How to format your references using the Asian Nursing Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Nursing Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreiter, A. (2014). Science at the sharp end of oppressive politics. Nature, 506(7487), 133.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ramsey, J. M., & Chester, F. M. (2004). Hybrid fracture and the transition from extension fracture to shear fracture. Nature, 428(6978), 63–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
Donlea, J. M., Ramanan, N., & Shaw, P. J. (2009). Use-dependent plasticity in clock neurons regulates sleep need in Drosophila. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5923), 105–108.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Holt, J. K., Park, H. G., Wang, Y., Stadermann, M., Artyukhin, A. B., Grigoropoulos, C. P., Noy, A., & Bakajin, O. (2006). Fast mass transport through sub-2-nanometer carbon nanotubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1034–1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kagan, E., & Ben-Gal, I. (2013). Probabilistic Search for Tracking Targets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dranoff, G. (Ed.). (2011). Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy (Vol. 344). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Perrier, S., Champoux, Y., & Drouet, J.-M. (2012). Using Substructuring to Predict the Human Hand Influence on a Mechanical Structure. In R. Mayes, D. Rixen, D. T. Griffith, D. De Klerk, S. Chauhan, S. N. Voormeeren, & M. S. Allen (Eds.), Topics in Experimental Dynamics Substructuring and Wind Turbine Dynamics, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 30th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2012 (pp. 33–44). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Nursing Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, July 24). Outstanding Jurassic Fossils Rediscovered After More Than 100 Years. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). NASA-Ames Research Center Should Not Have Awarded Computational Services Contract to SBA and Technology Development of California (AFMD-83-40). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moe, R. (2014). The evolution and impact of the massive open online course [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kirk, S. (1942, February 10). Aid for Greece Sought. New York Times, BOOKS18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreiter, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kreiter, 2014; Ramsey & Chester, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ramsey & Chester, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Donlea et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Holt et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Nursing Research
ISSN (print)1976-1317

Other styles