How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughes, V. 2011. Microenvironment: Neighbourhood watch. Nature 480(7377): S48-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minke, B., and Peters, M. 2011. Cell biology. Rhodopsin as thermosensor? Science 331(6022): 1272–1273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beskow, L.M., Dame, L., and Costello, E.J. 2008. Research ethics. Certificates of confidentiality and compelled disclosure of data. Science 322(5904): 1054–1055.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Giasson, B.I., Forman, M.S., Higuchi, M., Golbe, L.I., Graves, C.L., Kotzbauer, P.T., Trojanowski, J.Q., and Lee, V.M.-Y. 2003. Initiation and synergistic fibrillization of tau and alpha-synuclein. Science 300(5619): 636–640.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moreau, N. 2013. Tools for Signal Compression. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Ajmone Marsan, M., Bianchi, G., Listanti, M., and Meo, M. (Editors). 2005. Quality of Service in Multiservice IP Networks: Third International Workshop, QoS-IP 2005, Catania, Italy, February 2-4, 2004, Catania, Italy, February 2-4, 2004. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, C. 2012. QTL Mapping of Molecular Traits for Studies of Human Complex Diseases. In Applied Computational Genomics. Edited by Y.Y. Shugart. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. pp. 61–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2015, November 18. The Leonid Meteor Shower Peaks TONIGHT - Here’s How To Watch. IFLScience. [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Plans’ Coverage of Key Cyber Security Elements Varies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fan, H.-T. 2012. Design of delta operator based decision feedback equalizer for high-speed backplane data communication. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 2000, March 30. An Update for the Innards of the Net. New York Times: G10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hughes 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Minke and Peters 2011; Hughes 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Minke and Peters 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Giasson et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationCan. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)0045-5067
ISSN (online)1208-6037
Global and Planetary Change

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