How to format your references using the Aerospace Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aerospace Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E.R.H. Fuchs, Economics. Global manufacturing and the future of technology, Science. 345 (2014) 519–520.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.-J. Yoon, Y.-W. Lee, An aligned stream of low-metallicity clusters in the halo of the Milky Way, Science. 297 (2002) 578–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Mili, K. Moissoglu, I.G. Macara, Genome-wide screen reveals APC-associated RNAs enriched in cell protrusions, Nature. 453 (2008) 115–119.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Shapiro, D. Sibthorpe, A. Rambaut, J. Austin, G.M. Wragg, O.R.P. Bininda-Emonds, P.L.M. Lee, A. Cooper, Flight of the dodo, Science. 295 (2002) 1683.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Zecchina, S. Califano, The Development of Catalysis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2017.
An edited book
D. Poeppel, T. Overath, A.N. Popper, R.R. Fay, eds., The Human Auditory Cortex, Springer, New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
B.P. Woolf, Social and Caring Tutors, in: V. Aleven, J. Kay, J. Mostow (Eds.), Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 10th International Conference, ITS 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 14-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 5–14.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aerospace Science and Technology.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Scientists Find Traces Of Ancient Star From The Beginning Of The Universe, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Security Administration: More Clarity on the Authority of Federal Security Directors Is Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Goggin, The European Capital of Culture: The politics of a becoming Europe, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D.A. Kelly, Advice to Mileage Misers: Use the Hoard Now, New York Times. (2006) TR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAerospace Science and Technology
AbbreviationAerosp. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1270-9638
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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