How to format your references using the Asian Nursing Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Nursing Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brockhurst, M. (2010). Journal club. An evolutionary biologist marvels at how species evolve to help each other out. Nature, 464(7288), 469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Voytas, D. F., & Joung, J. K. (2009). Plant science. DNA binding made easy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5959), 1491–1492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pérez-Isidoro, R., Sierra-Valdez, F. J., & Ruiz-Suárez, J. C. (2014). Anesthetic diffusion through lipid membranes depends on the protonation rate. Scientific Reports, 4, 7534.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Miller, G. H., Fogel, M. L., Magee, J. W., Gagan, M. K., Clarke, S. J., & Johnson, B. J. (2005). Ecosystem collapse in Pleistocene Australia and a human role in megafaunal extinction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5732), 287–290.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Werner, M. (2015). Global Displacements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Maass, W., & Kowatsch, T. (Eds.). (2012). Semantic Technologies in Content Management Systems: Trends, Applications and Evaluations. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Benirschke, K., Burton, G. J., & Baergen, R. N. (2012). Early Development of the Human Placenta. In G. J. Burton & R. N. Baergen (Eds.), Pathology of the Human Placenta (pp. 41–53). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Nursing Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 8). This “Space Glass” Lets You Drink Whiskey In Orbit. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). VA Information Technology: Important Initiatives Begun, Yet Serious Vulnerabilities Persist (GAO-01-550T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seevaratnam, N. (2019). Forecasting Optimality in Resource Utilization for Cloud Computing Systems to Maximize Quality of Service [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, September 13). Unusual Place for a Tent. New York Times, NJ15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brockhurst, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brockhurst, 2010; Voytas & Joung, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Voytas & Joung, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Pérez-Isidoro et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Miller et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Nursing Research
ISSN (print)1976-1317

Other styles