How to format your references using the Catalysts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marder, E. Moving rhythms. Nature 2001, 410, 755.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacCoss, M.; Baillie, T.A. Organic chemistry in drug discovery. Science 2004, 303, 1810–1813.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ogata, H.; Nishikawa, K.; Lubitz, W. Hydrogens detected by subatomic resolution protein crystallography in a [NiFe] hydrogenase. Nature 2015, 520, 571–574.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clément, G.; Ahlberg, P.E.; Blieck, A.; Blom, H.; Clack, J.A.; Poty, E.; Thorez, J.; Janvier, P. Palaeogeography: Devonian tetrapod from western Europe. Nature 2004, 427, 412–413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simko, S.P. Strategic Fixed Income Investing; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118630105.
An edited book
Drugs for HER-2-positive Breast Cancer; Sibilia, M., Zielinski, C.C., Bartsch, R., Grunt, T.W., Eds.; Milestones in Drug Therapy; Springer: Basel, 2011; ISBN 9783034600934.
A chapter in an edited book
Krannich, R.S.; Luloff, A.E.; Field, D.R. A New and Different People: Sociodemographic Changes in Southwest Utah. In People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas; Luloff, A.E., Field, D.R., Eds.; Landscape Series; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; pp. 63–79 ISBN 9789400712621.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysts.

Blog post
Andrew, E. This Plane Will Take You Anywhere In The World In 4 Hours Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Higher Education: Activities Underway to Improve Teacher Training, but Reporting on These Activities Could Be Enhanced; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bakhoda, A. Synthesis and Electrochemistry of Ru(II) Vinylidenes. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. Veggies vs. a Courthouse: Worries and Reassurance. New York Times 2000, 149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysts
ISSN (online)2073-4344
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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