How to format your references using the Catalysts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krablin, R. A Risk Worth Taking. Science 2015, 349, 894.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smyth, M.J.; Kershaw, M.H. Immunology. The Adjuvant Effects of Antibodies. Science 2011, 333, 944–945.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marhas, K.K.; Goswami, J.N.; Davis, A.M. Short-Lived Nuclides in Hibonite Grains from Murchison: Evidence for Solar System Evolution. Science 2002, 298, 2182–2185.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Galburt, E.A.; Grill, S.W.; Wiedmann, A.; Lubkowska, L.; Choy, J.; Nogales, E.; Kashlev, M.; Bustamante, C. Backtracking Determines the Force Sensitivity of RNAP II in a Factor-Dependent Manner. Nature 2007, 446, 820–823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, M.D. Great Myths of Intimate Relationships; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781118817469.
An edited book
Trends in Intelligent Robotics: 13th FIRA Robot World Congress, FIRA 2010, Bangalore, India, September 15-17, 2010. Proceedings; Vadakkepat, P., Kim, J.-H., Jesse, N., Mamun, A.A., Kiong, T.K., Baltes, J., Anderson, J., Verner, I., Ahlgren, D., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 103; ISBN 9783642158094.
A chapter in an edited book
Ru’yuan, L.; Zhi’an, W.; Li’yan; Xuhui, W. Internet-Based Electronic Toll Collection System Using WiFi Technology. In Innovative Computing and Information: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011. Proceedings, Part II; Dai, M., Ed.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 22–25 ISBN 9783642239977.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysts.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Our Brain Sees Known Words As Pictures Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Space Acquisitions: Government and Industry Partners Face Substantial Challenges in Developing New DOD Space Systems; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woodland, R.J. Investigating the Role of the Mid-Atlantic Inner Continental Shelf as a Marine Finfish Nursery: A Comparative Approach. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park: College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. I.O.C. Nominates American, Signaling A Thaw in Relations. New York Times 2013, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysts
ISSN (online)2073-4344
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Other styles