How to format your references using the Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horton JD. Physiology. Unfolding lipid metabolism. Science 2008;320:1433–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hager R, Johnstone RA. The genetic basis of family conflict resolution in mice. Nature 2003;421:533–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maini PK, Baker RE, Chuong C-M. Developmental biology. The Turing model comes of molecular age. Science 2006;314:1397–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Peña PV, Davrazou F, Shi X, Walter KL, Verkhusha VV, Gozani O, et al. Molecular mechanism of histone H3K4me3 recognition by plant homeodomain of ING2. Nature 2006;442:100–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pollak P. Fine Chemicals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Barni M, Herrera-Joancomartí J, Katzenbeisser S, Pérez-González F, editors. Information Hiding: 7th International Workshop, IH 2005, Barcelona, Spain, June 6-8, 2005. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 3727. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Zahiri S-H, Seyedin S-A. Using Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization for Designing Novel Classifiers. In: Coello CAC, Dehuri S, Ghosh S, editors. Swarm Intelligence for Multi-objective Problems in Data Mining, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 65–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation.

Blog post
Fang J. Vomiting Machine Shows How Viruses Spread Through The Air. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Program To Increase Graduates From Health Professions Schools and Improve the Quality of Their Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leonard JM. The Effect of Manufacturing Establishments on Local Area per Capita Personal Income in the U.S. 1967-1990. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. Classy Comfort Food in Relaxed Settings. New York Times 2014:LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation
AbbreviationCommun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simul.
ISSN (print)1007-5704
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Numerical Analysis

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