How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van der Greef, J. 2011. Perspective: All systems go. Nature 480(7378): S87.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roweis, S.T., and Saul, L.K. 2000. Nonlinear dimensionality reduction by locally linear embedding. Science 290(5500): 2323–2326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ramer, M.S., Priestley, J.V., and McMahon, S.B. 2000. Functional regeneration of sensory axons into the adult spinal cord. Nature 403(6767): 312–316.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hatzivassiliou, G., Song, K., Yen, I., Brandhuber, B.J., Anderson, D.J., Alvarado, R., Ludlam, M.J.C., Stokoe, D., Gloor, S.L., Vigers, G., Morales, T., Aliagas, I., Liu, B., Sideris, S., Hoeflich, K.P., Jaiswal, B.S., Seshagiri, S., Koeppen, H., Belvin, M., Friedman, L.S., and Malek, S. 2010. RAF inhibitors prime wild-type RAF to activate the MAPK pathway and enhance growth. Nature 464(7287): 431–435.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Remy, J.-G., and Letamendia, C. 2014. LTE Standards. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chen, M., Leibe, B., and Neumann, B. (Editors). 2013. Computer Vision Systems: 9th International Conference, ICVS 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia, July 16-18, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Klyce, S.D., Palanker, D.V., Edwards, K.H., and Krueger, R.R. 2013. Imaging Systems and Image-Guided Surgery. In Textbook of Refractive Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery (ReLACS). Edited by R.R. Krueger, J.H. Talamo, and R.L. Lindstrom. Springer, New York, NY. pp. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2017, January 6. Giant Atoms Could Help Unveil ‘Dark Matter’ And Other Cosmic Secrets. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Indian Affairs: Bureau of Indian Education Needs to Improve Oversight of School Spending. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salonga-Moreno, D.R. 2010. Pressure ulcer prevention and management curriculum for home health agencies. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. 2007, January 7. Inquiry Into Gosman’s, Up for Sale, Continues. New York Times: 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van der Greef 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Roweis and Saul 2000; van der Greef 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roweis and Saul 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hatzivassiliou et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationCan. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)0045-5067
ISSN (online)1208-6037
Global and Planetary Change

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