How to format your references using the Endocrine-Related Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endocrine-Related Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Risaliti G 2014 Astrophysics: Cosmic lens reveals spinning black hole. Nature 507 173–174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Evenson RE & Gollin D 2003 Assessing the impact of the green revolution, 1960 to 2000. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 758–762.
A journal article with 3 authors
Norris DJ, Efros AL & Erwin SC 2008 Doped nanocrystals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 1776–1779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ortlepp T, Ariando, Mielke O, Verwijs CJM, Foo KFK, Rogalla H, Uhlmann FH & Hilgenkamp H 2006 Flip-flopping fractional flux quanta. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 1495–1497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisk P 2013 Chemical Risk Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sumathi S 2015 Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems: An Introduction to Theory, Modeling with MATLAB/SIMULINK, and the Role of Soft Computing Techniques. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mitchell SA & Meals RA 2012 Surgical Options for Failed Thumb Basal Joint Arthroplasty. In Reoperative Hand Surgery, pp 67–77. Ed SFM Duncan. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endocrine-Related Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 New Technique Will Allow Robot To Perform Brain Surgery Through Cheek. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2010 DOD Business Transformation: Improved Management Oversight of Business System Modernization Efforts Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armani MD 2010 Nucleic acid extraction and detection across two-dimensional tissue samples. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E 1998 Publication Gives 2 Neighborhoods Unwanted Local Color. New York Times 149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Risaliti 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Evenson & Gollin 2003; Risaliti 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Evenson & Gollin 2003)
  • Three authors: (Norris et al. 2008)
  • Four or more authors: (Ortlepp et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEndocrine-Related Cancer
AbbreviationEndocr. Relat. Cancer
ISSN (print)1351-0088
ISSN (online)1479-6821
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles