How to format your references using the Catalysts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, C.R. Evolution. Fossil record reveals tropics as cradle and museum. Science 2006, 314, 66–67.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beveridge, C.; Morris, S. Order of merit. Nature 2007, 448, 508.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halpin, A.; Johnson, P.J.M.; Miller, R.J.D. Comment on “Engineering coherence among excited states in synthetic heterodimer systems.” Science 2014, 344, 1099.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tan, H.L.; Bink-Boelkens, M.T.; Bezzina, C.R.; Viswanathan, P.C.; Beaufort-Krol, G.C.; van Tintelen, P.J.; van den Berg, M.P.; Wilde, A.A.; Balser, J.R. A sodium-channel mutation causes isolated cardiac conduction disease. Nature 2001, 409, 1043–1047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, B.G. Wealth Exposed; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781118810712.
An edited book
Advanced Sensors for Safety and Security; Vaseashta, A., Khudaverdyan, S., Eds.; NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; ISBN 9789400770027.
A chapter in an edited book
Iovino, V.; Persiano, G. Hidden-Vector Encryption with Groups of Prime Order. In Pairing-Based Cryptography – Pairing 2008: Second International Conference, Egham, UK, September 1-3, 2008. Proceedings; Galbraith, S.D., Paterson, K.G., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 75–88 ISBN 9783540855033.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysts.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Space Travel Makes Cherry Trees Bloom Years Early Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Summary Analysis of Federal Commercial Aviation Taxes and Fees; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsai, H.-Y. Elucidating the Role of Protein Cofactors in RNA Catalysis Using Ribonuclease P as the Model System. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Move For Life Terms For Terrorists. New York Times 2004, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysts
ISSN (online)2073-4344
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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