How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Ecology (JPE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson S (2012) Anthropology. Did australopiths climb trees? Science 338:478–479.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith MR, Ortega-Hernández J (2014) Hallucigenia’s onychophoran-like claws and the case for Tactopoda. Nature 514:363–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jockers ML, Sag M, Schultz J (2012) Digital archives: Don’t let copyright block data mining. Nature 490:29–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Laurberg M, Asahara H, Korostelev A, Zhu J, Trakhanov S, Noller HF (2008) Structural basis for translation termination on the 70S ribosome. Nature 454:852–857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ohshima H (2010) Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hart LC, Alston AS, Murata A (eds) (2011) Lesson Study Research and Practice in Mathematics Education: Learning Together. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Abascal J, Fernández de Castro I, Lafuente A, Cia JM (2008) Adaptive Interfaces for Supportive Ambient Intelligence Environments. In K Miesenberger, J Klaus, W Zagler, and A Karshmer (eds). Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 11th International Conference, ICCHP 2008, Linz, Austria, July 9-11, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 30–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) IFLScience. (30 October 2018, date last accessed).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Embedded Computer Systems: Significant Software Problems on C-17 Must Be Addressed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans MD (2014) A Correlational Analysis of Teacher Observation Scores and Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) The Pulitzer at 100. New York Times C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Larson 2012; Smith and Ortega-Hernández 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Ortega-Hernández 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Laurberg et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Ecology
ISSN (print)1752-9921
ISSN (online)1752-993X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles