How to format your references using the Catalysts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martínez, J.L. Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Natural Environments. Science 2008, 321, 365–367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grumbine, R.E.; Pandit, M.K. Ecology. Threats from India’s Himalaya Dams. Science 2013, 339, 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iyengar, V.K.; Reeve, H.K.; Eisner, T. Paternal Inheritance of a Female Moth’s Mating Preference. Nature 2002, 419, 830–832.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zeng, B.J.; Huang, J.Z.; Ni, R.W.; Yu, N.N.; Wei, W.; Hu, Y.Z.; Li, Z.; Miao, X.S. Metallic Resist for Phase-Change Lithography. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5300.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wegener, E. Montagegerechte Anlagenplanung; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2003; ISBN 9783527606566.
An edited book
Controlling the Morphology of Polymers: Multiple Scales of Structure and Processing; Mitchell, G.R., Tojeira, A., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319393209.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, Z. Routing in 2-D Meshes: A Tutorial. In Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications: Third International Symposium, ISPA 2005, Nanjing, China, November 2-5, 2005. Proceedings; Pan, Y., Chen, D., Guo, M., Cao, J., Dongarra, J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; pp. 19–20 ISBN 9783540297697.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysts.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Scientist At Work: Observing Termite Behaviours, Personalities – And Souls? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office New Denver Airport Followup; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1992;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allison, C.L. An Investigation into the Experiences of Traditional Higher Education Instructors Transitioning into Effective Online Instructors. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University: Scottsdale, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. Bill Proposed to Give Regulatory Protection to Puerto Rico Mutual Fund Investors. New York Times 2015, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysts
ISSN (online)2073-4344
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Other styles