How to format your references using the American Journal of Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Eisenstein, M. (2009). Neural circuits: Putting neurons on the map. Nature 461, 1149–1152.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chou, K.-M., and Cheng, Y.-C. (2002). An exonucleolytic activity of human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease on 3’ mispaired DNA. Nature 415, 655–659.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Doebeli, M., Hauert, C., and Killingback, T. (2004). The evolutionary origin of cooperators and defectors. Science 306, 859–862.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Lee, R., Kim, I.-S., Han, N., Yun, S., Park, K.I., and Yoo, K.-H. (2014). Real-time discrimination between proliferation and neuronal and astroglial differentiation of human neural stem cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 6319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lednicer, D. (2015). Antineoplastic Drugs (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
1. (2011). Modeling, Diagnostics and Process Control: Implementation in the DiaSter System (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Batzli, S.A. (2014). Mapping United States Breweries 1612 to 2011. In The Geography of Beer: Regions, Environment, and Societies, M. Patterson, and N. Hoalst-Pullen, eds. (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp. 31–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Human Genetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew, D. (2016). A Century After The Battle Of The Somme, Can We finally Explain Shell Shock? (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2007). Assigning Air Traffic Control Costs to Users: Elements of FAA’s Methodology Are Generally Consistent with Standards but Certain Assumptions and Methods Need Additional Support (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Spisak, G.M. (2012). Particulation. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines, G.G. (2015). Take That, Dog Abusers. New York Times F11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
AbbreviationAm. J. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)0002-9297
ISSN (online)1537-6605

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