How to format your references using the Asian Nursing Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Nursing Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Searls, D. B. (2002). The language of genes. Nature, 420(6912), 211–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Swirski, F. K., & Nahrendorf, M. (2013). Leukocyte behavior in atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and heart failure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6116), 161–166.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohrer, A. M., Thrush, S. F., & Gibbs, M. M. (2004). Bioturbators enhance ecosystem function through complex biogeochemical interactions. Nature, 431(7012), 1092–1095.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lipworth, G., Ensworth, J., Seetharam, K., Huang, D., Lee, J. S., Schmalenberg, P., Nomura, T., Reynolds, M. S., Smith, D. R., & Urzhumov, Y. (2014). Magnetic metamaterial superlens for increased range wireless power transfer. Scientific Reports, 4, 3642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boero, R. (2015). Behavioral Computational Social Science. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jamin, C., & van Caenegem, W. (Eds.). (2016). The Internationalisation of Legal Education (Vol. 19). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Paull, L., Saeedi G., S., Seto, M., & Li, H. (2011). A Multi-agent Framework with MOOS-IvP for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles with Sidescan Sonar Sensors. In M. Kamel, F. Karray, W. Gueaieb, & A. Khamis (Eds.), Autonomous and Intelligent Systems: Second International Conference, AIS 2011, Burnaby, BC, Canada, June 22-24, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 41–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Nursing Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, May 8). Mini Colons Grown in the Lab from Tumors. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-95-34(3)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, J. R. (2012). Staging Vietnamese America: Music and the performance of Vietnamese American identities [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, December 8). YouTube Settles a Skirmish Over Songwriting Royalties. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Searls, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Searls, 2002; Swirski & Nahrendorf, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Swirski & Nahrendorf, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Lohrer et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lipworth et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Nursing Research
ISSN (print)1976-1317

Other styles