How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sadler JE. Biomedicine. Contact--how platelets touch von Willebrand factor. Science 2002;297:1128–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blau WJ, Fleming AJ. Materials science. Designer nanotubes by molecular self-assembly. Science 2004;304:1457–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fernandes CC, Podos J, Lundberg JG. Amazonian ecology: tributaries enhance the diversity of electric fishes. Science 2004;305:1960–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tao K, Wang J, Li Y, Xia D, Shan H, Xu H, et al. Short peptide-directed synthesis of one-dimensional platinum nanostructures with controllable morphologies. Sci Rep 2013;3:2565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jain RK, Triandis HC, Weick CW. Managing Research, Development, and Innovation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Biessels GJ, Luchsinger JA, editors. Diabetes and the Brain. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Peter H. Magnetic Field Diagnostics and Spatio-Temporal Variability of the Solar Transition Region. In: Tomczyk S, Zhang J, Bastian T, editors. Coronal Magnetometry, New York, NY: Springer; 2014, p. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics.

Blog post
Hamilton K. “Cave Squeaker” Frog Found For First Time In 55 Years. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Automated Systems: The Auditor’s Role. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez D. Numerical Simulation of a Flowfield Around a Hypersonic Missile with Lateral Jets. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Yankees Trade McCann to the Astros. New York Times 2016:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Med. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)1110-8630

Other styles