How to format your references using the Emerging Markets Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emerging Markets Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Storb, R., 2012. Edward Donnall Thomas (1920-2012). Nature 491, 334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smaglik, P., Smith, A., 2002. Biotech jobs are still around despite the recent bumpy ride. Nature 418, 4–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lai, Y.-T., Cascio, D., Yeates, T.O., 2012. Structure of a 16-nm cage designed by using protein oligomers. Science 336, 1129.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Long, F., Zhu, A., Shi, H., Wang, H., Liu, J., 2013. Rapid on-site/in-situ detection of heavy metal ions in environmental water using a structure-switching DNA optical biosensor. Sci. Rep. 3, 2308.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirwan, M.J., 2013. Handbook of Paper and Paperboard Packaging Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Beck, J.C., Smith, B.M. (Eds.), 2006. Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimization Problems: Third International Conference, CPAIOR 2006, Cork, Ireland, May 31 - June 2, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Toma, A.K., Papadopoulos, M.C., Stapleton, S., Kitchen, N.D., Watkins, L.D., 2012. Conservative Versus Surgical Management of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: A Prospective Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial: Study Protocol, in: Aygok, G.A., Rekate, H.L. (Eds.), Hydrocephalus: Selected Papers from the International Workshop in Crete, 2010, Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum. Springer, Vienna, pp. 21–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emerging Markets Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Female Anaconda At Safari Park Has “Virgin Birth” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Indian Affairs: Management Challenges Continue to Hinder Efforts to Improve Indian Education (No. GAO-13-342T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lancelin, D.B., 2017. A Phenomenological Case Study of Teacher Experiences with and Understanding of Instruction Aligned to the CCSS, and their Role in Advancing Equal Educational Opportunities for Students (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2000. Powells Are Sticking Together. New York Times D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Storb, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik and Smith, 2002; Storb, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smaglik and Smith, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Long et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmerging Markets Review
AbbreviationEmerg. Mark. Rev.
ISSN (print)1566-0141
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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