How to format your references using the Aerospace Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aerospace Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Arrow, Evolution. The sharp end of altruism, Science. 318 (2007) 581–582.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.G. Jackson, R.W. Carlson, An ancient recipe for flood-basalt genesis, Nature. 476 (2011) 316–319.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.A. Priola, B. Chesebro, B. Caughey, Biomedicine. A view from the top--prion diseases from 10,000 feet, Science. 300 (2003) 917–919.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Liu, D. Bhatt, Z.N. Oltvai, J.S. Greenberger, I. Bahar, Significance of p53 dynamics in regulating apoptosis in response to ionizing radiation, and polypharmacological strategies, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E.L. Wolf, Nanophysics of Solar and Renewable Energy, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
C. Eisner, A Practical Introduction to PSL, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Herrera-Carrillo, B. Berkhout, Gene Therapy Strategies to Block HIV-1 Replication by RNA Interference, in: B. Berkhout, H.C.J. Ertl, M.S. Weinberg (Eds.), Gene Therapy for HIV and Chronic Infections, Springer, New York, NY, 2015: pp. 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aerospace Science and Technology.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Scientists Create Electric Circuits Inside Plants, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Research: Implementation of the Super Collider’s Cost and Schedule Control System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O. Zivkovic, Ternary nanomaterials: Synthesis by alkalide reduction and characterization, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Landler, M.D. Shear, Mild in Mideast, but Elbows Are Out in Europe, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAerospace Science and Technology
AbbreviationAerosp. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1270-9638
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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