How to format your references using the Endocrine-Related Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endocrine-Related Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hartmann WK 2000 The paradigm and the pendulum. Nature 404 817.
A journal article with 2 authors
McAdams HH & Shapiro L 2003 A bacterial cell-cycle regulatory network operating in time and space. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 1874–1877.
A journal article with 3 authors
GrandPré T, Li S & Strittmatter SM 2002 Nogo-66 receptor antagonist peptide promotes axonal regeneration. Nature 417 547–551.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Potočnik A, Krajnc A, Jeglič P, Takabayashi Y, Ganin AY, Prassides K, Rosseinsky MJ & Arčon D 2014 Size and symmetry of the superconducting gap in the f.c.c. Cs3C60 polymorph close to the metal-Mott insulator boundary. Scientific Reports 4 4265.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Straus SE & Sackett DL 2013 Mentorship in Academic Medicine. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Müller C 2007 Speaker Classification I: Fundamentals, Features, and Methods. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Castro Solano A & Aristegui I 2014 Cultural Competences of International Students: Its Role on Successful Sociocultural and Psychological Adaptation. In Positive Psychology in Latin America, pp 89–110. Ed A Castro Solano. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endocrine-Related Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Four Myths About Allergies You Thought Were True – But Aren’t. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2000 State Department: Progress and Challenges in Addressing Management Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkerson K 2010 A comprehensive educational program for male and female teen parents: A grant proposal. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B 2017 Theater; The Class Divide, And Its Lessons. New York Times AR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hartmann 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hartmann 2000; McAdams & Shapiro 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McAdams & Shapiro 2003)
  • Three authors: (GrandPré et al. 2002)
  • Four or more authors: (Potočnik et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndocrine-Related Cancer
AbbreviationEndocr. Relat. Cancer
ISSN (print)1351-0088
ISSN (online)1479-6821
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles