How to format your references using the Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oettl A. Sociology: Honour the helpful. Nature. 2012;489(7417):496-497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Penner-Hahn JE, Yocum CF. Biochemistry. The photosynthesis “oxygen clock” gets a new number. Science. 2005;310(5750):982-983.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vaupel JW, Carey JR, Christensen K. Aging. It’s never too late. Science. 2003;301(5640):1679-1681.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jochim S, Bartenstein M, Altmeyer A, et al. Bose-Einstein condensation of molecules. Science. 2003;302(5653):2101-2103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anjum B, Perros H. Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Gruba P. Blended Language Program Evaluation. (Cárdenas-Claros MS, Suvorov R, Rick K, eds.). Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Derval D, Bremer J. Find the Perfect Balance. In: Bremer J, ed. Hormones, Talent, and Career: Unlock Your Hormonal Quotient®. SpringerBriefs in Business. Springer; 2012:71-82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette.

Blog post
Andrew D. GMOs Lead The Fight Against Zika, Ebola And The Next Unknown Pandemic. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Status of Achieving Key Outcomes and Addressing Major Management Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morton WG. Isolating Mycorrhizal Fungi from Spiranthes Vernalis for Subsequent in Vitro Seed Germination. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Chilly To Bid to Alter Death Penalty. New York Times. January 8, 2008:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Pediatric Association Gazette
ISSN (print)1110-6638

Other styles