How to format your references using the International Journal of Law and Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Downward, J. (2006). Signal transduction. Prelude to an anniversary for the RAS oncogene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5798), 433–434.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nandy, D., & Choudhuri, A. R. (2002). Explaining the latitudinal distribution of sunspots with deep meridional flow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1671–1673.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baird, P., Downie, J., & Thompson, J. (2002). Medicine. Clinical trials and industry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5590), 2211.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chan, C. S., Guzman, J. N., Ilijic, E., Mercer, J. N., Rick, C., Tkatch, T., … Surmeier, D. J. (2007). “Rejuvenation” protects neurons in mouse models of Parkinson’s disease. Nature, 447(7148), 1081–1086.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackevičius, V. (2011). Introduction to Stochastic Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wu, X. (2013). Structure-Preserving Algorithms for Oscillatory Differential Equations. (X. You & B. Wang, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Senikovskaya, I. (2014). Biota of Typical Chernozem Under Different Land Uses in Long-Term Field Experiments. In D. Dent (Ed.), Soil as World Heritage (pp. 21–27). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Law and Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 14). Scientists Turn Bacteria Into DNA Tape Recorders. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Acquisition and Use of Software Products for Automatic Data Processing Systems in the Federal Government (No. B-115369). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Binney, I. (2014). Registered Nurses’ Perceptions of Work Engagement and Turnover Intentions in a Long-Term Care Facility: A Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, August 20). Uncertainty in Courthouse Fogs the View at the Stadium. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vernes, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Allen, 2001; Kamionkowski, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nandy & Choudhuri, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Baird, Downie, & Thompson, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jiang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Law and Psychiatry
AbbreviationInt. J. Law Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0160-2527
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

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