How to format your references using the Journal of Neural Transmission citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neural Transmission. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardie DG (2007) Biochemistry. Balancing cellular energy. Science 315:1671–1672
A journal article with 2 authors
Auer S, Frenkel D (2001) Suppression of crystal nucleation in polydisperse colloids due to increase of the surface free energy. Nature 413:711–713
A journal article with 3 authors
McLaughlin AC, Sher F, Attfield JP (2005) Negative lattice expansion from the superconductivity--antiferromagnetism crossover in ruthenium copper oxides. Nature 436:829–832
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Strom RG, Malhotra R, Ito T, et al (2005) The origin of planetary impactors in the inner solar system. Science 309:1847–1850

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kharmanda G, El Hami A (2016) Reliability in Biomechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kop C, Fliedl G, Mayr HC, Métais E (eds) (2006) Natural Language Processing and Information Systems: 11th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2006, Klagenfurt, Austria, May 31 - June 2, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Stein A, Georgiadis N (2008) Spatial Statistics to Quantify Patterns of Herd Dispersion in a Savanna Herbivore Community. In: Prins HHT, Langevelde FV (eds) Resource Ecology: Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Foraging. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 33–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neural Transmission.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Ranked: The 42 Laziest Dog Breeds In America. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) ICBM Modernization: Status of the Peacekeeper Rail Garrison Missile System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roth MM (2017) Depositional Environment of the Carbonate Cap Rock at the Pine Prairie Field, Evangeline Parish, Louisiana: Implications of Salt Diapirism on Cook Mountain Reservoir Genesis. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) By the Time It Gets Dark. New York Times C8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardie 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Auer and Frenkel 2001; Hardie 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Auer and Frenkel 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Strom et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neural Transmission
AbbreviationJ. Neural Transm. (Vienna)
ISSN (print)0300-9564
ISSN (online)1435-1463
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles