How to format your references using the International Journal for Equity in Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Equity in Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Golombek MP. Planetary science. The surface of Mars: not just dust and rocks. Science. 2003;300:2043–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Evenson RE, Gollin D. Assessing the impact of the green revolution, 1960 to 2000. Science. 2003;300:758–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dubi Y, Meir Y, Avishai Y. Nature of the superconductor-insulator transition in disordered superconductors. Nature. 2007;449:876–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pasqualucci L, Dominguez-Sola D, Chiarenza A, Fabbri G, Grunn A, Trifonov V, et al. Inactivating mutations of acetyltransferase genes in B-cell lymphoma. Nature. 2011;471:189–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gadd K. TRIZ für Ingenieure. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
1. Laws EA, editor. Environmental Toxicology: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Selway J, Culhane N, Labuszewski J, McGonegal J, O’Brien W. Intermarket Competition: Listing Decisions. In: Colaninno A, Byrne JA, Schwartz RA, editors. Competition in a Consolidating Environment. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008. p. 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Equity in Health.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Amateur Astronomer Reveals Star Spots On Pulsar’s Companion [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/amateur-astronomer-reveals-start-spots-on-pulsars-companion/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Preliminary Views on Options for Additional Fiscal Oversight of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jul. Report No.: GAO-05-922T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Buckingham T. Every teacher an English teacher? Literacy strategy teaching and research in the content area of science education [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly R. Mortality Tale. New York Times. 1993 Oct 3;711.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Equity in Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Equity Health
ISSN (online)1475-9276
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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