How to format your references using the International Journal for Equity in Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Equity in Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Martin SJ. Cell biology. Opening the cellular poison cabinet. Science. 2010;330:1330–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yeomans DK, Veverka J. Obituary: Fred Lawrence Whipple (1906-2004). Nature. 2004;432:31.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Li C, Rieppel O, LaBarbera MC. A Triassic aquatic protorosaur with an extremely long neck. Science. 2004;305:1931.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wu Z, Sun X, Sullivan SG, Detels R. Public health. HIV testing in China. Science. 2006;312:1475–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Darbyshire P, Hampton D. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using Excel and VBA. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Bangash MYH. Trauma - An Engineering Analysis: With Medical Case Studies Investigation. Bangash FN, Al-Obaid YF, Bangash T, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Radziwill N, DuPlain R. A Model for Business Innovation in the Web 2.0 World. In: Lytras MD, Damiani E, Ordóñez de Pablos P, editors. Web 20: The Business Model. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. p. 1–14.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Equity in Health.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. New Horizons Is Going To Visit Another Object After Pluto [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-horizons-is-going-to-visit-another-object-after-pluto/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Addressing Knowledge Gaps in Its New Acquisition Strategy [Reissued on August 13, 2012]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jul. Report No.: GAO-12-822.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Poldervaart PG. A qualitative study of nursing didactic programs: Novice nurses’ perception of competence, confidence, and retention [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Antilla S. Gender Bias Case Against Sterling Jewelers Can Proceed. New York Times. 2015 Feb 4;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Equity in Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Equity Health
ISSN (online)1475-9276
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles