How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan, H. 2000. Companies of all sizes are prospecting for proteins. Nature 404(6778): 684–686.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kabeche, L., and Compton, D.A. 2013. Cyclin A regulates kinetochore microtubules to promote faithful chromosome segregation. Nature 502(7469): 110–113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Little, A.F., van Oppen, M.J.H., and Willis, B.L. 2004. Flexibility in algal endosymbioses shapes growth in reef corals. Science 304(5676): 1492–1494.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kolbe, J.J., Glor, R.E., Rodríguez Schettino, L., Lara, A.C., Larson, A., and Losos, J.B. 2004. Genetic variation increases during biological invasion by a Cuban lizard. Nature 431(7005): 177–181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dvorak, R., and Lhotka, C. 2013. Celestial Dynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Li, W. 2015. Planning and Scheduling for Maritime Container Yards: Supporting and Facilitating the Global Supply Network. Edited ByY. Wu and M. Goh. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Druguet, E., Rahimi, A., Carreras, J., Castaño, L.M., and Sánchez-Sorribes, I. 2015. The Geoheritage of Kerdous Inlier (Western Anti-Atlas, Morocco): Pages of Earth History in an Outstanding Landscape. In From Geoheritage to Geoparks: Case Studies from Africa and Beyond. Edited by E. Errami, M. Brocx, and V. Semeniuk. Springer International Publishing, Cham. pp. 81–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2015, October 6. Burger King’s Halloween Burger Does Something Scary To Your Poop. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Highway Projects: Some Federal and State Practices to Expedite Completion Show Promise. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheatley, B.A. 2010. Leadership styles of healthcare executives: Comparisons of transformational, transactional, and passive-avoidant styles. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky, M. 2017, September 8. A Bad Deal for Democrats. New York Times: A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gavaghan 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gavaghan 2000; Kabeche and Compton 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kabeche and Compton 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kolbe et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationCan. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)0045-5067
ISSN (online)1208-6037
Global and Planetary Change

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