How to format your references using the Journal of Neural Transmission citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neural Transmission. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neylon C (2009) Stitching science together. Nature 461:881
A journal article with 2 authors
Zijlstra AA, Davis RJ (2012) Retrospective. Sir Bernard Lovell (1913-2012). Science 337:1307
A journal article with 3 authors
Bejan A, Ziaei S, Lorente S (2014) Evolution: why all plumes and jets evolve to round cross sections. Sci Rep 4:4730
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mota MM, Pradel G, Vanderberg JP, et al (2001) Migration of Plasmodium sporozoites through cells before infection. Science 291:141–144

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lincoln NB, Kneebone II, Macniven JAB, Morris RC (2011) Psychological Management of Stroke. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Tsihrintzis GA, Virvou M, Howlett RJ, Jain LC (eds) (2008) New Directions in Intelligent Interactive Multimedia. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Basso D, Pesarin F, Salmaso L, Solari A (2009) Nonparametric One-Way ANOVA. In: Salmaso L, Pesarin F, Basso D (eds) Permutation Tests for Stochastic Ordering and ANOVA: Theory and Applications with R. Springer, New York, NY, pp 105–132

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neural Transmission.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) We Could Finally Be Close To Wiping Out HIV From The Body. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) [Comments on Claim for Additional Charges on FAA Shipment]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Metcalfe AC (2017) Using Evolution as a Context for Teaching the Nature of Science to Diverse Student Populations: A High School Unit of Curriculum. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD (2017) An Unusual Place for a President’s Family on a Foreign Trip: Center Stage. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neylon 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Neylon 2009; Zijlstra and Davis 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zijlstra and Davis 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Mota et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neural Transmission
AbbreviationJ. Neural Transm. (Vienna)
ISSN (print)0300-9564
ISSN (online)1435-1463
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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