How to format your references using the Journal of Neural Transmission citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neural Transmission. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harwood C (2008) A microbiologist hopes to disrupt bacterial “decisions.” Nature 455:5
A journal article with 2 authors
Kennis JTM, Crosson S (2007) Microbiology. A bacterial pathogen sees the light. Science 317:1041–1042
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansen B, Turrell WR, Østerhus S (2001) Decreasing overflow from the Nordic seas into the Atlantic Ocean through the Faroe Bank channel since 1950. Nature 411:927–930
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lawrence T, Bebien M, Liu GY, et al (2005) IKKalpha limits macrophage NF-kappaB activation and contributes to the resolution of inflammation. Nature 434:1138–1143

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kay R (2014) Statistical Thinking for Non-Statisticians in Drug Regulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Miller MK, Blumenthal JA, Chamberlain J (eds) (2015) Handbook of Community Sentiment. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Zecevic N, Rakic S, Jakovcevski I, Filipovic R (2006) Contributions of the Neocortical Svz to Human Brain Development. In: Levison SW (ed) Mammalian Subventricular Zones: Their Roles in Brain Development, Cell Replacement and Disease. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 117–158

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neural Transmission.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Disney Princesses Reimagined As Dinosaurs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Examination of the Pricing of a Negotiated Fixed-Price Incentive Contract Awarded on a Noncompetitive Basis. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rooks DL (2009) Science for all: Experiences and outcomes of students with visual impairment in a guided inquiry-based classroom. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2015) Puerto Rico Development Bank Goes to Court for $400 Million in Taxes. New York Times B5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harwood 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kennis and Crosson 2007; Harwood 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kennis and Crosson 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Lawrence et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neural Transmission
AbbreviationJ. Neural Transm. (Vienna)
ISSN (print)0300-9564
ISSN (online)1435-1463
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles