How to format your references using the Catalysts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trewavas, A. Mindless Mastery. Nature 2002, 415, 841.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher, C.R.; Girguis, P. Microbiology. A Proteomic Snapshot of Life at a Vent. Science 2007, 315, 198–199.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor, P.D.; Day, T.; Wild, G. Evolution of Cooperation in a Finite Homogeneous Graph. Nature 2007, 447, 469–472.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Csete, M.; Sipos, A.; Szalai, A.; Najafi, F.; Szabó, G.; Berggren, K.K. Improvement of Infrared Single-Photon Detectors Absorptance by Integrated Plasmonic Structures. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2406.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacRoberts MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781118273449.
An edited book
Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty: 12th European Conference, ECSQARU 2013, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 8-10, 2013. Proceedings; Gaag, L.C. van der, Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 7958; ISBN 9783642390906.
A chapter in an edited book
Coolican, M.R.J.; Lai, K.W. Clinical Challenges and Ethical Issues in Orthopedic Sports Medicine: Perspective from an Orthopedic Surgeon. In Sports Injuries: Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation; Doral, M.N., Karlsson, J., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015; pp. 7–20 ISBN 9783642365683.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysts.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Say Hello To Earth 2.0! Historic Kepler Discovery Suggests We Are Not Alone Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Consumers’ Location Data: Companies Take Steps to Protect Privacy, but Practices Are Inconsistent, and Risks May Not Be Clear to Consumers; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Louviere, E.C. Bonds Behind Bars: The Impact of Program Participation on Interpersonal Inmate Connections in Louisiana State Penitentiary. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. Kvitova Keeps Expectations Low, Even If Oddsmakers Disagree. New York Times 2017, SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysts
ISSN (online)2073-4344
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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