How to format your references using the Emerging Markets Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emerging Markets Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bray, D., 2001. Reasoning for results. Nature 412, 863.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sharp, P.A., Langer, R., 2011. Research agenda. Promoting convergence in biomedical science. Science 333, 527.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gibbs, K.A., Urbanowski, M.L., Greenberg, E.P., 2008. Genetic determinants of self identity and social recognition in bacteria. Science 321, 256–259.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ng, P.C., Murray, S.S., Levy, S., Venter, J.C., 2009. An agenda for personalized medicine. Nature 461, 724–726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Searle, S.R., 1997. Linear Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Thomas, S., Visakh, P.M., Mathew, A.P. (Eds.), 2013. Advances in Natural Polymers: Composites and Nanocomposites, Advanced Structured Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ding, J., Yang, B.-Y., 2013. Degree of Regularity for HFEv and HFEv-, in: Gaborit, P. (Ed.), Post-Quantum Cryptography: 5th International Workshop, PQCrypto 2013, Limoges, France, June 4-7, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 52–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emerging Markets Review.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Video: Rare Sighting of Live Oarfish [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Federal Research: NASA Should Better Inform Researchers about How to Appeal Dissemination Decisions (No. GAO-10-200). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poudyal Kharel, A., 2015. Pyrolysis Studies of Copper and Copper Phosphate Mixtures on a Tungsten Surface (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. Cyclists: Where to Live in New York. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bray, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bray, 2001; Sharp and Langer, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sharp and Langer, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ng et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmerging Markets Review
AbbreviationEmerg. Mark. Rev.
ISSN (print)1566-0141
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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