How to format your references using the Catalysts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edelaar, P. Comment on “Evolutionary trade-offs, Pareto optimality, and the geometry of phenotype space.” Science 2013, 339, 757.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, V.; Savage, M. Changes in seismic anisotropy after volcanic eruptions: evidence from Mount Ruapehu. Science 2001, 293, 2231–2233.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petersen, J.; Volz, J.; Rauschenbeutel, A. Nanophotonics. Chiral nanophotonic waveguide interface based on spin-orbit interaction of light. Science 2014, 346, 67–71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hishida, T.; Kubota, Y.; Carr, A.M.; Iwasaki, H. RAD6-RAD18-RAD5-pathway-dependent tolerance to chronic low-dose ultraviolet light. Nature 2009, 457, 612–615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroese, D.P.; Taimre, T.; Botev, Z.I.; Rubinstein, R.Y. Simulation and the Monte Carlo Method: Solutions Manual to Accompany; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2007; ISBN 9780470285312.
An edited book
PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers: Fundamentals and Applications; Zhang, J., Ed.; Springer: London, 2008; ISBN 9781848009356.
A chapter in an edited book
Larson, C.; Harel, G.; Oehrtman, M.; Zandieh, M.; Rasmussen, C.; Speiser, R.; Walter, C. Modeling Perspectives in Math Education Research. In Modeling Students’ Mathematical Modeling Competencies: ICTMA 13; Lesh, R., Galbraith, P.L., Haines, C.R., Hurford, A., Eds.; International Perspectives on the Teaching and Learning of Mathematical Modelling; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp. 61–71 ISBN 9789400762701.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysts.

Blog post
Fang, J. New Dinosaur Was Largest Known Terrestrial Predator Of The Jurassic Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation Safety: Federal Highway Administration Should Conduct Research to Determine Best Practices in Permitting Oversize Vehicles; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Staal, J. The Relationships Among Sleep Quality, Frailty, and Falls in Older Adults Residing in the Community. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University: Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey, G. A Tough Hill to Climb, but Not Impossible. New York Times 2010, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysts
ISSN (online)2073-4344
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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