How to format your references using the Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen MR. Climate forecasting: possible or probable? Nature 2003;425:242.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nowak MA, Sigmund K. Evolution of indirect reciprocity. Nature 2005;437:1291–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavazzi G, Bisio A, Pozzo T. Time perception of visual motion is tuned by the motor representation of human actions. Sci Rep 2013;3:1168.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hooper LV, Wong MH, Thelin A, Hansson L, Falk PG, Gordon JI. Molecular analysis of commensal host-microbial relationships in the intestine. Science 2001;291:881–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Panek W, Wentworth T. Mastering Microsoft® Windows® 7 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Millman RS. Problems and Proofs in Numbers and Algebra. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Stolier A. Surgical Considerations in Partial Breast Irradiation. In: Wazer DE, Arthur DW, Vicini FA, editors. Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation: Techniques and Clinical Implementation, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 59–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation.

Blog post
Davis J. Gene Linked To Age Perception Discovered. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: Results of Review of First Automated Commercial Environment Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Altassan MA. Employee Training to Increase Efficiency in the Saudi Private Sector. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood C. Transfixed by a Burbling Fountain of Youth. New York Times 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation
AbbreviationCommun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simul.
ISSN (print)1007-5704
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Numerical Analysis

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