How to format your references using the Computational Materials Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Materials Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Stickgold, Sleep-dependent memory consolidation, Nature. 437 (2005) 1272–1278.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.A. Zucker, D. Light, Laptop programs for students, Science. 323 (2009) 82–85.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Grover, D.N. Sheng, A. Vishwanath, Emergent space-time supersymmetry at the boundary of a topological phase, Science. 344 (2014) 280–283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Negoro, S.E. Lutz, L.S. Liou, A. Kanematsu, O. Ogawa, E. Scemes, S.O. Suadicani, Pannexin 1 involvement in bladder dysfunction in a multiple sclerosis model, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-L. Ruiz, Supra-Gingival Minimally Invasive Dentistry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
R. Nambiar, M. Poess, eds., Selected Topics in Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking: 4th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2012, Istanbul, Turkey, August 27, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J.M. Stern, Psychological Aspects of Faecal Incontinence, in: C. Ratto, G.B. Doglietto, A.C. Lowry, L. Påhlman, G. Romano (Eds.), Fecal Incontinence: Diagnosis and Treatment, Springer, Milano, 2007: pp. 67–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Materials Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, What Is The Speed Of Dark?, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Relocation of the Western Executive Seminar Center, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Lizarraga, Effects of large inedible particles on the feeding performance of echinodem larvae, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, V. Bernstein, Danger Lurks in Dirt Track Racing, New York Times. (2013) B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Materials Science
AbbreviationComput. Mater. Sci.
ISSN (print)0927-0256
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Computer Science
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Computational Mathematics
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles