
AbbreviationEndocr. Relat. Cancer
ISSN (print)1351-0088
ISSN (online)1479-6821
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles