How to format your references using the Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bollinger JM Jr. Biochemistry. Electron relay in proteins. Science 2008;320:1730–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bird JP, Ochiai Y. Physics. Electron spin polarization in nanoscale constrictions. Science 2004;303:1621–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neale MJ, Pan J, Keeney S. Endonucleolytic processing of covalent protein-linked DNA double-strand breaks. Nature 2005;436:1053–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rozen S, Skaletsky H, Marszalek JD, Minx PJ, Cordum HS, Waterston RH, et al. Abundant gene conversion between arms of palindromes in human and ape Y chromosomes. Nature 2003;423:873–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond B. Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Book M. Tamed Agility: Pragmatic Contracting and Collaboration in Agile Software Projects. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Gisonni C, Hager WH. Sistemi di pompaggio e dispositivi di controllo. In: Hager WH, editor. Idraulica dei sistemi fognari: Dalla teoria alla pratica, Milano: Springer; 2012, p. 71–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation.

Blog post
Taub B. Why Did Humans Develop So Many Different Languages? IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Issues for Congressional Consideration During Reauthorization of Surface Transportation Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lindsey MM. Sampling frequency for semi-arid streams and rivers: Implications for national parks in the Sonoran Desert Network. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. It’s All in the Family as Princeton Goes for a Title. New York Times 2000:D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation
AbbreviationCommun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simul.
ISSN (print)1007-5704
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Numerical Analysis

Other styles