How to format your references using the Catalysts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cooper, C. David Barker (1938-2013). Nature 2013, 502, 304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Van Tuyl, R.; Pereltsvaig, A. Comment on “Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa.” Science 2012, 335, 657; author reply 657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berkhout, B.; Das, A.T.; Beerens, N. HIV-1 RNA editing, hypermutation, and error-prone reverse transcription. Science 2001, 292, 7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shaw, P.; Greenstein, D.; Lerch, J.; Clasen, L.; Lenroot, R.; Gogtay, N.; Evans, A.; Rapoport, J.; Giedd, J. Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents. Nature 2006, 440, 676–679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell, D.L.; Arlow, P.C. Industrial Security; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2015; ISBN 9781119028437.
An edited book
Worldwide Language Service Infrastructure: Second International Workshop, WLSI 2015, Kyoto, Japan, January 22-23, 2015. Revised Selected Papers; Murakami, Y., Lin, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 9442; ISBN 9783319314679.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsukai, M.; Okumura, M. Interregional Tourism Demand and Destination Management. In Sustainable Transport Studies in Asia; Fujiwara, A., Zhang, J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Mobility; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2013; pp. 113–135 ISBN 9784431543787.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysts.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Are You Smarter Than A Crow? Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Privacy Data: The Data Encryption Standard Provides Valuable Protection; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernstein, J.P. Helical Symmetry. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Jeter Could Leave the Yankees To Expand His Horizons, and Attire. New York Times 2010, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysts
ISSN (online)2073-4344
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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