How to format your references using the Emerging Markets Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emerging Markets Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angell, C.A., 2008. Insights into phases of liquid water from study of its unusual glass-forming properties. Science 319, 582–587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Timmermann, A., Menviel, L., 2009. Climate change. What drives climate flip-flops? Science 325, 273–274.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ishishita, S., Matsuda, Y., Kitada, K., 2014. Genetic evidence suggests that Spata22 is required for the maintenance of Rad51 foci in mammalian meiosis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6148.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, G.D., Chen, J., Hoffmann, C., Bittinger, K., Chen, Y.-Y., Keilbaugh, S.A., Bewtra, M., Knights, D., Walters, W.A., Knight, R., Sinha, R., Gilroy, E., Gupta, K., Baldassano, R., Nessel, L., Li, H., Bushman, F.D., Lewis, J.D., 2011. Linking long-term dietary patterns with gut microbial enterotypes. Science 334, 105–108.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malpass, D.B., 2010. Introduction to Industrial Polyethylene. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Howard, J.A., Hood, E.E. (Eds.), 2014. Commercial Plant-Produced Recombinant Protein Products: Case Studies, Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas, T.J., Zwinderman, A.H., 2013. Quality-of-Life (QOL) Assessments with Odds Ratios, in: Zwinderman, A.H. (Ed.), Machine Learning in Medicine: Part Two. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 39–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emerging Markets Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Even The Pope Gets It – Carbon Markets Won’t Fix The Climate [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. Selected Aspects of the Army’s Aviation Maintenance Program (No. 092929). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heffner, M.D., 2017. Informing Decision-Making for Derailments Involving Hazmat: An Analysis of Phmsa Train Accident Data (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. For a New Mother, It’s a Quick Return to Work. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angell, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Angell, 2008; Timmermann and Menviel, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Timmermann and Menviel, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmerging Markets Review
AbbreviationEmerg. Mark. Rev.
ISSN (print)1566-0141
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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