How to format your references using the Journal of Neural Transmission citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neural Transmission. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edgerton D (2011) In praise of Luddism. Nature 471:27–29
A journal article with 2 authors
Molino JF, Sabatier D (2001) Tree diversity in tropical rain forests: a validation of the intermediate disturbance hypothesis. Science 294:1702–1704
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinoshita T, Wenger T, Weiss DS (2004) Observation of a one-dimensional Tonks-Girardeau gas. Science 305:1125–1128
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li L, Gan Z, McCartney MR, et al (2013) Atomic configurations at InAs partial dislocation cores associated with Z-shape faulted dipoles. Sci Rep 3:3229

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murti Y, Vijayan C (2014) Essentials of Nonlinear Optics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ruggeri Laderchi C, Savastano S (eds) (2013) Poverty and Exclusion in the Western Balkans: New Directions in Measurement and Policy. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Richards E (2005) British Diaspora. In: Ember M, Ember CR, Skoggard I (eds) Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 47–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neural Transmission.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Get An Up-Close Look At How A Mosquito Sucks Your Blood. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Aviation Safety: Better Oversight Would Reduce the Risk of Air Taxi Accidents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saperstein AM (2009) Susceptibility to smoking and nicotine dependence in schizophrenia. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2000) Stevenson Also Seeking Maturity. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edgerton 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Molino and Sabatier 2001; Edgerton 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Molino and Sabatier 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neural Transmission
AbbreviationJ. Neural Transm. (Vienna)
ISSN (print)0300-9564
ISSN (online)1435-1463
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles