How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Ecology (JPE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McClung CR (2009) Circadian rhythms. Linking the loops. Science 323:1440–1441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vinnakota RK, Genov DA (2014) Terahertz optoelectronics with surface plasmon polariton diode. Sci Rep 4:4899.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson B, Cole WW, Barrett SCH (2005) Botany: specialized bird perch aids cross-pollination. Nature 435:41–42.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Aizenberg J, Weaver JC, Thanawala MS, Sundar VC, Morse DE, Fratzl P (2005) Skeleton of Euplectella sp.: structural hierarchy from the nanoscale to the macroscale. Science 309:275–278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond B (2016) Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nath V (2014) Autonomous Robotics and Deep Learning. SE Levinson (ed). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki Y, Suzuki R (2014) Investigation of Massage by Using Tactile Score. In R Suzuki (ed). Tactile Score: A Knowledge Media for Tactile Sense. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 27–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/nine-surprising-facts-about-breasts-you-probably-didn-t-know/ (30 October 2018, date last accessed).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Railroad Safety: DOT Faces Challenges in Improving Grade Crossing Safety, Track Inspection Standards, and Passenger Car Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Starr MJ (2015) Tests for Positive Selection on Genes Encoding Heat Shock Proteins in the Marine Slipper Snail, Crepidula fornicata. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Judah B (2016) London rolls out the kleptocrats’ carpet. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McClung 2009).
This sentence cites two references (McClung 2009; Vinnakota and Genov 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vinnakota and Genov 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Aizenberg et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Ecology
ISSN (print)1752-9921
ISSN (online)1752-993X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Ecology

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