How to format your references using the Asian Nursing Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Nursing Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henzinger, M. (2007). Search technologies for the internet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5837), 468–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Courseaux, A., & Nahon, J. L. (2001). Birth of two chimeric genes in the Hominidae lineage. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5507), 1293–1297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prajeesh, A. G., Ashok, K., & Rao, D. V. B. (2013). Falling monsoon depression frequency: a Gray-Sikka conditions perspective. Scientific Reports, 3, 2989.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Norimoto, H., Matsumoto, N., Miyawaki, T., Matsuki, N., & Ikegaya, Y. (2013). Subicular activation preceding hippocampal ripples in vitro. Scientific Reports, 3, 2696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corten, R. (2014). Computational Approaches to Studying the Co-evolution of Networks and Behavior in Social Dilemmas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Baresi, L., & Heckel, R. (Eds.). (2006). Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, FASE 2006, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2006, Vienna, Austria, March 27-28, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 3922). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakanishi, H., & Islam, M. F. (2009). Quantum Percolation in Two Dimensions. In B. K. Chakrabarti, K. K. Bardhan, & A. K. Sen (Eds.), Quantum and Semi-classical Percolation and Breakdown in Disordered Solids (pp. 1–26). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Nursing Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 1). How Humans Can Perceive Infrared As Visible Light. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Electronic Health Records: HHS Strategy to Address Information Exchange Challenges Lacks Specific Prioritized Actions and Milestones (GAO-14-242). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunhan-Senol, N. E. (2015). “I’m Turkish, I’m Honest...” I’m Autistic: Perceptions Regarding the Label of Autism [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, October 4). Call to the Bullpen Crackles With a Last Laugh. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Henzinger, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Courseaux & Nahon, 2001; Henzinger, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Courseaux & Nahon, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Prajeesh et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Norimoto et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Nursing Research
ISSN (print)1976-1317

Other styles