How to format your references using the International Journal of Law and Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, J. A. (2008). Ecology. How the Sahara became dry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5877), 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, X., & Norell, M. A. (2004). A new troodontid dinosaur from China with avian-like sleeping posture. Nature, 431(7010), 838–841.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldwin, M. P., Dameris, M., & Shepherd, T. G. (2007). Atmosphere. How will the stratosphere affect climate change? Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5831), 1576–1577.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, S.-W., Mao, C., Flynn, C. E., & Belcher, A. M. (2002). Ordering of quantum dots using genetically engineered viruses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5569), 892–895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tourlakis, G. (2008). Mathematical Logic. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gyssens, M., & Simari, G. (Eds.). (2016). Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems: 9th International Symposium, FoIKS 2016, Linz, Austria, March 7-11, 2016. Proceedings (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 9616). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sandkuhl, K., Stirna, J., Persson, A., & Wißotzki, M. (2014). Elicitation Approaches in Enterprise Modeling. In J. Stirna, A. Persson, & M. Wißotzki (Eds.), Enterprise Modeling: Tackling Business Challenges with the 4EM Method (pp. 39–51). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Law and Psychiatry.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 19). Adults Retain Understanding Of Their Birth Language, Even If They Have Never Spoken It. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). B-2 Costs (NSIAD-93-253R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Di Giacomo, F. A. (2010). Education amidst transition: The case of Romania [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tackett, M. (2017, October 22). Winning? Political Bellwether Grows Tired Waiting for Trump to Deliver. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Holmes, 2008; Xu & Norell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu & Norell, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Baldwin et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lee et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Law and Psychiatry
AbbreviationInt. J. Law Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0160-2527
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

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