How to format your references using the Emerging Markets Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emerging Markets Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turk-Browne, N.B., 2013. Functional interactions as big data in the human brain. Science 342, 580–584.
A journal article with 2 authors
Behar, S.M., Sassetti, C.M., 2014. Immunology: Fixing the odds against tuberculosis. Nature 511, 39–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zorzi, M., Priftis, K., Umiltà, C., 2002. Brain damage: neglect disrupts the mental number line. Nature 417, 138–139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baimuratov, A.S., Rukhlenko, I.D., Turkov, V.K., Ponomareva, I.O., Leonov, M.Y., Perova, T.S., Berwick, K., Baranov, A.V., Fedorov, A.V., 2014. Level anticrossing of impurity states in semiconductor nanocrystals. Sci. Rep. 4, 6917.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zonnenshain, A., Stauber, S., 2015. Managing and Engineering Complex Technological Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Runde, V., 2005. A Taste of Topology, Universitext. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Redaelli, A., Vesentini, S., Gautieri, A., Zunino, P., 2013. Multiscale modeling of diffusion phenomena in polymers, in: Buehler, M.J., Ballarini, R. (Eds.), Materiomics: Multiscale Mechanics of Biological Materials and Structures, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Springer, Vienna, pp. 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emerging Markets Review.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. How Does A Computer Know Where You’re Looking? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: FAA Continues to Make Important Strides, But Vulnerabilities Remain (No. T-AIMD-99-285). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duley, L.A., 2012. A Qualitative Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Women Remaining in Abusive Relationships (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M.R., 2017. In Mosul’s Endgame, Escape Proves Harrowing and Surrender Unlikely. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turk-Browne, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Behar and Sassetti, 2014; Turk-Browne, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Behar and Sassetti, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Baimuratov et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmerging Markets Review
AbbreviationEmerg. Mark. Rev.
ISSN (print)1566-0141
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles