How to format your references using the Catalysts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henzinger, M. Search Technologies for the Internet. Science 2007, 317, 468–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wain-Hobson, S.; Weiss, R.A. If Free Speech Costs Lives That’s a High Price to Pay. Nature 2000, 407, 834.
A journal article with 3 authors
Denholm, I.; Devine, G.J.; Williamson, M.S. Evolutionary Genetics. Insecticide Resistance on the Move. Science 2002, 297, 2222–2223.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beattie, E.C.; Stellwagen, D.; Morishita, W.; Bresnahan, J.C.; Ha, B.K.; Von Zastrow, M.; Beattie, M.S.; Malenka, R.C. Control of Synaptic Strength by Glial TNFalpha. Science 2002, 295, 2282–2285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Funk, W.; Dammann, V.; Donnevert, G.; Ianelli, S.; Ianelli, E.; Gray, A. Quality Assurance in Analytical Chemistry; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2006; ISBN 9783527609444.
An edited book
Partida, A. IT Security Management: IT Securiteers - Setting up an IT Security Function; Andina, D., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010; Vol. 61; ISBN 9789048188819.
A chapter in an edited book
Basanow, J.; Neis, P.; Neubauer, S.; Schilling, A.; Zipf, A. Towards 3D Spatial Data Infrastructures (3D-SDI) Based on Open Standards — Experiences, Results and Future Issues. In Advances in 3D Geoinformation Systems; Oosterom, P. van, Zlatanova, S., Penninga, F., Fendel, E.M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 65–86 ISBN 9783540721345.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysts.

Blog post
Andrew, E. These Two Cheap Drugs Could Cut Breast Cancer Deaths Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Information on the Requirement for Strategic Airlift; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1976;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kilpatrick, R.F. A World Less Paved. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times 2015, C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysts
ISSN (online)2073-4344
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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