How to format your references using the EMBnet.journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EMBnet.journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clyne R (2004) Industry and interns. The intern experience. Nature 431 (7008), 612.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu H and Owen MR (2013) Damped propagation of cell polarization explains distinct PCP phenotypes of epithelial patterning. Sci. Rep. 3, 2528.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lestas I, Vinnicombe G, and Paulsson J (2010) Fundamental limits on the suppression of molecular fluctuations. Nature 467 (7312), 174–178.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Coulson T, Catchpole EA, Albon SD, Morgan BJ, Pemberton JM, et al. (2001) Age, sex, density, winter weather, and population crashes in Soay sheep. Science 292 (5521), 1528–1531.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic S (2005) Advanced Wireless Communications John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK,.
An edited book
Lyte M ed. (2016) Microbial Endocrinology: Interkingdom Signaling in Infectious Disease and Health Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2nd ed. 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Roca A, Oliveira CS, Ansal A, and Figueras S (2006) Local Site Effects and Microzonation. In: OliveiraCarlos Sousa, RocaAntoni, and GoulaX (eds) Assessing and Managing Earthquake Risk: Geo-scientific and Engineering Knowledge for Earthquake Risk Mitigation: developments, tools, techniques. Geotechnical, Geological And Earthquake Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, Dordrecht,pp. 67–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EMBnet.journal.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Nearly 100 Dolphins Mysteriously Stranded Off Coast Of Florida. IFLScience (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Geographic Information System: Forest Service Has Resolved GAO Concerns About Its Proposed Nationwide System U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffith A (2017) The Curious Case of Implementation: Enactment of the California Community College Student Equity Initiative.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Still Wild For Animal Prints.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clyne, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Clyne, 2004; Zhu and Owen, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhu and Owen, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Coulson et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEMBnet.journal
ISSN (online)2226-6089

Other styles