How to format your references using the Catalysts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson, I., I. Taking the Earth’s temperature. Nature 2000, 406, 470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, I.H.; O’Neill, H.S.C. Evidence against a chondritic Earth. Nature 2012, 483, 553–558.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, X.; Parker, D.; Singh, D.J. Importance of non-parabolic band effects in the thermoelectric properties of semiconductors. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3168.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Williams, C.; van den Berg, M.; Stanley, W.A.; Wilmanns, M.; Distel, B. A disulphide bond in the E2 enzyme Pex4p modulates ubiquitin-conjugating activity. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2212.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verdu, J. Oxidative Ageing of Polymers; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118562598.
An edited book
Núñez, A.A. Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems; Sáez, D.A., Cortés, C.E., Eds.; Advances in Industrial Control; Springer: London, 2013; ISBN 9781447143505.
A chapter in an edited book
Catalucci, D.; Latronico, M.V.G.; Condorelli, G. MicroRNAs and the Control of Heart Pathophysiology. In RNA Technologies in Cardiovascular Medicine and Research; Erdmann, V.A., Poller, W., Barciszewski, J., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 53–68 ISBN 9783540787082.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysts.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Scientists Detect The Oldest, Most Distant Galaxy Known So Far Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Review of Training Grant Awarded to the University of California at Los Angeles; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1970;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy, K.T. A Heuristic Study of Religious Spirituality and Meaningful Work. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nordland, R. Russia Signs Agreement Expanding Syrian Bases. New York Times 2017, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysts
ISSN (online)2073-4344
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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