How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Ecology (JPE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woolston C (2015) Breast cancer: 4 big questions. Nature 527:S120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun Y, Cao C (2014) Research Funding. Demystifying central government R&D spending in China. Science 345:1006–1008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robinson CV, Sali A, Baumeister W (2007) The molecular sociology of the cell. Nature 450:973–982.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dong M, Kathiresan V, Fenwick MK, et al. (2018) Organometallic and radical intermediates reveal mechanism of diphthamide biosynthesis. Science 359:1247–1250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee YS (2011) Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bider I, Halpin T, Krogstie J, et al. (Eds.) (2010) Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 11th International Workshop, BPMDS 2010, and 15th International Conference, EMMSAD 2010, held at CAiSE 2010, Hammamet, Tunisia, June 7-8, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kerber M, Rowat C, Windsteiger W (2011) Using Theorema in the Formalization of Theoretical Economics.In Davenport JH, Farmer WM, Urban J, Rabe F (eds). Intelligent Computer Mathematics: 18th Symposium, Calculemus 2011, and 10th International Conference, MKM 2011, Bertinoro, Italy, July 18-23, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 58–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Ecology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015)IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/brazilian-stingless-bees-are-fungus-farmers/ (30 October 2018, date last accessed).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lauper AR (2009) Effects of leadership training and networking opportunities on professional advancement: A quantitative study. Doctoral dissertation University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Biillard M (2010) Listen Up, but Good. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savchenko, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kump, 2005; Nabel, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and Cao, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tomita et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Ecology
ISSN (print)1752-9921
ISSN (online)1752-993X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Ecology

Other styles