How to format your references using the International Journal of Law and Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cooper, T. A. (2009). Molecular biology. Neutralizing toxic RNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5938), 272–273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carmeliet, P., & Tessier-Lavigne, M. (2005). Common mechanisms of nerve and blood vessel wiring. Nature, 436(7048), 193–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perlo, J., Casanova, F., & Blümich, B. (2007). Ex situ NMR in highly homogeneous fields: 1H spectroscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5815), 1110–1112.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Raizen, D. M., Zimmerman, J. E., Maycock, M. H., Ta, U. D., You, Y.-J., Sundaram, M. V., & Pack, A. I. (2008). Lethargus is a Caenorhabditis elegans sleep-like state. Nature, 451(7178), 569–572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rounds, J., & Segner, R. (2011). Construction Supervision. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dilek, Y., Furnes, H., & Muehlenbachs, K. (Eds.). (2008). Links Between Geological Processes, Microbial Activities&Evolution of Life: Microbes and Geology (Vol. 4). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, J., Ma, X., Hou, C., & Yao, Z. (2008). A Static Multiprocessor Scheduling Algorithm for Arbitrary Directed Task Graphs in Uncertain Environments. In A. G. Bourgeois & S. Q. Zheng (Eds.), Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 8th International Conference, ICA3PP 2008, Cyprus, June 9-11, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 18–29). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Law and Psychiatry.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, November 19). Gigantic Landslide Was Bigger Than Rhode Island. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Aviation: FAA’s Use and Management of Communications Resources (IMTEC-90-8). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luong, W. (2009). An identity building program for American-born children of Southeast Asian refugees [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, June 1). Another Failed Festival Puts Industry on Edge. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cooper, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Carmeliet & Tessier-Lavigne, 2005; Cooper, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carmeliet & Tessier-Lavigne, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Perlo et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Raizen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Law and Psychiatry
AbbreviationInt. J. Law Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0160-2527
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

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