How to format your references using the Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nathan C. Antibiotics at the crossroads. Nature. 2004;431(7011):899-902.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harvey CD, Svoboda K. Locally dynamic synaptic learning rules in pyramidal neuron dendrites. Nature. 2007;450(7173):1195-1200.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Pontieu B, Erdélyi R, James SP. Solar chromospheric spicules from the leakage of photospheric oscillations and flows. Nature. 2004;430(6999):536-539.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Baughman JM, Perocchi F, Girgis HS, et al. Integrative genomics identifies MCU as an essential component of the mitochondrial calcium uniporter. Nature. 2011;476(7360):341-345.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horváth T. Understanding Lightning and Lightning Protection. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Marinca V. Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in Engineering: Some Approximate Approaches. (Herisanu N, ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Okuda H, Nakano A, Suzuki T, Hayakawa S, Inagaki S. Multilayer Modeling of Driver Behavior Based on Hierarchical Mode Segmentation. In: Hansen JHL, Boyraz P, Takeda K, Abut H, eds. Digital Signal Processing for In-Vehicle Systems and Safety. New York, NY: Springer; 2012:57-70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette.

Blog post
Taub B. Restrictive Texas Abortion Law Struck Down By Supreme Court. IFLScience. Published June 28, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. TV Marti: Costs and Compliance With Broadcast Standards and International Agreements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wicks CF. The Self-Concept of Students in Remediation in a Rural Community College in Mississippi. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM. Profit Surges for Ford, Propelled by F-150 Sales. New York Times. October 28, 2015:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Pediatric Association Gazette
ISSN (print)1110-6638

Other styles