How to format your references using the Ecotoxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecotoxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T (2002) Discovery of giant asteroid gives Pluto a rocky outlook. Nature 419:546
A journal article with 2 authors
Sigman DM, Boyle EA (2000) Glacial/interglacial variations in atmospheric carbon dioxide. Nature 407:859–869
A journal article with 3 authors
Parker HG, Kruglyak L, Ostrander EA (2006) Molecular genetics: DNA analysis of a putative dog clone. Nature 440:E1-2
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yang W, Liu H, Zhao Y, et al (2014) Mechanical properties and structural features of novel Fe-based bulk metallic glasses with unprecedented plasticity. Sci Rep 4:6233

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt W (2000) Optische Spektroskopie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Mendes P, Dada JO, Smallbone K (eds) (2014) Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 12th International Conference, CMSB 2014, Manchester, UK, November 17-19, 2014, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Chen W, Fu Z-J, Chen CS (2014) Open Issues and Perspectives. In: Fu Z-J, Chen CS (eds) Recent Advances in Radial Basis Function Collocation Methods. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 89–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecotoxicology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Watch This Fascinating Time-Lapse Of Hatching Bees. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/watch-fascinating-time-lapse-hatching-bees/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Increasing Use of Data Telecommunications Calls for Stronger Protection and Improved Economies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yoon J (2012) Jan Radzynski’s Canto (1981): An Introductory View of Its Genre, Style, and Form, with Suggestions for Performance. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barker K, Schweber N (2015) A Woman Called ‘Sweet and Shy,’ Now Accused of Killing Her Newborn. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sigman and Boyle 2000; Reichhardt 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sigman and Boyle 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEcotoxicology
AbbreviationEcotoxicology
ISSN (print)0963-9292
ISSN (online)1573-3017
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
General Medicine
Toxicology

Other styles