How to format your references using the Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anthes E. Treatment: Marginal gains. Nature 2014;508:S54-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rutherford S, D’Hondt S. Early onset and tropical forcing of 100,000-year Pleistocene glacial cycles. Nature 2000;408:72–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Branch TA, Hively DJ, Hilborn R. Is the ocean food provision index biased? Nature 2013;495:E5-6; discussion E7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Spinner M, Kovalev A, Gorb SN, Westhoff G. Snake velvet black: hierarchical micro- and nanostructure enhances dark colouration in Bitis rhinoceros. Sci Rep 2013;3:1846.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiasson AD. Geothermal Heat Pump and Heat Engine Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Simon MC, editor. Diverse Effects of Hypoxia on Tumor Progression. vol. 345. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Heemink AW, Hanea RG, Sumihar J, Roest M, Velzen N, Verlaan M. Data Assimilation Algorithms for Numerical Models. In: Koren B, Vuik K, editors. Advanced Computational Methods in Science and Engineering, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 107–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation.

Blog post
Hale T. DEA Just Made It Easier To Research The Medical Use Of Marijuana. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Rail Safety: The Federal Railroad Administration Is Taking Steps to Better Target Its Oversight, but Assessment of Results Is Needed to Determine Impact. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson BD. Application of systems engineering principles for analysis of utility baseline development process. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger S, Davis JH. Once Dominant, U.S. Is Now Isolated at G-20. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation
AbbreviationCommun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simul.
ISSN (print)1007-5704
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Numerical Analysis

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