How to format your references using the Journal of Neural Transmission citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neural Transmission. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2013) The unlikely wisdom of Chairman Mao. Nature 495:143
A journal article with 2 authors
Read AF, Thomas MB (2009) Microbiology. Mosquitoes cut short. Science 323:51–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh S, Sood AK, Kumar N (2003) Carbon nanotube flow sensors. Science 299:1042–1044
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen HW, Lanzetta KM, Pascarelle S, Yahata N (2000) Unusual spectral energy distribution of a galaxy previously reported to be at redshift 6.68. Nature 408:562–564

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burk F (1997) Lebesgue Measure and Integration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Vashchenko VA (2010) ESD Design for Analog Circuits. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Habir M (2016) Indonesia’s Bank Governance Trend Post-1998 Crisis. In: Verhezen P, Williamson I, Crosby M, Soebagjo N (eds) Doing Business in ASEAN Markets: Leadership Challenges and Governance Solutions across Asian Borders. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neural Transmission.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Brain Cell Transplantation Restores Learning And Memory In Mouse Models Of Alzheimer’s. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: FAA Must Act Quickly to Prevent Systems Failures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barkis B (2017) How Do Highly Engaged Employees and Managers Find Meaning in Their Work? Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Peters JW, Haberman M (2017) Charlottesville Shifted Timing Of Bannon Exit. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Read and Thomas 2009; Macilwain 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Read and Thomas 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neural Transmission
AbbreviationJ. Neural Transm. (Vienna)
ISSN (print)0300-9564
ISSN (online)1435-1463
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles