How to format your references using the Asian Nursing Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Nursing Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bard, E. (2001). Paleoclimate. Extending the calibrated radiocarbon record. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5526), 2443–2444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartland, G. V., & Lo, S. S. (2013). Physics. Spectroscopy beyond the single-particle limit. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6141), 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cao, Y. C., Jin, R., & Mirkin, C. A. (2002). Nanoparticles with Raman spectroscopic fingerprints for DNA and RNA detection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1536–1540.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, Z., Carter, J. A., Lagutchev, A., Koh, Y. K., Seong, N.-H., Cahill, D. G., & Dlott, D. D. (2007). Ultrafast flash thermal conductance of molecular chains. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 787–790.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raynaud, H., & Arrow, K. J. (2011). Managerial Logic. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shi, P., & Kasperson, R. (Eds.). (2015). World Atlas of Natural Disaster Risk. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Paloutzian, R. F. (2010). The Bullet and Its Meaning: Forgiveness, Nonforgiveness, and Their Confrontation. In R. F. Paloutzian (Ed.), Forgiveness and Reconciliation: Psychological Pathways to Conflict Transformation and Peace Building (pp. 71–80). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Nursing Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 16). Melting Permafrost Could Thaw A Smallpox Graveyard In Siberia. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Transition From School to Work: States Are Developing New Strategies to Prepare Students for Jobs (HRD-93-139). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ochse, A. R. (2013). Targeted Killing, Drones and International Law: How U.S. Practice is Shaping International Law [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, February 8). Skipping School and Work? They Just Felt Blue. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bard, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bard, 2001; Hartland & Lo, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartland & Lo, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Cao et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Nursing Research
ISSN (print)1976-1317

Other styles