How to format your references using the Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Riley S. Large-scale spatial-transmission models of infectious disease. Science. 2007;316(5829):1298-1301.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wimmer GE, Shohamy D. Preference by association: how memory mechanisms in the hippocampus bias decisions. Science. 2012;338(6104):270-273.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bhagat D, Samanta SK, Bhattacharya S. Efficient management of fruit pests by pheromone nanogels. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1294.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Prochnow C, Bransteitter R, Klein MG, Goodman MF, Chen XS. The APOBEC-2 crystal structure and functional implications for the deaminase AID. Nature. 2007;445(7126):447-451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fencott C, Lockyer M, Clay J, Massey P. Game Invaders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Mason JE. Machine Learning Techniques for Gait Biometric Recognition: Using the Ground Reaction Force. 1st ed. 2016. (Traoré I, Woungang I, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Skevik K-A, Goebel V, Plagemann T. Design, Prototype, and Evaluation of a Network Monitoring Library. In: Rong C, Jaatun MG, Sandnes FE, Yang LT, Ma J, eds. Autonomic and Trusted Computing: 5th International Conference, ATC 2008, Oslo, Norway, June 23-25, 2008 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2008:21-35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What Is The Dark Web? IFLScience. Published August 17, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/what-dark-web/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Education’s Library: Actions Needed to Improve Its Usefulness. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Smith MP. De la página a la pantalla: Memoria de la Guerra Civil española en la narrativa contemporánea. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Yablonsky L. Harsh Realities. New York Times. July 31, 2011:ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Pediatric Association Gazette
ISSN (print)1110-6638
Scope

Other styles