How to format your references using the Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett BA. Tidal dissipation and the strength of the Earth’s internal magnetic field. Nature. 2010;468(7326):952-954.
A journal article with 2 authors
Winograd IJ, Roseboom EH Jr. Nuclear waste. Yucca Mountain revisited. Science. 2008;320(5882):1426-1427.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dalton CA, Langmuir CH, Gale A. Geophysical and geochemical evidence for deep temperature variations beneath mid-ocean ridges. Science. 2014;344(6179):80-83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Reiter S, Hülsdunk P, Woo T, et al. Elucidating the control and development of skin patterning in cuttlefish. Nature. 2018;562(7727):361-366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bahadori A. Waste Management in the Chemical and Petroleum Industries. John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Sun Z, Lai J, Chen X, Tan T, eds. Biometric Recognition: 6th Chinese Conference, CCBR 2011, Beijing, China, December 3-4, 2011. Proceedings. Vol 7098. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Iyer KM. The Forearm. In: Iyer KM, ed. Orthopedics of the Upper and Lower Limb. Springer; 2013:29-34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Artificial Cells Just Passed The Turing Test By Tricking Bacteria Into Thinking They Were Alive. IFLScience. Published February 2, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: DOD Faces Substantial Challenges in Developing New Space Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heyen C. Two Predictors of Smoking Behaviors in the LGBTQ Population: Anxiety and Internalized Homophobia. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Is the Field Getting Too Crowded? New York Times. September 9, 2001:14NJ7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Pediatric Association Gazette
ISSN (print)1110-6638

Other styles