How to format your references using the Journal of Neural Transmission citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neural Transmission. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingerich O (2004) A radical reorientation. Nature 430:407
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahlund M, Andersson M (2001) Female ducks can double their reproduction. Nature 414:600–601
A journal article with 3 authors
Del Toro-De León G, García-Aguilar M, Gillmor CS (2014) Non-equivalent contributions of maternal and paternal genomes to early plant embryogenesis. Nature 514:624–627
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liang W-Y, Wang S, Li H-W, et al (2014) Proof-of-principle experiment of reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution with phase coding. Sci Rep 4:3617

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willatzen M, Lew Yan Voon LC (2011) Separable Boundary-Value Problems in Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Hsu C-H, Yang LT, Ma J, Zhu C (eds) (2011) Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing: 8th International Conference, UIC 2011, Banff, Canada, September 2-4, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Krupa T (2011) Employment and Serious Mental Health Disabilities. In: Schultz IZ, Rogers ES (eds) Work Accommodation and Retention in Mental Health. Springer, New York, NY, pp 91–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neural Transmission.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Anxiety can be Inherited from your Parents. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares, Service Quality, and Barriers to Entry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuang S-YH (2010) “And the War Came”: A memorial to devastated lives. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M (2017) Broadway at Midnight: ‘A Doll’s House, Part 2.’ New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gingerich 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ahlund and Andersson 2001; Gingerich 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahlund and Andersson 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Liang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neural Transmission
AbbreviationJ. Neural Transm. (Vienna)
ISSN (print)0300-9564
ISSN (online)1435-1463
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles