How to format your references using the Emerging Markets Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emerging Markets Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carrel, L., 2006. Molecular biology. “X”-rated chromosomal rendezvous. Science 311, 1107–1109.
A journal article with 2 authors
Treseder, K.K., Holden, S.R., 2013. Ecology. Fungal carbon sequestration. Science 339, 1528–1529.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön, J.H., Kloc, C., Batlogg, B., 2000. Superconductivity at 52 K in hole-doped C60. Nature 408, 549–552.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rajkovic, A., Pangas, S.A., Ballow, D., Suzumori, N., Matzuk, M.M., 2004. NOBOX deficiency disrupts early folliculogenesis and oocyte-specific gene expression. Science 305, 1157–1159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kivy, P., 2011. Once-Told Tales. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Fricker, G., Ott, M., Mahringer, A. (Eds.), 2014. The Blood Brain Barrier (BBB), Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kammueller, F., 2012. A Security Model for Functional Active Objects, in: Cipolla-Ficarra, F., Veltman, K., Cipolla-Ficarra, M., Kratky, A. (Eds.), Communicability, Computer Graphics and Innovative Design for Interactive Systems: First International Symposium, CCGIDIS 2011, Córdoba, Spain, June 28-29, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 42–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emerging Markets Review.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Freddie Mercury Gets His Own Asteroid For 70th Birthday [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Space Exploration: NASA’s Deep Space Missions Are Experiencing Long Delays (No. NSIAD-88-128BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richey, B., 2014. Exploration of a Tandem Diels-Alder Ugi-Smiles Reaction (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2012. Deconstructing the Legend of Choo Choo. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carrel, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Carrel, 2006; Treseder and Holden, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Treseder and Holden, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Rajkovic et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmerging Markets Review
AbbreviationEmerg. Mark. Rev.
ISSN (print)1566-0141
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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