How to format your references using the Endocrine-Related Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endocrine-Related Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin E 2015 Technology: Barriers to misuse. Nature 522 S60-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perry B & Sones K 2007 Science for development. Poverty reduction through animal health. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 333–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yue J-D, Zhang Y-R & Fan H 2014 Quantum-enhanced metrology for multiple phase estimation with noise. Scientific Reports 4 5933.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choi J-H, Li Z, Cui P, Fan X, Zhang H, Zeng C & Zhang Z 2013 Drastic reduction in the growth temperature of graphene on copper via enhanced London dispersion force. Scientific Reports 3 1925.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clark M 2006 Understanding Diabetes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Emmer M 2013 Imagine Math 2: Between Culture and Mathematics. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Štengl V, Henych J, Janoš P & Skoumal M 2016 Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Stoichiometric Degradation of Chemical Warfare Agents. In Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 236, pp 239–258. Ed P de Voogt. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endocrine-Related Cancer.

Blog post
Davis J 2017 Researchers May Have Cracked Why Orcas Undergo Menopause. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990 Space Operations: NASA Is Not Archiving All Potentially Valuable Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joshi RA 2010 Adaptive nulling in multiple beam antennas using quantized state adaptive algorithms. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M 2017 Mom and Pop Own Fewer Rentals. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin 2015, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perry & Sones 2007)
  • Three authors: (Yue et al. 2014)
  • Four or more authors: (Choi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndocrine-Related Cancer
AbbreviationEndocr. Relat. Cancer
ISSN (print)1351-0088
ISSN (online)1479-6821
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles