How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Ecology (JPE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klug DD (2001) Thermodynamics. Glassy Water. Science 294:2305–2306.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yin YW, Steitz TA (2002) Structural basis for the transition from initiation to elongation transcription in T7 RNA polymerase. Science 298:1387–1395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parker HJ, Bronner ME, Krumlauf R (2014) A Hox regulatory network of hindbrain segmentation is conserved to the base of vertebrates. Nature 514:490–493.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brunner DO, De Zanche N, Fröhlich J, Paska J, Pruessmann KP (2009) Travelling-wave nuclear magnetic resonance. Nature 457:994–998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tikhomirov VV (2016) Hydrogeochemistry Fundamentals and Advances. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dastani M, El Fallah Seghrouchni A, Ricci A, Winikoff M (Eds.) (2008) Programming Multi-Agent Systems: 5th International Workshop, ProMAS 2007 Honolulu, HI, USA, May 15, 2007 Revised and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ng SW, Tang SYF (2016) Critical Reflections on the Challenges and Strategies Associated with Internationalising Hong Kong’s Higher Education.In Cheng YC, Cheung ACK, Ng SW (eds). Internationalization of Higher Education: The Case of Hong Kong. Singapore: Springer, 81–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Ecology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016)IFLScience. (30 October 2018, date last accessed).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Telecommunications: Metropolitan Area Acquisition Program Implementation and Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boerner CL (2013) The organizational culture and leadership values that impact Native American water utility organizations. Doctoral dissertation Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) Learning About His Subjects, and Himself. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klug, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Klug, 2001; Yin and Steitz, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yin and Steitz, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Brunner et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Ecology
ISSN (print)1752-9921
ISSN (online)1752-993X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Ecology

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