How to format your references using the Electronic Journal of Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Electronic Journal of Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Körding K. Decision theory: what “should” the nervous system do? Science 2007;318:606–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gregg JM, Kumar A. Applied physics: trawling for complements. Nature 2014;510:481–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fradkin E, Kivelson SA, Oganesyan V. Physics. Electron nematic phase in a transition metal oxide. Science 2007;315:196–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang J, Song X, Li Y, Richards PG, Sun X, Waldhauser F. Inner core differential motion confirmed by earthquake waveform doublets. Science 2005;309:1357–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cleaver H, Cawson P, Gorin S, Walker S. Safeguarding Children. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2009.
An edited book
Johnson CFA. Pro Bash Programming: Scripting the GNU/Linux Shell. Second Edition. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Stangenberg F, Breitenbücher R, Bruhns OT, Hartmann D, Höffer R, Kuhl D, et al. Methodological Implementation. In: Breitenbücher R, Bruhns OT, Hartmann D, Höffer R, Kuhl D, Meschke G, editors. Lifetime-Oriented Structural Design Concepts, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 365–652.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Electronic Journal of Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Revolutionize the Search for Other Worlds. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: Efforts to Strengthen Aviation and Surface Transportation Security are Under Way, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortega R. Effects of cultural and linguistic differences in breast cancer screening behaviors among elderly Latina women. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Acosta D, Robles F. Month After a Storm, Puerto Rico Awaits Power. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleElectronic Journal of Biotechnology
AbbreviationElectron. J. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0717-3458
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles