How to format your references using the Emission Control Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emission Control Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, S.C.: ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: In Search of Einstein’s Genius. Science. 289, 1477 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Falk, A., Heckman, J.J.: Lab experiments are a major source of knowledge in the social sciences. Science. 326, 535–538 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kane Dickson, V., Pedi, L., Long, S.B.: Structure and insights into the function of a Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel. Nature. 516, 213–218 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suh, G.S.B., Wong, A.M., Hergarden, A.C., Wang, J.W., Simon, A.F., Benzer, S., Axel, R., Anderson, D.J.: A single population of olfactory sensory neurons mediates an innate avoidance behaviour in Drosophila. Nature. 431, 854–859 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voigtman, E.: Limits of Detection in Chemical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey (2017)
An edited book
Merci, B., Roekaerts, D., Sadiki, A. eds: Experiments and Numerical Simulations of Diluted Spray Turbulent Combustion: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Turbulent Spray Combustion. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Melia, F.: The Galactic Nucleus. In: Oswalt, T.D. and Gilmore, G. (eds.) Planets, Stars and Stellar Systems: Volume 5: Galactic Structure and Stellar Populations. pp. 243–270. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emission Control Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Scientists Take Step Forward In Quest To Convert Carbon Dioxide To Biofuel


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: To Date, DISH Network Is Cooperating with the Court-Appointed Special Master’s Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, D.: Subjective strain, anger, and delinquency: Evidence from South Korea, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Biillard, M.: Listen Up, but Good, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEmission Control Science and Technology
AbbreviationEmission Contr. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)2199-3629
ISSN (online)2199-3637

Other styles