How to format your references using the EMBnet.journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EMBnet.journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski D (2003) China: from SARS to the stars. Nature 426 (6968), 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz D and Collins F (2007) Medicine. Environmental biology and human disease. Science 316 (5825), 695–696.
A journal article with 3 authors
Montaño SP, Pigli YZ, and Rice PA (2012) The μ transpososome structure sheds light on DDE recombinase evolution. Nature 491 (7424), 413–417.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Cohen GL, Garcia J, Purdie-Vaughns V, Apfel N, and Brzustoski P (2009) Recursive processes in self-affirmation: intervening to close the minority achievement gap. Science 324 (5925), 400–403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cicek V (2017) Corrosion Engineering and Cathodic Protection Handbook John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ,.
An edited book
Fomin FV (2010) Exact Exponential Algorithms Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg,.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodrigo MA, Cañizares P, Lobato J, and Sáez C (2010) Modeling of Electrochemical Process for the Treatment of Wastewater Containing Organic Pollutants. In: ComninellisC and ChenG (eds) Electrochemistry for the Environment. Springer, New York, NY, New York, NY,pp. 99–124

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EMBnet.journal.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) In A Bid For The Perfect Profile Pic, Young Men Are Increasingly Turning To Drugs. IFLScience (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Federal Research: Information on the Government’s Right to Assert Ownership Control over Federally Funded Inventions U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan A (2017) The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Bond Between Generations, With Football On the Side.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski, 2003; Schwartz and Collins, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwartz and Collins, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Cohen et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEMBnet.journal
ISSN (online)2226-6089

Other styles