How to format your references using the Journal of Neural Transmission citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neural Transmission. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donnelly P (2008) Progress and challenges in genome-wide association studies in humans. Nature 456:728–731
A journal article with 2 authors
Gunnarsson O, Han JE (2000) The mean free path for electron conduction in metallic fullerenes. Nature 405:1027–1030
A journal article with 3 authors
Morgan MG, Houghton A, Gibbons JH (2001) Science and government. Improving science and technology advice for Congress. Science 293:1999–2000
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sait SM, Liu WC, Thompson DJ, et al (2000) Invasion sequence affects predator-prey dynamics in a multi-species interaction. Nature 405:448–450

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambaum MHP (2010) Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Cocchiarella L (ed) (2015) The Visual Language of Technique: Volume 2 - Heritage and Expectations in Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Belaïd A, Ouwayed N (2012) Segmentation of Ancient Arabic Documents. In: Märgner V, El Abed H (eds) Guide to OCR for Arabic Scripts. Springer, London, pp 103–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neural Transmission.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) The Leidenfrost Effect Can Make Water Flow Uphill. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Wallop-Breaux Trust Fund. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zolfaghari SS (2015) The relationship between folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin B6 intakes and depression in women who use hormonal oral contraceptives. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Saslow L (2008) New Charter School Will Be Island’s 4th. New York Times LI1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donnelly 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gunnarsson and Han 2000; Donnelly 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gunnarsson and Han 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Sait et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neural Transmission
AbbreviationJ. Neural Transm. (Vienna)
ISSN (print)0300-9564
ISSN (online)1435-1463
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles