How to format your references using the Asian Nursing Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Nursing Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Penn, R. L. (2007). Chemistry. Resolving an elusive structure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5832), 1704–1705.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gompel, N., & Carroll, S. B. (2003). Genetic mechanisms and constraints governing the evolution of correlated traits in drosophilid flies. Nature, 424(6951), 931–935.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kitching, R. P., Taylor, N. M., & Thrusfield, M. V. (2007). Veterinary epidemiology: vaccination strategies for foot-and-mouth disease. Nature, 445(7128), E12; discussion E12-3.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huang, Y.-A., Kao, C.-W., Liu, K.-K., Huang, H.-S., Chiang, M.-H., Soo, C.-R., … Hwang, E. (2014). The effect of fluorescent nanodiamonds on neuronal survival and morphogenesis. Scientific Reports, 4, 6919.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benitez, M., Davidson, J., & Flaxman, L. (2009). Small Schools, Big Ideas. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Brucker, P. (2006). Complex Scheduling. (S. Knust, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Williams, C. J. (2011). A Paleoecological Perspective on Wetland Restoration. In B. A. LePage (Ed.), Wetlands: Integrating Multidisciplinary Concepts (pp. 67–91). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Nursing Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 21). This Bike Lock Sprays Thieves With A Vomit-Inducing Substance. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Farm Program Modernization: Farm Service Agency Needs to Demonstrate the Capacity to Manage IT Initiatives (No. GAO-15-506). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez Abadia, J. M. (2014). French for Spanish speakers: A contrastive study of English monolingual, bilingual, and plurilingual adult learners of French (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, July 8). Twins Deal Sends Colon To Minors. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Penn, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Gompel & Carroll, 2003; Penn, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gompel & Carroll, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Kitching, Taylor, & Thrusfield, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Huang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Nursing Research
ISSN (print)1976-1317

Other styles